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Which are most closely related to biotechnology?
medicine and agriculture
construction and engineering
water treatment and electricity generation
communication and information technology
Which was most likely the earliest way biotechnology was studied by humans?
finding evidence of crimes
making new medicines to cure sicknesses
discovering the cause of hereditary diseases
breeding better varieties of crops and livestock
Which application of biotechnology is of greatest economic benefit to North Carolina?
development of livestock that are more domesticated
development of livestock that produce higher quality meat
development of crops that can be grown in extremely dry environments
development of crops that can be grown in extremely low temperatures
Which use of biotechnology most benefits North Carolina agriculture?
producing human vaccines
producing disease resistant crops
producing new medicines from bacteria
producing enzymes to eliminate pollutants
Which is a concern of scientists when genetically modifying plants?
Plants will pass on diseases to animals.
There will be a decrease in biodiversity.
Plants will have a longer growing season.
There will be a decrease in revenue for pesticide manufacturers.
Which would be reduced as a result of the development of pest-resistant crops?
use of organic fertilizers
use of chemical insecticides
practice of crop rotation techniques
practice of hydroponic farming techniques
Which best describes a controversial issue associated with the use of genetically modified crops?
the use of genetically modified crops to increase potential yield
the short term use of genetically modified crops in famine stricken countries
the development of genetically modified crops which are more nutrient dense
the long term effects which may arise from the use of genetically modified crops
Which is a career that would use microorganisms to remove pollutants from water?
medical specialist in gene therapy
DNA fingerprint specialist in forensics
Environmental Protection Agency specialist in bioremediation
Center for Disease Control specialist in epidemiology
How does biotechnology most likely affect North Carolina’s population?
Jobs are created and attract more people to the area.
Research advancement causes people in need of medicines to move to the area.
People are not concerned with biotechnology so the overall population is not impacted.
The issue causes controversy and people hesitate to live in a state where a large amount of research takes place.
Which area of biotechnology would most likely create ethical issues within human society?
insulin production by bacteria
organ cloning for use in transplants
genetic engineering to improve agricultural yields
DNA and forensic testing of crime scene evidence
Which is most important when investigating ethical issues in biotechnology?
cost of the technology
advantage of the technology
public opinion of the technology
benefits of the technology outweighing the harm
Bacteria cells can be used to produce insulin for the treatment of diabetes in humans. Which best explains how the bacteria cells are able to produce insulin for humans?
The bacteria have been grown on a petri dish containing insulin.
The bacteria have been genetically engineered to contain the DNA needed to produce insulin.
The bacteria have been exposed to radioactivity to create mutant strains capable of producing insulin.
The bacteria have been grown on a petri dish containing sugar; the bacteria produce insulin in response to the sugar.
What is a STEM cell?
an unspecialized cell, capable of differentiating into one or more cell types
an unspecialized cell that has differentiated to become a specific cell
A differentiated cell that is capable of specializing
A cell that is taken from the cell tissue of a plant
Residents of North Carolina presently burn 5 billion gallons of imported petroleum-based liquid fuel per year. How would the state’s economy be affected if North Carolina could produce biofuels locally as a replacement?
Tax revenues would decrease.
Unemployment would increase.
The economy would decline due to exports.
The economy would improve with new jobs and tax revenue.