QUIZ
Protein Synthesis and Mutations
mkolen_55439
8 days ago
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  • Question 1
    120 seconds
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    Q. What are the three components of a nucleotide?
    answer choices
    sugar, hydrogen, nitrogen base
    sugar, oxygen, nitrogen base
    sugar, phosphate, nitrogen base
    sugar, phosphate, protein
  • Question 2
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    Q.

    In DNA replication, if the original sequence reads AATTTGCG, the complementary DNA strand would read?

    answer choices

    AAUUUCGC

    AATTTGCG

    TTAAACGC

    UUAAACGC

  • Question 3
    120 seconds
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    Q.

    In which of the following ways does genetic information typically flow in an organism?

    answer choices

    trait --> proteins --> RNA --> DNA

    RNA --> trait -->protein --> DNA

    DNA --> RNA --> protein --> trait

    DNA --> protein --> trait--> RNA

  • Question 4
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    Q. What are the building blocks of proteins called?
    answer choices
    DNA
    RNA
    Ribosomes
    Amino Acids
  • Question 5
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    Q.

    What term describes when mRNA is read 3 consecutive letters (bases) at a time and it codes for a single amino acid?

    answer choices

    Codon

    Anticodon

    Polypeptide

    Gene

  • Question 6
    120 seconds
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    Q.

    Which choice below correctly summarizes the base-pairing rules in RNA?

    answer choices

    A-G

    C-T

    A-C

    T-G

    A-U

    C-G

    A-T

    C-G

  • Question 7
    120 seconds
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    Q. How would the DNA sequence GCTATA be transcribed to mRNA?
    answer choices
    GCUAUA
    CGATAT
    CGAUAU
    GCUTUT
  • Question 8
    120 seconds
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    Q.

    Which of the following is true regarding the process shown in the image?

    answer choices

    The process shown above is known as cloning and involves the production of RNA from protein molecules.

    The process shown above is known as replication and involves the production of DNA from RNA.

    The process shown above is known as transcription and involves the production of proteins from DNA.

    The process shown above is known as translation and involves the production of proteins from RNA.

  • Question 9
    120 seconds
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    Q. What process is going on in this photo? 
    answer choices
    Transcription 
    Translation 
    Replication 
    All the above 
  • Question 10
    120 seconds
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    Q. The main function of tRNA is to...
    answer choices
    carry a message that, when translated, forms proteins
    form a portion of ribosomes
    string together complementary RNA and DNA strands
    bring amino acids from the cytoplasm to the ribosomes
  • Question 11
    120 seconds
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    Q.

    Which component of the DNA molecule provides instructions for the production of the protein and determines the traits of the organism?

    answer choices

    The phosphate group

    The sugar molecule

    The sequence of nitrogen bases

    The hydrogen bonds that hold the sugars to the bases

  • Question 12
    120 seconds
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    Q.

    What is the role of mRNA in expressing specialized structures?

    answer choices

    Making energy available for cellular activities

    Creating bonds to from biomolecules

    Producing sugars that assist with replication

    Providing information to form proteins

  • Question 13
    120 seconds
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    Q.

    What is the purpose of the cellular process shown in the image?

    answer choices

    Preserving genetic information for future generations

    Deleting the information in the sequence produced from the DNA template

    Transcribing information in the DNA sequence for use by the cell

    Producing more nucleotides for the DNA sequence

  • Question 14
    120 seconds
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    Q.

    If the mRNA codons read ACA-GUA-GAA-UUG-AUC, what amino acids make up the protein sequence?

    answer choices

    Cys-Val-Gly-Ser-Stop

    Cys-His-Leu-Asn-Stop

    Thre-Val-Glu-Leu-Iso

    None of the above

  • Question 15
    120 seconds
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    Q.

    What type of biomolecule is being produced in the image?

    answer choices

    Carbohydrate

    Lipid

    Nucleic Acid

    Protein

  • Question 16
    120 seconds
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    Q.

    Once the DNA is copied into RNA, it goes to what organelle to begin protein synthesis?

    answer choices

    nucleus

    rIbosome

    cytoplasm

    centriole

  • Question 17
    120 seconds
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    Q. Which of the following statements about the genetic code is true?
    answer choices
    A codon can specify more than one amino acid
    Every codon specifies a different amino acid
    Some codons specify the same amino acid
    Some codons have no function at all
  • Question 18
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    When using your codon chart, what sequence can you use to find the correct amino acid?

    answer choices

    DNA

    mRNA

    tRNA

    Any of these will do

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