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Unit 4 - Political Geography (Ch. 8)
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Most ________ states gained independence after 1940.

    answer choices

    South American

    European

    East Asian

    African

  • Question 2
    60 seconds
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    Q.

    Based on the data in the table, which of the following is a possible impact of ethnic and religious diversity in Iraq?

    answer choices

    Ethnicity and religion act as centripetal forces in the country by creating a common Iraqi identity among the population.

    Ethnicity and religion facilitate democratization in the country by motivating participation in elections.

    Ethnicity and religion promote economic development in the country by generating national pride in the country’s accomplishments.

    Ethnicity and religion lead to devolutionary pressures in the country by politically dividing regions.

    Ethnicity and religion increase cultural cohesion in the country by promoting shared political ideology.

  • Question 3
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    When not all people within a state identify with the dominant sense of nationality, movements for separation of nation and territory may arise. All of the following are examples EXCEPT:

    answer choices

    Quebecois, in Canada

    the Basques, in Spain

    the Kurds, in the Middle East

    Jews, in Israel

  • Question 4
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Kurdistan is:

    answer choices

    a sovereign nation bordered by Iraq & Turkey.

    a stateless nation.

    governed by Russia.

    governed by Israel

  • Question 5
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Which of the following is the correct organizational scale for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)?

    answer choices

    global

    supranational

    national

    state

    local

  • Question 6
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    The European state idea spread throughout the world through

    answer choices

    relocation diffusion

    economic development

    League of Nations planning

    contagious diffusion

  • Question 7
    60 seconds
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    Q.

    Based on the map, which of the following can be identified as a true statement about Northern Ireland?

    answer choices

    It is unified with the rest of the island to form a sovereign nation-state.

    It forms its own sovereign nation-state predominately made up of the Irish ethnic group.

    It is a frontier that is not formally part of a state, but the United Kingdom claims the area.

    It is physically separate from the rest of the United Kingdom, a multinational state.

    It is a stateless nation, as the entire island of Ireland is under the control of the United Kingdom.

  • Question 8
    60 seconds
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    Q.

    Which of the following possible political effects is implied by the data in the table?

    answer choices

    The country’s high level of economic development acts as a centripetal force holding the state together.

    The high level of economic difference between the regions in Italy acts as a devolutionary force.

    The low level of economic difference between regions in Italy acts as a centripetal force holding the state together.

    The low level of economic difference between regions in Italy promotes devolutionary movements in some parts of Italy.

    The country’s low level of economic development promotes centrifugal forces tearing the state apart.

  • Question 9
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    One of the most powerful impacts of colonialism was the construction of a global order characterized by great differences in

    answer choices

    population

    military and agricultural power.

    economic and political power.

    religious and economic power

  • Question 10
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    The highly uneven distribution of economic and political power that developed from colonialism was due to the concentration of wealth brought back to

    answer choices

    North America

    Asia

    Europe

    Africa

  • Question 11
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Wallerstein’s views expressed in world systems theory hold that the global integrating force has been

    answer choices

    capitalism.

    the rise of the U.N.

    socialism

    colonial independence movements

  • Question 12
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    Which of the following best explains why the region of Catalonia in Spain could be a viable country?

    answer choices

    Catalonia is linguistically distinct compared to other regions in Spain.

    Catalonia is well developed economically compared to other regions in Spain.

    Catalonia's population is ethnically distinct compared to other regions in Spain.

    Catalonia has a large population compared to other regions in Spain.

    Catalonia has a major city, Barcelona, which has a notoriety comparable to that of the Spanish capital, Madrid.

  • Question 13
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    Which of the following terms identifies the type of regions shown in the dark gray-shaded areas on the map?

    answer choices

    Functional regions

    Urban regions

    Physical regions

    Vernacular region

    Semiautonomous regions

  • Question 14
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    __________ is an example of a country which was never a classical colonial power.

    answer choices

    Singapore

    Portugal

    Spain

    Great Britain

  • Question 15
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    The boundaries of independent African states were drawn at the Berlin Conference and were essentially drawn

    answer choices

    without regard for ethnic divisions.

    with great respect for ethnic groups.

    along religious lines

    along geographical lines

  • Question 16
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    According to Hartshorne, forces that help build unity in a state are called:

    answer choices

    centrifugal

    devolutionary

    religious diversity

    centripetal

  • Question 17
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Nigeria is a state with a federal system of government. This fact is reflected in the adoption of _________ law in the states of the Muslim North.

    answer choices

    British Common

    Nigerian Federal

    Sharia

    local tribal

  • Question 18
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The movement of power from the central government to regional governments is referred to as ___

    answer choices

    revolution

    pluralism

    supranationalism

    devolution

  • Question 19
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    Owing to their localized geography or their locations on islands or peninsulas, many small political entities such as those labeled on the political map of the world can be identified as

    answer choices

    federal states

    autonomous republics

    multi-state nations

    nation-states

    colonial territories

  • Question 20
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    Scotland and Wales are to the UK as ____________ are to Spain.

    answer choices

    Basque and Catalonia

    Kaliningrad and Lithuania

    Honolulu and Guadalajara

    South Korea and Cairo

  • Question 21
    120 seconds
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    Q.

