According to Dr Minna, first language acquisition for children is usually based on what they listen to or hear first.
Children learn small chunks of their native language because they haven't acquired complex syntactical structures.
According to Prof Marjo Mitsutomi, personality and learning styles have no influence on second language learning.
Studies have shown that learning L2 can lead to a native-like standard.
In Dr Minna's study, she found that all native English speakers know all grammatical structures of their native language.
According to the speakers, acquiring L1 and L2 is difficult, takes a lot of time and effort as well as about making mistakes.
The Chaos theory states that language learning is dynamic, non-linear, adaptive and feedback sensitive.
Authentic context is unneccessary for L2 learners to make meaning in language learning.
A recent concern in L2 acquisition is the notion of inter-language.
An inter-language is based on the learners' experiences with the L2 based on L1 transfer which can lead to fossilization.