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Assigning stereotypes is often described as...
Conscious decision making
Unconscious and automatic
We place people into categories based on our previous experiences using our existing...
We use schemas to help us to respond to new situations ...
The media, parents, and other members of our culture are some examples of
Stereotypes can be positive or negative
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One theory of the formation of stereotypes argues that an experience with an individual from a group will then be generalized to the group.
grain of truth hypothesis
When people see a relationship between two variables even when there is none.
grain of truth hypothesis
Who carried out an experiment where participants listened to a series of statements made about people from two groups - simply called group A and B.
Hamilton and Gifford
Tajfel and Turner
Once illusory correlations are made, people tend to seek out or remember information that supports this relationship. What is this known as?
What are 2 effects of stereotypes?
Self fulfilling Prophecy
Grain of Truth Hypothesis
A situation where there is a threat of being judged or treated stereotypically, or a fear of doing something that would inadvertently confirm that stereotype. This is known as...
A commonly held stereotype is that women are less able than men in which academic subject?
What were the 3 experimental conditions in Steele and Arronson's study non the effect of stereotype threat African American students.
Stereotype threat condition
Non-stereotype threat condition
Over how many studies demonstrate the effect of stereotype threat?
George sees a Swedish tourist at his local restaurant. He watches as the tourist argues with the waiter about the bill. When the tourist realizes that the mistake is his, and not the waiter’s, he does not apologize, but storms out of the restaurant. George thinks that all Swedish tourists are rude. Which theory or concept below explains what just happened?
Grain of Truth hypothesis
What is a key limitation of Hamilton & Gifford’s (1976) study?
It cannot be replicated.
It used nationalities for which the participants may have already had stereotypes.
The test itself was highly artificial and may not predict what happens in the "real world."
The number of slides were not the same for both groups which means that the data is not comparable.
In a study of geography skills, John was asked to read an article about how poorly American score on world geography tests compared to Europeans. He doesn’t believe that the article is true. What can we predict will be the results of his geography test?
He will do poorly due to stereotype threat.
He will not do poorly because he doesn't believe in the stereotype.
He will do really well in order to prove that the stereotype is incorrect.
His anxiety will rise and he will not be able to take the test.
What was the research method used in Hamilton and Giffords 1976 study?
Which aspect of the Social Identity Theory is central to understanding how stereotypes are formed and why we discriminate against others?