QUIZ
Unit 4 test review
3 hours ago by
34 questions
Q.

Classify the following materials as rock or mineral.

answer choices

rock

mineral

Q.

Classify the following materials as rock or mineral.

answer choices

rock

mineral

Q.

Which statement best explains why this extrusive volcanic rock does not have visible crystals?

answer choices

It is homogeneous and composed of a soft mineral.

It does not contain atoms of any Earth minerals.

It cooled down before large crystals could form

It wasn’t exposed to friction during its formation.

Q.

A region of metamorphic rock lies far beneath Earth’s surface. In time, which two ways can the rock make its way upward to Earth’s surface, where people are able to see it?

answer choices

It can be transported by water and deposited on Earth’s surface.

It can uplift slowly due to the pressure of Earth’s plates.

It can become intrusive igneous rock through compaction and cementation.

It can be transported by wind and deposited on Earth’s surface.

It can melt into magma and recrystallize as extrusive igneous rock.

Q.

Sandra is an avid hiker. She’s found a rock while hiking near the Camden Gorge that looks like a bunch of shells that were glued together with sand. A few pieces of broken pebbles poke out near its edges.

answer choices

It is a metamorphic rock that experienced tremendous heat and pressure due to massive, moving tectonic plates.

It is a sedimentary rock made primarily from lithification of organic material.

It is an igneous rock that was formed above Earth’s surface.

Q.

Sandra is an avid hiker. She’s found a rock while hiking near the Camden Gorge that looks like it was molded like clay and stretched from both the sides. Its surface is covered with a pattern of wavy, elongated stripes.

answer choices

It is a metamorphic rock that experienced tremendous heat and pressure due to massive, moving tectonic plates.

It is a sedimentary rock made primarily from lithification of organic material.

It is an igneous rock that was formed above Earth’s surface.

Q.

Sandra is an avid hiker. She’s found a rock while hiking near the Camden Gorge that has a smooth, glassy

texture. It has no visible crystals. It is a piece of solidified magma.

answer choices

It is a metamorphic rock that experienced tremendous heat and pressure due to massive, moving tectonic plates.

It is a sedimentary rock made primarily from lithification of organic material.

It is an igneous rock that was formed above Earth’s surface.

Q.

The events describe the formation of an extrusive igneous rock. Which event happens first?

answer choices

Hot magma erupts as lava above Earth’s surface during a volcanic eruption.

Being exposed to a cooler temperature, the lava starts cooling down quickly.

The lava solidifies into a rock formation with a fine-grained or smooth surface.

Rocks in Earth’s mantle and crust melt due to extreme temperatures and turn into magma.

Q.

The events describe the formation of an extrusive igneous rock. Which event happens last?

answer choices

Hot magma erupts as lava above Earth’s surface during a volcanic eruption.

Being exposed to a cooler temperature, the lava starts cooling down quickly.

The lava solidifies into a rock formation with a fine-grained or smooth surface.

Rocks in Earth’s mantle and crust melt due to extreme temperatures and turn into magma.

Q.

According to the theory of plate tectonics, what drives the motion of the continents?

answer choices

Earth's strong magnetic field

moving magma in the mantle

strong winds along the equator

volcanic islands in the ocean

changing ocean currents

Q.

Magnetometers revealed that the basalt rocks along the mid-ocean ridges are aligned in alternating, symmetrical patterns. Which 2 factors are responsible for this orientation?

answer choices

age of the rocks

magnetic polarity of the rocks

shape of the rock

depth of the rock

variations in water color

Q.

The image shows a tectonic plate boundary between the North American and Pacific Plates known as the San Andreas Fault. The arrows show the direction that each plate is moving. Which type of boundary does the plate movement represent?

answer choices

convergent plate boundary

divergent plate boundary

transform plate boundary

subduction plate boundary

stationary boundary

Q.

Which diagram shows a convergent boundary?

answer choices
Q.

Which diagram shows where a volcano would be?

answer choices
Q.

Which diagram shows where a rift valley would be?

answer choices
Q.

Which diagram shows where a mid-ocean ridge would be?

answer choices
Q.

Convection currents are formed in Earth’s ___________________ which contains magma.

answer choices

crust

mantle

core

Q.

