Hazard Management
10 minutes ago
elang_45421
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What is a hazard?

    answer choices

    A potential danger or risk caused by natural or human causes and has the potential to cause loss of life, injury, property, socio-economic disruption.

    A catastrophic event that causes serious loss of life or disruption to a community.

    Natural factors that cause loss of human life.

    Cultural factors causing a large disruption to the economic and social functioning of an area.

  • