Having gene versions that are different
Having gene versions that are the same
A characteristic that all members of a species have
A specific characteristic of an individual organism
An instruction for making a protein molecule
Any difference in traits between individual organisms
A random change to a gene that sometimes results in a new trait
The part of the cell where the genes are located
An organism produced as a result of reproduction
The parts of the cell that build protein molecules based on instruction from genes
Each person in a family has the same traits. There are no differences in traits between parents and offspring or among siblings.
Traits, such as your hair or eye color, are determined by the proteins made by ribosomes in your body.
There are two genes that decide each of your traits, and those two genes are always exactly alike.
An offspring cannot have a trait if neither of its parents have it.
One wildcat in a family has a mutation for tooth sharpness, which means that there must have been a change in the wildcat's:
Rabbit friends (not related) have different shaped ears because:
How does an organism inherit every 2 copies of their genes?
Wolf 1 has copies of a gene that are different from each other.
Wolf 2 has copies of a gene that are the same as each other.
How does this affect the number of proteins each wolf has?
Two bears are unrelated but have the same proteins for ear shape. How will their ears compare with each other?
A tree frog has a mutation for their poison feature. This means:
A father sheep has curly wool while a mother sheep has straight wool. Which of these statements explains why one of their baby lambs has curly wool?
Three tigers have different parents. They all have the same proteins for stripe pattern in their cells. What can you say about the tigers' stripe patterns?
Two goldfish have different parents. One fish has a split tail and the other does not. Why do the goldfish have tails with different shapes?
A young goat has downward-curved horns. Its father has upward-curved horns while its mother has downward-curved horns. Which of these statements explains why the young goat has downward-curved horns?
Sh’qira reads an article about a family of wildcats. One of them had a mutation for tooth sharpness. Which of these statements about the wildcat with the mutation is true?
There are two junco birds that each have different proteins in their cells for beak pointiness. They have different parents. What can you say about the birds' beak pointiness?
Two rabbits have different parents. One rabbit has ears that flop over, and the other rabbit has ears that stand straight up. Why do the rabbits have ears with different shapes?
The body cells of scorpions have proteins that connect together. In one scorpion, the structure of the proteins in the body cells changed, but the amount of that type of protein in the cell stayed the same. What happened to the function of that type of protein?
Hannah is trying to figure out how tooth size is determined in two different wolves. In wolf 1, the copies of the gene are different from each other. In wolf 2, the copies of the gene are the same as each other. How does this affect how many types of proteins there are in each tooth cell?
There are two bears that both have the same proteins for ear shape in their cells. The bears have different parents. What can you say about the bears' ear shape?
Two fruit flies have different parents. One fruit fly has orange eyes while the other has red eyes. Why do the fruit flies have different eye colors?
A baby crawfish has a long tail. Its mother has a long tail while its father has a short tail. Which of these statements explains why the baby has a long tail?
Mosquitoes can have bigger or smaller body sizes. Two parents that have medium-sized bodies have offspring. One of their offspring has a small body, and one has a large body. How did the offspring end up with traits that are different from the traits of their parents? How did the gene combinations result in these traits?