Magma is _______________________ rock.

answer choices

inflammable

weathered

molten

Q.

Magma _____________________ due to the heat from Earth’s interior.

answer choices

dissolves and diffuses

expands and contracts

cools and solidifies

Q.

Where is the natural light display called aurora borealis located?

answer choices

location A

location B

location C

location D

Q.

Why are regions where convection currents diverge more suitable for building geothermal power stations?

answer choices

Divergent boundaries create mountains on which to install the stations.

Energy from magma at divergent boundaries is cleaner.

Divergent boundaries are unaffected by magma convection currents.

Divergent boundaries allow heat to rise faster.

Q.

Cause: Earth is covered by a crust that runs miles deep. What's the effect?

answer choices

Effect: The mantle is insulated from the atmosphere and retains tremendous heat.

Effect: Magma at the core-mantle boundary rises and convection currents are formed.

Effect: Pressure builds up, eventually leading to an earthquake.

Q.

Cause: Radiogenic heat rises to heat molten magma. What's the effect?

answer choices

Effect: The mantle is insulated from the atmosphere and retains tremendous heat.

Effect: Magma at the core-mantle boundary rises and convection currents are formed.

Effect: Pressure builds up, eventually leading to an earthquake.

Q.

Cause: Tectonic plates at transform boundaries experience friction. What's the effect?

answer choices

Effect: The mantle is insulated from the atmosphere and retains tremendous heat.

Effect: Magma at the core-mantle boundary rises and convection currents are formed.

Effect: Pressure builds up, eventually leading to an earthquake.

Q.

Which type of heat transfer relates to density differences within fluids?

answer choices

convection

conduction

radiation

Q.

Which type of heat transfer does not require a medium or physical contact to transfer heat?

answer choices

convection

conduction

radiation

Q.

Which type of heat transfer occurs during physical contact between solid objects not in thermal equilibrium?

answer choices

convection

conduction

radiation

Q.

Earthquakes sometimes occur when

answer choices

a volcanic island moves away from a hot spot and goes extinct

the solid rock layer in the lithosphere is no longer influenced by the more fluid asthenosphere

a transform boundary causes excessive amounts of friction between two tectonic plates

a divergent boundary abruptly reverses roles to become a convergent boundary

Q.

Some underwater earthquakes shake the ocean floor and cause large sea waves that destroy property and threaten lives. Such a sea wave is called

answer choices

an avalanche

a tsunami

a tidal wave

a landslide

Q.

The map shows tectonic plates on Earth. The red arrows indicate which plates are converging, diverging, or transforming. Identify the point closest to a subduction zone.

answer choices

location A

location B

location C

location D

Q.

What happens when oceanic crust collides with continental crust at a plate boundary?

answer choices

The continental crust moves closer to the mantle.

The oceanic crust floats above the continental crust.

Some oceanic crust is consumed into the mantle.

Fresh oceanic crust is formed along the boundary line.

Ocean water changes the continental crust into oceanic crust.

Q.

Which 3 geographic features are associated with a divergent boundary?

answer choices

hydrothermal vents

continental mountains

ridges

subduction trench

rifts

Q.

Oceanic-continental convergence causes new rock to form from freshly erupted magma. Which step is first?

answer choices

Rocks from the existing crust enter the mantle and undergo partial melting

The dense oceanic plate sinks beneath the buoyant continental plate, and water from the oceanic crust enters the mantle.

Continental and oceanic plates collide due to the movement of plates.

Once exposed to air, the magma cools rapidly into a solid form called rock.

The interaction of fluids and melted rocks produces molten magma. The magma breaks through Earth’s crust under enormous pressure.

Q.

Oceanic-continental convergence causes new rock to form from freshly erupted magma. Which step is last?

answer choices

Rocks from the existing crust enter the mantle and undergo partial melting

The dense oceanic plate sinks beneath the buoyant continental plate, and water from the oceanic crust enters the mantle.

Continental and oceanic plates collide due to the movement of plates.

Once exposed to air, the magma cools rapidly into a solid form called rock.

The interaction of fluids and melted rocks produces molten magma. The magma breaks through Earth’s crust under enormous pressure.

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