QUIZ
Rocks and Minerals
mrs_haught
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  • Question 1
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    Q. A mineral is inorganic, which means that it contains ______.
    answer choices
    materials made by humans
    parts of living things
    NO materials that were once part of living things
  • Question 2
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    Q. The repreating pattern of a mineral's particles forms a solid called a(n) _____. <br />
    answer choices
    crystal
    element
    compound
  • Question 3
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    Q. ____is the hardest known mineral.
    answer choices
    Talc
    Gold
    Diamond
  • Question 4
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    Q. Most minerals do NOT split apart evenly. Instead, they have a characteristic type of ____.
    answer choices
    Cleavage
    Fracture
    Luster
  • Question 5
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    Q. The softest mineral on the Mohs hardness scale is ____
    answer choices
    Talc
    Gold
    Diamond
  • Question 6
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    Q. Igneous rock that cools very quickly when it forms has a texture that is ____.
    answer choices
    Smooth and Shiny with no visible grain
    Coarse Grained
    Made up of jagged grains
  • Question 7
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    Q. When all the grains in a rock are large and easy to see, the rock is described as ____.
    answer choices
    Fine Grained
    Nonbanded
    Coarse Grained
  • Question 8
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    Q. To describe a rock’s texture, geologists determine ____
    answer choices
    How the rock formed
    How many minerals the rock contains
    The size, shape, and pattern of the rock's grains
  • Question 9
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    Q. Rock that forms from the cooling of magma below the surface or lava at the surface is called ____rock
    answer choices
    Sedimentary
    Metamorphic
    Igneous
  • Question 10
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    Q. Igneous rock that formed from lava that erupted onto Earth’s surface is called ____rock.
    answer choices
    Extrusive
    Intrusive
    Clastic
  • Question 11
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    Q. ____is the process in which running water, wind or ice loosen and carry away rock fragments.
    answer choices
    Deposition
    Cementation
    Erosion
  • Question 12
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    Q. ____rocks have their grains arranged in parallel layers or bands
    answer choices
    Foliated
    Nonfoliated
    Conglomerate
  • Question 13
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    Q. Heat and pressure deep beneath Earth’s surface can change any rock into ____.
    answer choices
    Chemical Rock
    Sedimentary Rock
    Metamorphic Rock
  • Question 14
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    Q. A series of processes on Earth’s surface and in the crust and mantle that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another is called
    answer choices
    The Rock Cycle
    Crystallization
    Evaporation
  • Question 15
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    Q. Shiny, metallic and pearly are terms used to describe ____.
    answer choices
    Streak
    Luster
    Density
  • Question 16
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    Q. A mineral with a hardness of 6 will scratch a mineral with a hardness of ____________________ than 6.
    answer choices
    Greater than
    Less than
    Equal to
  • Question 17
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    Q. Igneous rocks that formed beneath Earth’s surface are ____________________ rocks.
    answer choices
    Extrusive
    Intrusive
    Clastic
  • Question 18
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    Q. High pressure can change an igneous rock into a(an) ____________________ rock.
    answer choices
    Igneous Rock
    Sedimentary Rock
    Metamorphic Rock
  • Question 19
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    Q. Dissolved minerals and particles of sediment stick together to form sedimentary rock in a process called ____________________.
    answer choices
    Erosion
    Cementation
    Deposition
  • Question 20
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    Q. The carrying away of rock fragments by water, wind, or ice is called ____________________, an important process in the formation of sedimentary rocks.
    answer choices
    Erosion
    Cementation
    Deposition
  • Question 21
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    Q. Small, solid pieces of material that come from rocks or living things are called ____________________.
    answer choices
    Ore
    Gems
    Sediments
  • Question 22
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    Q. ____________________ is the process by which sediment settles out of wind or water.
    answer choices
    Erosion
    Cementation
    Deposition
  • Question 23
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    Q.  A rounded, hollow rock that is often lined with mineral crystals is a ____________________.
    answer choices
    Geode
    Ore
    Gemstone
  • Question 24
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    Q. The repeating pattern of a mineral's particles form a solid called a(n) ___.<br />
    answer choices
    Element
    Crystal
    Compound
  • Question 25
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    Q. What process causes minerals to form in a shallow lake during dry conditions?
    answer choices
    Melting
    Evaporation
    Condensation
  • Question 26
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    Q. What process causes crystallization of minerals from magma?
    answer choices
    Cooling
    Melting
    Evaporation
  • Question 27
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    Q. Igneous rock that formed from lava that erupted on Earth's surface is ____.
    answer choices
    Extrusive Rock
    Intrusive Rock
    Clastic Rock
  • Question 28
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    Q. A ___ is a narrow channel or slab of a mineral that is sharply different from the surrounding rock.
    answer choices
    Fracture
    Crystal
    Vein
  • Question 29
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    Q. A process that occurs on Earth's surface slowly changing rock from one kind to another is ____.
    answer choices
    Crystallization
    The Rock Cycle
    Morphication
  • Question 30
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    Q. Which of the following is NOT one of the six crystal structures.
    answer choices
    Cubic
    Triclinic
    Spheric
  • Question 31
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    Q. Which is NOT a property of grain texture used when determining mineral composition.
    answer choices
    Size
    Shape
    Density
  • Question 32
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    Q. Particles of minerals called ____ give a rock its texture.
    answer choices
    Grains
    Chunks
    Shale
  • Question 33
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    Q. The correct formula for density is ___.
    answer choices
    d=m/v
    d=m*v
    d=m+v
  • Question 34
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    Q. When a mineral breaks easily along a flat surface this is called ___.
    answer choices
    Fracture
    Cleavage
    Streak
  • Question 35
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    Q. This is measured using a scale that ranks ten minerals by strength (scratching different objects).
    answer choices
    Hardness
    Density
    Luster
  • Question 36
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    Q. This is how light is reflected from a minerals surface.
    answer choices
    Color
    Streak
    Luster
  • Question 37
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    Q. This characteristic can only be used to identify a few minerals.
    answer choices
    Color
    Streak
    Luster
  • Question 38
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    Q. This characteristic looks at the color of mineral's powder.
    answer choices
    Color
    Streak
    Luster
  • Question 39
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    Q. A rounded, hollow rock that is often lined with mineral crystals.
    answer choices
    Gemstone
    Geode
    Ore
  • Question 40
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    Q. One way that minerals form is by the crystallization of cooling _____.
    answer choices
    Water
    Magma
    Metal
  • Question 41
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    Q. A hard colorful mineral that has a glossy luster is a(n)
    answer choices
    Ore
    Metal
    Gemstone
  • Question 42
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    Q. Extrusive rocks form from lava that erupts on the Earth’s surface.
    answer choices
    true
    false
  • Question 43
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    Q. The deeper a rock is buried in the crust, the less pressure there is on the rock.
    answer choices
    true
    false
  • Question 44
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    Q. Intrusive rocks form when magma hardens underground.
    answer choices
    true
    false
  • Question 45
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    Q. Compaction refers to when dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together
    answer choices
    true
    false
  • Question 46
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    Q. Sedimentary rocks form when particles are deposited by water and wind.
    answer choices
    true
    false
  • Question 47
    Ungraded
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    Q. How do you feel about your knowledge of rocks and minerals after this unit?
    no correct answer
    Great - I got it and I feel pretty confident about the topic.
    So-So - I feel like I have most of it but I am still shaky on a few topics.
    Not Good - I feel like I am missing a lot or am completely confused and lost.
  • Question 48
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    180 seconds
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    Q.

    Is there anything in this unit that you learned that was not on this review that you would like to share?

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