After the revolt in 1857, which strategy did the British NOT use to prevent another challenge to their rule?
invite Indian politicians to take a larger role in the decision making
recruit soldiers from areas that had remained loyal
ban sepoys from top military positions
passing laws to make natural resources 'state property'
The British used segregation in which way(s) to enhance their power:
Indian villages were often replaced with paved roads, government offices, homes, and parks.
British officials retreated to isolated towns to govern Indian society from afar
houses and building were constructed exclusively for the British
there were boundaries set for Indians and British called "civil lines"
In which year did the British begin conducting the first All-India Census?
What information was collected as part of the All-India Census?
their opinions on British rule
the languages they spoke
where Indians lived and worked
A category used to rank Indians in society is called _______?
What is the highest rank in the caste system?
With its basis in religion and local politics, the British saw the caste system as a way to
recognize the religious similarities to Christianity
organize and rule Indians
gain a better understanding of Indian culture
recruit more sepoys based on religion
In the decades following the first All-India Census, the British implemented laws linking the caste identity to everything EXCEPT:
Facing economic hardships, many Indians were forced to become ______ _______.
The British invested heavily in expanding __________ and __________ networks on the subcontinent.
transportation and communication
diplomatic and military
investment and infrastructure
religious and spiritual
The transportation and communication networks helped the British achieve two major goals:
trading iron and coal and delivering telegrams between officials
shipping investors' money and improving trade across India
quick communication to British headquarters and prisoner transport
the transport of military troops and delivery of materials to ports
How did the railway affect Indian society?
people were able to travel by train to religious festivals
new towns were built around railroad terminals
urban centers and port cities got smaller
The colonial capital of Calcutta was located in one of the British Raj's most profitable provinces:________
How did the British decide to partition Bengal?
based on caste system
along political lines
along religious lines
based on population size
Why were the members of the Indian National Congress frustrated?
the British were excluding Indians from the government
there were insufficient educational opportunities
the famine was destroying the peasants' farm production
there were too many Muslims and not enough Hindus in congress
The swadeshi movement included all activities EXECPT for
bonfires of foreign goods
labor strikes at European companies
holding British officials hostage for massive ransoms
Which change was NOT affected by the Morely-Minto Reforms?
reserved seats for Muslim Indians
appease moderate Congress politicians and weaken anti-colonial protests
seats for Indians to the provincial legislatures
unions for the peasant class to ensure proper compensation for crops
The Indian National Congress and the Muslim League supported the British government’s decision to enter the war and hoped that the British would offer _______ ________ in India
In 1916, some Indians formed organizations known as ___________, which petitioned the British to transfer political power
After WWI, Britain kept India under colonial rule on the basis that Indians were “_____” or not adequately “civilized” to independently manage their own government.
In March 1919, the British enacted the _______ ______, which allowed Indians to be detained and tried without jury.
Gandhi urged the public to adopt _________, a strategy of nonviolent resistance.
In the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, at least _____ innocent Indian villagers were killed
The Non-Cooperation Movement attracted a large following from every group EXCEPT
peasants in rural regions
middle class students and professionals
In February 1922, why did public opinion turn against the non-cooperation movement?
the British had agreed to Indian Independence
the media was describing the movement as violent
Ghandi was arrested and sentenced to 6 years in prison
protesters killed 22 police officers, and violence broke out
Gandhi organized a mass demonstration protesting the ____ _____—a British-imposed law that made it illegal for Indians to gather and sell salt.
The Government of India Act was introduced in ______.
As a result of the 1937 election, the Muslim League did everything EXCEPT:
receive less than 5% of the Muslim vote
fight for a 50-50 representation in congress between Muslims and Hindus
promoted Mohammad Ali Jinnah to lead the party
support of a law that would allow Muslims to live under Islamic codes
The Lahore Resolution called for asserted which idea(s)
Muslim-majority provinces to become independent states
Muslims be recognized as a nation deserving of its own “homelands”
Muslims were to receive special recognition for their religious holidays
Muslims represented a separate nation, not just a religious minority
Which movement gained its title from Punjab, North-West Frontier Province (the Afghan border), Kashmir, Sind, and Baluchistan
Jawaharlal Nehru and other members of the Congress leadership launched the ____ _____ Movement on August 8, 1942.
Jinnah encouraged Muslims to participate in a mass rally on August 16, 1946 known as “_____ _____ Day.”
What were the affects of Direct Action Day?
Violence broke out that could not be stopped
four thousand Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs died in just four days
thousands were wounded and left homeless
violence spread to other areas of Bengal
In 1947, Prime Minister Attlee wanted to transfer power to a unified, central Indian government so that India could become an important ally in the _____ ____
Members of the Indian National Congress asked those who opposed the partition of Bengal to boycott British goods and encouraged people to buy Indian-made goods, called __________