    Based on the map above, which of the following best explains the implications of physical geography as the Kurds continue to struggle for an independent state in their ethnic homeland?

    answer choices

    Israel, Turkey, and Russia have voiced their support for an independent Kurdistan in areas with a majority Kurdish population, showing potential validation for Kurdistan.

    In September 2017 a public referendum was carried out that demonstrated that a majority of Kurds overwhelmingly support independence.

    Most areas with a Kurdish majority population are landlocked and therefore dependent on good relationships with their neighbors in order to access trade and prosper economically.

    Even in areas with a Kurdish minority population, Kurdish people have their own unique culture and identity separately from the states in which their nation is located.

    Unstable oil prices have created economic problems both in parts of the region with a Kurdish majority population and in parts with a Kurdish minority, leaving the Kurdistan Regional Government weakened and struggling to pay off debt. 

  • Question 22
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    An official boundary between countries is a

    answer choices

    line on the ground only

    line shown only on maps

    point of separation on and below the surface only.

    vertical plane that cuts through the rocks below and air above.

  • Question 23
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    Which is an example of an allocational boundary dispute?

    answer choices

    dispute over the interpretation of boundary treaty terminology

    dispute over boundaries not covered by a treaty (e.g. Yemen-Saudi Arabia)

    dispute over the function of a boundary with regard to migration

    dispute over rights to resources (e.g. oil, water) crossed by international boundaries

  • Question 24
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    Geometric boundaries, totally unrelated to any aspects of the cultural or physical landscape, were made considerable use of by the European colonial powers in

    answer choices

    Asia

    South America

    North America

    Africa

  • Question 25
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    In 1943, Sir Alfred Mackinder wrote about his heartland theory, expressing concerns over the potential of Stalin’s control of the countries of Eastern Europe. His views led to the development of the United States’ containment policy and to the establishment of

    answer choices

    friendly relationships with China

    the United Nations

    N.A.T.O.

    the Berlin Wall

  • Question 26
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    The map above shows the countries in Africa where private investors and foreign governments have leased farmland for large-scale commercial farming. Usually much of the food produced is bound for wealthier nations. This practice is an example of

    answer choices

    decolonization

    Pan-Africanism

    neocolonialism

    imperialism

    irredentism

  • Question 27
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Technically supranationalism refers to efforts by ______ or more states to forge associations for common advantage and in pursuit of common goals.

    answer choices

    2

    3

    4

    5

  • Question 28
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    Participation in the United Nations serves the useful purpose of committing states to do all of the following EXCEPT:

    answer choices

    work together to prevent conflict

    agree to world laws

    respect international standards of behavior.

    accept present political boundaries.

  • Question 29
    60 seconds
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    Q.

    Which of the following best explains the political pattern shown in the table?

    answer choices

    The devolution of Yugoslavia occurred primarily along national lines, resulting in countries with a defined ethnic majority.

    The breakup of Yugoslavia was the result of a civil war in which ethnic groups fought for control of the capital of Belgrade in Serbia.

    The Balkanization of Yugoslavia resulted in the formation of new ethnic nationalities divided by differences in religion and language.

    The dissolution of Yugoslavia resulted in some ethnic groups being aligned with capitalist Western Europe and others being aligned with communist Eastern Europe.

    The downfall of Yugoslavia was a case of ethnic differences becoming a centripetal force in the formation of a multistate nation.

  • Question 30
    45 seconds
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    Q.

    The European Union’s future expansion into the Muslim realm by the inclusion of __________ is highly controversial and strongly opposed by Greece.

    answer choices

    Saudi Arabia

    Bosnia

    Algeria

    Turkey

  • Question 31
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    According to Alexander Murphy, attachment to region and to the European Union is greater than attachment to the state in

    answer choices

    Britain

    Benelux

    Switzerland

    Yugoslavia.

  • Question 32
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The shape of North Carolina’s Twelfth Congressional District, shown above, is most likely the result of

    answer choices

    watershed boundaries

    gerrymandering

    county boundaries

    decentralization

    amalgamation

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