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Which ancient civilization established the basis for Western democracy?
Important long-term contributions of ancient Greek and Roman civilizations are primarily found in the area of
economic policy and planning
government and law
Which type of political system did the people of ancient Athens value?
Why did the ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta develop different political systems?
The Byzantine Empire dictated government policies.
Foreign travelers introduced new philosophies.
The mountainous topography resulted in the isolation of these city-states.
For over three centuries, civil wars raged in these city-states.
Olympic games, the poems of Homer, and Hellenistic culture are associated with which ancient civilization?
What was one cause of the development of many small independent city-states in ancient Greece?
Greece and Rome were often at war.
The mountainous terrain of Greece resulted in widely scattered settlements.
Military leaders found small Greek settlements easy to control.
The Greek people had many different languages and religions.
Which statement about Greek civilization is an opinion rather than a fact?
Boys in Sparta were trained to be soldiers.
Athens had a better culture than that of Sparta.
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were Greek philosophers.
Many adults in Athens did not have the right to vote.
Which statement most likely represents the view of a citizen of ancient Athens visiting Sparta?
"The government and society in Sparta are so strict. The people have little voice in government."
"I feel as though I have never left home. Everything here is the same as it is in Athens."
"This society allows for more freedom of expression than I have ever experienced in Athens."
"I have never heard of a society like Sparta that believes in only one God."
What was one of the most important contributions of the Greek city-state of Athens?
development of direct democracy
diffusion of a monotheistic belief system
promotion of the equality of all humans
creation of a writing system using hieroglyphics
Which statement about ancient Greece is an opinion rather than a fact?
Mountainous terrain was an obstacle to Greek political unity.
The Spartan culture placed an emphasis on military skills.
Athens granted voting rights to male citizens only.
Greek architecture was superior to Persian architecture.