AP HuG Pre/Post Test
4 months ago
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  • Question 1
    60 seconds

    Which of the following is a characteristic of a country moving from stage 2 to stage 3 of the demographic transition model?

    answer choices

    shorter life expectancy

    increasing birth rate

    high level of female education

    declining death rate

    increasing dependence on farm labor

  • Question 2
    60 seconds

    The Berlin Conference of 1884-1885 and the partition of India in 1947 changed borders in Africa and South Asia and are reflected in the current world map. Which of the following best describes the type of political border resulting from these events?

    answer choices

    relict boundaries

    antecedent boundaries

    consequent boundaries

    superimposed boundaries

    subsequent boundaries

  • Question 3
    60 seconds

    Which of the following is the land survey system shown in the satellite image?

    answer choices

    multiple nuceli

    suburban subdivision

    long lots

    metes and bounds

    township and range

  • Question 4
    60 seconds

    In reading the landscape of the image, a geographer will most likely identify the land-survey pattern shown as typical of which of the following locations?

    answer choices

    a rural agricultural region in the USA

    an exurb of Paris, France

    a coastal region of China

    an agricultural region of eastern Canada

    a rainforest development in southern Brazil

  • Question 5
    60 seconds

    Technologies invented during which of the following periods explain how farmland was divided and cultivated as shown in the satellite image?

    answer choices

    Columbian Exchange, when the use of Old World farm animals such as cows and horses was introduced

    First Agricultural Revolution, when the animal-powered plow and domesticated plants were developed.

    Second Agricultural Revolution, when land-surveying technology and mechanical plows were developed.

    Modern era, when local farmers used computers and data analysis.

    Postindustrial era, when local farmers used GPs and GIS.

  • Question 6
    60 seconds

    Which of the following factors best explains the development and expansion of squatter settlements?

    answer choices

    Gentrification of megacities in more developed countries displacing large numbers of urban dwellers.

    Rapid urbanization and inability of infrastructure to keep pace with the growth of megacities in developing countries.

    urban dwellers seeking residential housing and shopping outside the congestion of the city.

    Zoning laws in developing countries that prevent current urban dwellers from obtaining land to build residential structures.

    The growth of urban agriculture encouraging migrant farm workers to move to cities requiring more housing.

  • Question 7
    60 seconds

    The lush golf courses in the United Arab Emirates, the dikes and polders in the Netherlands, and the Three Gorges Dam in China are significant examples of land use.

    Which of the following viewpoints of human-environment interaction are best described by these land-use examples?

    answer choices

    environmental determinism



    Heartland Theory

    Malthusian Theory

  • Question 8
    60 seconds

    Which of the following processes accounts for the change in coal miners employed in the United States from 1950 to 2000?

    answer choices

    technological diffusion

    just-in-time production

    industrial revolution



  • Question 9
    60 seconds

    Compare the bar graph showing coal mine employment and the line graph showing miner production. Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from trends in this data?

    answer choices

    coal mining has been outsourced to less-developed countries

    mechanization and computer automation in mining have increased

    legal restrictions have been imposed on the amount of coal exported overseas

    renewable resources are being used more frequently to power vehicles

    natural gas and oil production of electricity has declined

  • Question 10
    60 seconds

    Which of the following is a pull factor affecting migration to some of the more developed countries?

    answer choices

    loss of factory jobs

    severe famine

    rise of an authoritarian regime

    universal health care

    religious persecution

  • Question 11
    60 seconds

    Based on the map, which of the following languages are most likely to be spoken in counties where 60 percent or more of residents spoke a language other than English at home?

    answer choices

    French and French Creole

    Spanish and American Indian languages

    German and Dutch

    Russian and Hindi

    Chinese and Arabic

  • Question 12
    60 seconds

    Which of the following best explains a neo-Malthusian perspective on the Green Revolution?

    answer choices

    The Green Revolution represents a jump in agricultural technology, but population will still grow faster than our ability to produce food will over the long run.

    The Green Revolution solves the entire problem of feeding the planet, and Malthusian ideas are no longer relevant.

    Local food production is the key to long-term food production.

    The distribution of food in a capitalist system results in too many people being unable to afford basic foods.

    The increase in the food supply and a resulting increase in the population available for farm labor will solve the food crisis.

  • Question 13
    60 seconds

    Compare the largest municipality populations for each country, and then select the following statement that correctly draws a conclusion regarding the pattern of the data.

    answer choices

    China has a primate city, and the United States follows the rank-size rule.

    Both countries follow the rank-size rule.

    Neither country follows the rank-size rule.

    Both countries have a primate city.

    The US has a primate city, and China follows the rank-size rule.

  • Question 14
    60 seconds

    Which of the following correctly pairs a global religion described with its hearth region of origin?

    answer choices

    Buddhism and East Asia

    Christianity and Latin America

    Islam and Central Asia

    Hinduism and South Asia

    Judaism and eastern Europe

  • Question 15
    60 seconds

    The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Seas sets the limit of the exclusive economic zone at 200 nautical miles from a country's coastline. In cases where countries are less than 400 nautical miles apart at sea, which of the following explains how the exclusive economic zone boundary is determined for each country?

    answer choices

    Both countries will state their case to the United Nations during a hearing of the Security Council.

    Both countries will follow the median-line principle.

    Both countries will share all of the water area.

    Neither country can claim the area as an EEZ because the area is considered international water.

    Both countries will receive increased territorial sea claims up to 24 nautical miles but will have no EEZ.

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