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A famous example of early programmable machines, before the development of computers, was in ___
ballistics range tables
Joseph Marie Jacquard developed a programmable textile loom, which he first demonstrated in ___
In Jacquard's programmable textile loom, punch cards were arranged ___
in vertical stacks
in long chains
on top of the fabric
Punched cards were first used to help tabulate which Census?
the 1809 US Census
the 1880 Canadian Census
the 1890 US Census
the 1908 Canadian Census
By 1906, different calculations could be performed by Hollerith's machine be accessing ___
a programmable integrated circuit
a hidden stack of punch cards
a wire and socket "plugboard"
an array of vacuum tubes
By the 1920s, plugboards in tabulating machines were made ___
entirely of plastic
When was the ENIAC, the world's first general purpose electronic computer, completed?
Physically wiring up the ENIAC and getting the program to run could take upwards of ___
By the late 1940s, electronic memory was used to store a program entirely in memory in machines called ___
swappable plugboard computers
Unifying a computer's program and data into a single shared memory is called ___
the Turing Algorithm
the Jacquard Architecture
the Hollerith Algorithm
the Von Neumann Architecture
What was the nickname of the very first Von Neumann Architecture stored program computer?
When and where was the very first Von Neumann Architecture stored program computer constructed?
in 1944, at the University of Oxford
in 1946, at Stanford University
in 1948, at the University of Manchester
in 1950, at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Almost all computers had a punch card reader, well into what decade?
A common trick to keep punch cards in order was to draw a diagonal line on the side of the card stack called ___
The largest program ever punched into punch cards was completed in what year?
The US Air Force's SAGE system used a whopping 62,500 punch cards, which is equivalent to roughly ___
5 Bytes of data
5 kB of data
5 MB of data
5 GB of data
Using huge panels full of switches and buttons to input data to a computer was called ___
Launched in 1975, what was the first commercially successful home computer?
the Apple II
the Tandy TRS-80
the Commodore PET
the ALTAIR 8800
What was the 1975 selling price of the Altair 8800?
How were the binary opcodes and instructions entered into the ALTAIR 8800?