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Which was not true of the Renaissance?
People believed in their power as an individual
People desired new knowledge
People refused to question the authority of the Church
People inquired into science and other learnings
Even though Florence was a republic, in reality it was dominated by __________ during the Renaissance.
Which statement best summarizes John Calvin’s political philosophy?
A government run by the elect will best uphold Biblical teachings and divine law.
An absolute monarch rules by divine right.
The Pope is the representative of God on Earth and thus the highest ruling authority.
All earthly governments are corrupt and should be rejected.
*Emergence of humanist philosophy
*Questioning political and religious norms
*Diminishing power of the Pope
Which of the following would be the best title for the above graphic?
Catholic Art Accepts Renaissance Changes
Renaissance Governments Establish Overseas Empires
Impact of the Printing Press on Western Europe
Renaissance Power Shifts from the Catholic Church to Secular Leaders
Which of the following is not true of Raphael’s painting The School of Athens?
it exemplifies the Catholic response to the Protestand Reformation
it demonstrates the connection between the Renaissance and the Classical Greeks
it demonstrates perspective as an artistic technique because it has a vanishing point
it exemplifies humanism because it focuses on the people in the image
Which of the following pieces of art is from the Classical Period and why?
A, because of its vivid use of colors
B, because it is a religious painting
C, because of the realistic detail of the hands
D, because of it is a free-standing statue depicting a realistic human form
Image A is a painting from the Renaissance. How do we know this to be true?
The figures are perfectly formed.
The characters are rigid and stiff.
The use of perspective and the clearly developed background.
The people are draped with clothing.
In what time period did image B originate?
Ancient River Valley Civilizations
In his work The Prince, what is meant by Machiavelli’s belief that the “end justifies the means”?
Leaders may use any method to achieve what is best for the state
The general public always acts in its own best interest
Pleasing all of the people at any given time is possible
Leaders must always act for the common good
How did Johann Gutenberg’s invention of a printing press with movable type affect Europeans?
It discouraged the use of vernacular languages in books.
It led to widespread unemployment among the monks who had once copied manuscripts by hand.
It allowed the mass production of printed books, which encouraged the spread of new
It unified the German states behind the Roman Catholic Church.
- Leonardo da Vinci used movement and perspective in his work
- Machiavelli’s The Prince advised rulers on how to gain and maintain power
- humanist scholars examined worldly subjects and classical culture
Which period is associated with the statements above?
All of the following are ideas that caused the Reformation except
Indulgences cannot buy a person’s way into heaven
The individual can most determine his own faith
Church leaders were living in too much poverty
The clergy is not needed for one’s salvation
What was a major result of the Reformation?
Religious teachings were no longer allowed in universities
The Crusades were organized
New Christian denominations emerged
The power of the Pope was strengthened
What is a valid conclusion based on a study of European art during the Renaissance?
Emphasis on artistic creativity can discourage a society from pursuing reforms
The development of guilds prevented artistic creativity
The presence of a wealthy leisure class contributes to artistic development
An economy based on subsistence agriculture encourages artistic development
Which Renaissance theme is depicted by the images above?
The Catholic Church’s censorship of art
The rebirth of Classical Greek and Roman ideals
The empowering of women in the political world
The increasing power of the Catholic Church
“Kings and princes coin money only out of metals, but the Pope coins money out of everything-indulgences, ceremonies, dispensations, pardons; all fish come to his net.”
The activities by the Pope in this passage led directly to
the Commercial Revolution
the Catholic Counter Reformation
the Protestant Reformation
Which of the following is the best comparison of the Catholic art on the left and Protestant art on the right during the Early Modern period?
neither showed much of a concern for attempting to depict religious subjects
while their objectives were different, both used religious subjects to try to influence people
Protestant art never used color while Catholic art did
Catholic art did not focus on painting while Protestant art did
* Interest in classical works increases
* Religious dissent becomes difficult to stop
* Secular ideas spread
Which innovation led directly to these developments?
The caravel ship
A major reason the Renaissance began in Italy was that
Italian city-states had grown wealthy from trade between Europe and Asia
farmers produced great agricultural surpluses on vast plains
merchants supported the Protestant Reformation
many European scholars had migrated to this area
In Europe, a major characteristic of humanism was:
A belief in the supremacy of the state in relation to individual rights
A rejection of ancient civilizations and their cultures
An emphasis on social control and obedience to rulers
An appreciation for the basic worth of individual achievement
The Golden Age of Greece and the Renaissance in Europe were both mainly characterized by:
Social reform and upheaval
Artistic and literary achievements
* Artist, architect, mathematician
* Studied anatomy to draw more realistic human figures
* Painted a mural of the Last Supper
* Painted the portrait known as the Mona Lisa
The information on the chart above best describes which of these individuals in the Renaissance?
Leonardo da Vinci
“Unless I am convinced by Scripture and plain reason... my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything, for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise.”
--Martin Luther, Diet of Worms (1517)
When Martin Luther said “my conscience is captive to the Word of God”, he was referring to his belief in:
The need for the sale of indulgences
Maintaining the unity of the Church
Imprisoning those who disagreed with Church teachings
The supremacy of the Bible over Church policies
In the early 1500’s, Martin Luther’s 95 Theses, Henry VIII’s Act of Supremacy, and John Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion contributed to
a major conflict among Eastern Orthodox Christians
the growing power of the feudal nobility in Europe
an increased sense of nationalism in Tudor England
a decline in the power of the Catholic Church
John Calvin preached that salvation was granted by: