Fossils and Fossil Fuels
2 years ago
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  • Question 1
    300 seconds
    Q. The diagram shows layers of sedimentary rock and examples of the fossils each layer contains, Which layer contains the oldest fossils? 
    answer choices
    A. Layer 2
    B. Layer 4
    C. Layer 1
    D. Layer 3
  • Question 2
    300 seconds
    Q. Where are most fossils found?
    answer choices
    A. In sand dunes
    B. In volcanoes
    C. In igneous rocks 
    D. In sedimentary rocks 
  • Question 3
    300 seconds
    Q. The surface of the land displays a mountain range and rivers. What might a scientist conclude about about the environment, based on the fossils in the sedimentary layers? 
    answer choices
    A. The land was once a rainforest. 
    The area was once covered by a desert. 
    C. The area was once a grassy plain. 
    D. The area was once near or covered by an ocean. 
  • Question 4
    300 seconds
    Q. Which fossil layer is the youngest? 
    answer choices
    A. Layer A
    B. Layer B
    C. Layer C
    D. Layer D
  • Question 5
    300 seconds
    Q. This fossil was found at an excavation site in West Texas. What can a scientist determine about this animal from evidence of the fossil? 
    answer choices
    A. This animal was a carnivore. 
    B. This animal was a good swimmer. 
    C. This animal lived in a cold climate. 
    D. This animal lived underground. 
  • Question 6
    300 seconds
    Q. How are Sedimentary Rocks formed?
    answer choices
    A. Cooling and Hardening
    B. Melting and heating
    C. Compacting and Cementing
    D. Time
  • Question 7
    300 seconds
    Q. How are fossils created?
    answer choices
    A. Traces of organisms harden like rock. 
    B. Dead organisms are quickly buried for millions of years.
    C. Animals get trapped.
    D. All of the above
  • Question 8
    300 seconds
    Q. What are the 3 main fossil fuels?
    answer choices
    A. Coal, oil, and vegetable oil. 
    B. Coal, Oil, and Natural Gas
    C. Electricity, Gasoline, Petroleum
    D. Coal, Oil, Non-renewable Resources
  • Question 9
    300 seconds
    Q. Fossil Fuels formed over long periods of time after particles in water settled to the sea floor and formed marine mud.  What kinds of particles needed to be present in the marine mud in order for fossil fuels to form.
    answer choices
    A. Mostly sand and a few small bits of wood
    B. Mostly decaying organisms
    C. Mostly lava and a few sedimentary rocks
    D. Mostly metal minerals
  • Question 10
    300 seconds
    Q. Some students made a model to show one of the first steps in the formation of sedimentary rock.  The students pour 2 cm of light-colored sand into a clear plastic box.  Then they add 1 cm of gravel.  Finally, they pour 2 cm of dark-colored sand on top of the gravel.  Which characteristic of sedimentary rock does this model best show?
    answer choices
    A. Sedimentary rock is made of layers.
    B. Sedimentary rock is cemented bits of rock.
    C. Sedimentary rock is often limestone.
    D. Sedimentary rock is common in Texas.
  • Question 11
    300 seconds
    Q. All of these are related to the formation of oil or natural gas EXCEPT: 
    answer choices
    A. Decomposed Animals
    B. Decayed Plants
    C. Sedimentary Rocks
    D. Active Volcanoes
  • Question 12
    300 seconds
    Q. What had to be applied in order to make buried organic matter into fossil fuels?
    answer choices
    A. Industrial Pollution
    B. Ocean Currents
    C. Volcanic Activity
    D. Heat and pressure
  • Question 13
    300 seconds
    Q. A student creates a model of the formation of fossil fuels by first placing a layer of leaves, representing organic matter, in the bottom of a cup.  What step will come next in the model?
    answer choices
    A. Pouring water over the leaves to model washing away by rivers. 
    B. adding sand on top of the leaves to model burial in sediments. 
    C. Burning the leaves to model the decay of organic matter. 
    D. Putting the leaves in the freezer to model conditions on top of mountains. 
  • Question 14
    300 seconds
    Q. Sedimentary rocks form when broken bits of other rock are deposited and then -
    answer choices
    A. buried and squeezed and cemented together. 
    B. melted by the heat of the Earth's core
    C. completely dissolved in the salt water of the ocean 
    D. used by humans as a natural resource
  • Question 15
    300 seconds
    Q. Fossil Fuels form in sedimentary rocks when -
    answer choices
    A. plants use the nutrients in the sediments to grow
    B. organic matter is buried along with sediments
    C. rivers carry sediments down mountainsides
    D. sediments are used by humans as a resource
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