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The Big Bang, Cosmology part 1
2 years ago by
craniumfire
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Before humans developed science, we explained what we saw by ___

    answer choices

    reading e-books

    making up stories

    searching the internet

    consulting the gods

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The study of the physical origins and evolution of the Universe is called ___

    answer choices

    evolution

    cosmology

    botany

    university

  • Question 3
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Darwin’s Theory of Evolution strongly implied the Earth was how old?

    answer choices

    at most a million years old

    at least millions of years old

    at most a billion years old

    at least billions of years old

  • Question 4
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    A popular model for the Universe, supported by Einstein, was that it was ___

    answer choices

    static

    expanding

    contracting

    created in five days

  • Question 5
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    In the 1910's Vesto Slipher analysed the spectra of “spiral nebulae” and found they were ___

    answer choices

    dimmer than expected

    missing spectral lines

    highly blueshifted

    highly redshifted

  • Question 6
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The highly redshifted spectra of nebulae indicated that they were ___

    answer choices

    rushing toward us

    rushing away from us

    quickly expanding

    rotating quickly

  • Question 7
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    In the 1920s Georges Lemaître proposed on theoretical grounds that the universe was ___

    answer choices

    contracting

    expanding

    static

    dying

  • Question 8
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Edwin Hubble and Milton Humason found that the farther away a galaxy was, the faster it was ___

    answer choices

    moving away from us

    moving toward us

    rotating

    expanding

  • Question 9
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Lemaître imagined everything in the cosmos squeezed into one infinitely dense blob called ___

    answer choices

    a “primeval atom” or the “cosmic egg”

    a “first speck” or the “universal onion”

    a “pristine point” or the “measureless cell”

    an “original crumb” or the “vast seed”

  • Question 10
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    When the Universe was a tiny dot it would’ve been unimaginably, ___

    answer choices

    highly blueshifted

    highly redshifted

    chillingly cold

    hellishly hot

  • Question 11
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The sudden expansion of the Universe from a dense point was coined “the Big Bang” by which astronomer?

    answer choices

    Arno Penzias

    Fred Hoyle

    Robert Wilson

    Edwin Hubble

  • Question 12
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    How long does it take light from the Sun to reach the Earth?

    answer choices

    about 8 seconds

    about 8 minutes

    about 8 hours

    about 8 days

  • Question 13
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    When we look at Alpha Centauri, the nearest star system to us, we see it as it was ___

    answer choices

    4.3 minutes ago

    4.3 hours ago

    4.3 days ago

    4.3 years ago

  • Question 14
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The farther away something is, the farther in the past we see it. This is called ___

    answer choices

    the “distance anomoly”

    the “Algol paradox”

    the “lookback time”

    “Olbers' paradox”

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Visible light from the early Universe that reaches us billions of years later should be ___

    answer choices

    redshifted into microwave wavelengths

    blueshifted into x-ray wavelengths

    redshifted into infrared wavelengths

    blueshifted into ultraviolet wavelengths

  • Question 16
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    In what year was the redshifted light from the early Universe first detected by a pair of radio astronomers?

    answer choices

    1965

    1975

    1985

    1995

  • Question 17
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The glow of the fireball leftover from the birth of the cosmos is commonly called the ___

    answer choices

    cosmic radiation aura

    universal microwave radiation

    universal microwave impression

    cosmic microwave background

  • Question 18
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The Big Bang model predicts the observed abundances of certain elements - ratios of them, compared to ___

    answer choices

    hydrogen

    helium

    lithium

    halfnium

  • Question 19
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    When we talk about the Universe expanding, we mean ___

    answer choices

    the galaxies are moving

    space itself is expanding

    the galaxies are expanding

    space-time is warping

  • Question 20
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    From any galaxy, it looks like all the others are ___

    answer choices

    contracting

    expanding

    rushing towards you

    rushing away from you

  • Question 21
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Every spot in the Universe appears like the center, which means ___

    answer choices

    they all are

    none is

    Earth is

    the observer is

  • Question 22
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Currently, the best measurement we have of the age of the Universe is ___

    answer choices

    13.82 million years

    312.8 million years

    13.82 billion years

    312.8 billion years

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