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What is a sociological paradigm?
A positivist research project
A microsociological approach
A set of concept of theories to understand society
Society is seen as a complex system whose parts work together to promote ________ and ________.
the upper classes and the middle classes
achievement and success
prosperity and progress
stability and social order
Functionalism sees society as a social system based on ________, it sees various parts working together to maintain __________.
competition and individualism
consensus and social order
social imagination and social structure
institutions and harmony
True or False. In Positivist Social Science, empirical evidences are important.
This concept refers to groups within the society that work together in order to achieve stability and unity.
This refers to the state by which the society returns to stability after undergoing several changes within its institutions.
Which statement below is CORRECT about Social Functions?
Manifest functions are those expected roles to be fulfilled by different social structures.
Social structures have specific and identifiable roles, that are both concrete and intended.
At times, social structures perform actions that affect society negatively.
Latent functions are intended roles or functions which social structures are expected to perform.
This concept is used to explain human behavior from the rational choice perspective in which when a person is confronted with a set of choices, that person will choose the option that will best serve his or her objectives
Structure of Preferences
Decision-making under conditions of uncertainty
Centrality of individuals in the explanation of collective concerns
Which two statements are CORRECT about Structural-Functionalism and Rational Choice Theory as theoretical perspectives under Positivist Social Science?
In structural functionalism, society is seen as an organism in which members' collective decisions maintain stability and solidarity in society.
According to rational choice theory, humans use their logic/reason in making choices when they are confronted with various options.
In order to keep the society in the state of balance, proponents of structural functionalism believe in the need for social institutions to work together in performing their roles/responsibilities.
For a person to make a sound decision, he/she must gauge his/her emotion and prioritize what is considered to be morally good.
Which of the following theories believes that society is an arrangement of interconnected parts that cooperate in congruity to keep up a condition of parity and social harmony for the entirety?
The Structural-Functionalism is based on the following premises EXCEPT one:
social conflict in the society
function can be small or substantial
change is evident within any society
How to keep up the balance of the framework in the society?
Social instability in the society
If the people will work together with one goal for stability
If there’s lack of consensus among people in a given society
Imbalance among people due to differences in backgrounds
Which of the following sociologists identified two types of functions in Structural-Functionalism: (1) Manifest function; and (2) Latent function?
An approach in sociology that views society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability.
B. Structural - Functionalism
C. Symbolic Interactionism
2. A French philosopher noticed and started to think that society was made up of building blocks that were focused towards a common goal.
A. Charles Darwin
B. Emile Durkheim
C. Karl Marx
D. Talcott Parson
An individual acting against or according to the social facts has a big impact on the social facts itself
These are ways of thinking or acting formed by the society that existed before and ever after and individual does.
A society's state of balance and stability is also known as:
This causes threats to mutual interdependence and disturbance of society's equilibrium.
This theory believes that humans "MUST" be part of a big structure.