E.S. Energy in Earth Processes (Topic 5)
21 days ago
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  • Question 1
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    Q.

    Which is the major source of energy for most of Earth's processes

    answer choices

    radioactive decay within the Earth's interior

    convection currents in Earth's mantle

    radiation received from the sun

    earthquakes along fault zones

  • Question 2
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    Q.

    All objects warmer than 0 Kelvin (absolute zero) must be

    answer choices

    radiating electromagnetic energy

    condensing to form a gas

    warmer than 0 degrees Celsius

    expanding in size

  • Question 3
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    Q.

    The various types of electromagnetic energy are distinguished from one another by their

    answer choices

    temperature

    wavelengths

    height of waves

    speed of travel in space

  • Question 4
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    Q.

    Which type of electromagnetic energy has the shortes wavelength

    answer choices

    ultraviolet

    visible light

    gamma rays

    radio waves

  • Question 5
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    Q.

    In the visible light spectrum, which color has the longest wavelength?

    answer choices

    red

    green

    orange

    violet

  • Question 6
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    Q.

    Which statement about electromagnetic energy is correct?

    answer choices

    Violet light has a longer wavelength than red light

    X-rays have a longer wavelength than infrared waves

    Radio waves have shorter wavelength than ultraviolet rays.

    Gamma rays have a shorter wavelength than visible light.

  • Question 7
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    Q.

    As electromagnetic energy from a heat source interacts with its environment, it is being

    answer choices

    reflected only

    refracted only

    absorbed only

    reflected, refracted, and absorbed.

  • Question 8
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    Q.

    Which would absorb the most solar radiation, if you assume that each covers an equal geographic area.

    answer choices

    a freshwater lake

    a snow beach

    a sandy beach

    a forest

  • Question 9
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    Q.

    Which type of surface would most likely be the best reflector of electromagnetic energy?

    answer choices

    dark-colored and rough

    dark-colored and smooth

    light-colored and rough

    light-colored and smooth

  • Question 10
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    Q.

    An object that is a good radiator of electromagnetic waves is also a good

    answer choices

    insulator from heat

    reflector of heat

    absorber of electromagnetic energy

    refractor of electromagnetic energy

  • Question 11
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    Q.

    A homeowner decides to install carpet in a room that receives the most sunlight. A carpet with which characteristics will absorb the most radiation from the sun?

    answer choices

    smooth texture and light color

    smooth texture and dark color

    rough texture and light color

    rough texture and dark color

  • Question 12
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    Q.

    The environment is in dynamic equilibrium when it is gaining

    answer choices

    less energy than it is losing

    more energy than it is losing

    the same amount of energy it is losing

  • Question 13
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    Q.

    Differences in density cause energy to be transferred by which method?

    answer choices

    absorption

    conduction

    convection

    radiation

  • Question 14
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    Q.
    answer choices
  • Question 15
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    Q.

    At which temperature will an object radiate the greatest amount of electromagnetic energy?

    answer choices

    0 degrees F

    5 degrees C

    10 degrees F

    230 K

  • Question 16
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    Q.

    What method of energy transfer requires no medium for the transfer?

    answer choices

    conduction

    convection

    refraction

    radiation

  • Question 17
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    Q.

    By which process does starlight travel through space?

    answer choices

    absorption

    conduction

    vaporization

    radiation

  • Question 18
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    Q.

    By which process do light rays pass through window glass?

    answer choices

    conduction

    convection

    radiation

    compression

  • Question 19
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    Q.

    Which diagram correctly indicates why convection currents form in water when water is heated?

    answer choices
  • Question 20
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    Q.

    How do the wavelengths of electromagnetic energy absorbed by materials on Earth compare to the wavelengths radiated by materials on Earth?

    answer choices

    The reradiated wavelengths are shorter

    The reradiated wavelengths are longer

    The absorbed and reradiated wavelengths are the same.

  • Question 21
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    Q.

    The temperature of an object is determined by the

    answer choices

    average kinetic energy of its molecules

    average potential energy of its molecules

    total kinetic energy of the object

    total potential energy of the object

  • Question 22
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    Q.

    The temperature of a stovetop is 65 °\degree   C. What is the equivalent Fahrenheit temperature?

    answer choices

    126 °\degree F

    132 °\degree F

    144 °\degree F

    149 °\degree F

  • Question 23
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    Q.
    answer choices

    Its potential energy decreases, and its kinetic energy increases

    Its potential energy increases, and its kinetic energy decreases

    Its potential energy and kinetic energy both decrease

    Its potential energy and kinetic energy both increase

  • Question 24
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    Q.

     Equal masses of lead, granite, basalt, and water at 5 °\degree C are exposed to equal quantities of heat energy. Which would be the first to show a temperature rise of 10 °\degree C?

    answer choices

    lead

    granite

    basalt

    water

  • Question 25
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    Q.

    During some winters in the Finger Lakes region of New York State, the water remains unfrozen even though the land around the lakes is frozen and covered with snow. The primary cause of this difference is that water

    answer choices

    gains heat during evaporation

    is at a lower elevation

    has a higher specific heat

    reflects more radiation

  • Question 26
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    Q.

    At which temperature will ice melt under normal conditions?

    answer choices

    0 K

    32 K

    212 K

    273 K

  • Question 27
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    Q.

    The change from the gas, or vapor phase, to the liquid phase is called

    answer choices

    evaporation

    condensation

    precipitation

    transpiration

  • Question 28
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    Q.

    Which diagram correctly shows the processes that change the phases of matter?

    answer choices
  • Question 29
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    Q.

    two identical towels are hanging on a clothesline in the sun. One towel is wet: the other is dry. The wet towel feels much cooler than the dry towel because the

    answer choices

    dry towel receives more heat energy from the sun

    dry towel has more room for heat storage than the wet towel

    presence of water in the wet towel requires an additional amount of heat energy to bring about a temperature change

    water in the wet towel prevents absorption of heat energy

  • Question 30
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    Q.

    Water loses energy when it changes phase from

    answer choices

    liquid to solid

    solid to liquid

    liquid to gas

    solid to gas

  • Question 31
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    Q.

    What is the major source of energy for Earth's surface

    answer choices

    convective motion within the mantle

    energy released during the collision of tectonic plates

    interaction of major air masses as Earth rotates on its axis

    electromagnetic energy from the sun

  • Question 32
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    Q.

    The sun's energy is most likely the result of

    answer choices

    the burning of fossil fuels

    gravitational contraction of the sun

    a nuclear reaction involving the combination of atoms

    a nuclear reaction involving radioactive decay

  • Question 33
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    Q.

    A source of energy for the high temperatures found deep within Earth is

    answer choices

    tidal fraction

    incoming solar radiation

    nuclear decay of radioactive materials

    meteorite bombardment of Earth

  • Question 34
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    Q.

    Which process requires water to gain 2260 joules of energy per gram?

    answer choices

    vaporization

    condensation

    melting

    freezing

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