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Self reports: Questionnaires
misswood76
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    A likert scale question is a type of closed question which asks participants to...

    answer choices

    Mark how they feel or what they think about an issue by indicating their position between two polar opposites such as secure at one end of the scale and insecure at the other end.

    Indicate the extent to which they agree which a statement by circling or ticking a box where the options range from strongly disagree to strongly agree

    give a detailed answer in their own words

    order a series of items in terms, of how important they are to them

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    A semantic differential is a type of closed question which assesses attitudes, opinions an feelings by asking participants to...

    answer choices

    Mark how they feel or what they think about an issue by indicating their position between two polar opposites such as secure at one end of the scale and insecure at the other end.

    Indicate the extent to which they agree which a statement by circling or ticking a box where the options range from strongly disagree to strongly agree

    give a detailed answer in their own words

    order a series of items in terms, of how important they are to them

  • Question 3
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    Q.

    The use of standardised instructions is important as this improves the...

    answer choices

    subjectivity of the results

    reliability of the results

    external validity of the results

    analysis of the results

  • Question 4
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    Q.

    Ethical considerations relating to questionnaires include

    answer choices

    ensuring that participants do not have to waste their time asking irrelevant questions

    ensuring that the participants understands that they have the right to withdraw and know how to contact the researcher in case they change their mind

    ensuring that data is stored securely, that participants confidentiality is maintained and that data is not used for any purpose other than the current research

    all of these options

  • Question 5
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    Q.

    It is important that questionnaires are not too long as this could jeopardise...

    answer choices

    the validity of the responses given

    the reliability of the responses given

    the objectivity of the responses given

    the ethics of the study

  • Question 6
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    Q.

    A frequent problem with closed questions is that researchers do not consider the full range of answers that a participant may wish to give meaning Pps are forced to give answers which do not reflect their experiences. This limits the ...

    answer choices

    the validity of the study

    the reliability of the study

    the objectivity of the study

    the ethics of the study

  • Question 7
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    Q.

    Questionnaires can be subject to demand characteristics. This is because...

    answer choices

    It is hard to design questions which do not give away what the study is about

    it is not ethical to ‘hide’ critical questions away amidst lots of irrelevant items

    participants are always told the exact aim and hypothesis in questionnaire studies

    the researcher is usually with the participant when they fill the questionnaire in

  • Question 8
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    Q.

    Questionnaire are deemed to have fairly high reliability because...

    answer choices

    they ask a wide range of questions which allow the researcher to access a lot of information

    they can be given to a large number of people

    they can be administered under controlled conditions and following a standardised format which means that they can be replicated

    participants are often allowed the opportunity to express their thoughts, feeling and opinions in their own words and this provides rich and detailed information.

  • Question 9
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    Q.

    The validity of questionnaires including fixed responses (closed) questions may be dubious unless...

    answer choices

    a large number of questionnaires are issued

    the researcher conducts a pilot study first and asks for feedback on the range of alternative answers provided

    the researcher conducts a focus group first where potential participants can discuss the general research aims and give their ideas about how the questions and answers should be phrased

    the results can be replicated

  • Question 10
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    Q.

    Qualitative data is analysed by...

    answer choices

    examining the participants responses very carefully and searching for themes and relationships between the themes.

    calculating percentages, measures of central tendency and measures of dispersion

    drawing flow charts and other diagrams

    constructing tables and graphs

  • Question 11
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    Quantitative data is analysed by...

    answer choices

    examining the participants responses very carefully and searching for themes and relationships between the themes.

    calculating percentages, measures of central tendency and measures of dispersion

    drawing flow charts and other diagrams

    constructing tables and graphs

  • Question 12
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    Q.

    A strength of qualitative data is that ...

    answer choices

    It is easy to replicate

    It is easy to analyse

    It is not constrained by the researcher’s expectations

    it is not affected by leading questions

  • Question 13
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    Q.

    A weakness of qualitative data is that...

    answer choices

    it can be considered unscientific because the focus is on the construction of meaning and this is individual to both the participant and to the researcher

    it can be considered subjective as the researcher selects quotes which support emergent themes

    it is not easy to replicate and thus reliability may be hard to establish

    it is very detailed and some of the things participants say might be meaningless

  • Question 14
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    Q.

    A strength of quantitative data is that it is...

    answer choices

    easy to analyse

    easy to replicate

    generally valid

    generalisable

  • Question 15
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    Q.

    Questionnaires contain only closed questions

    answer choices

    true

    false

  • Question 16
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    A good questionnaire, i.e that produces valid data may contain...

    answer choices

    leading questions

    open questions

    ambiguous questions

    irrelevant (filler) questions

  • Question 17
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    Q.

    Complex, probing or personal questions generally should come....

    answer choices

    later in the questionaire

    earlier in the questionnaire

  • Question 18
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Which of the following is a good idea in order to improve the validity of your questionnaire?

    answer choices

    a pilot study

    large sample

    leading questions

    double-barrelled questions

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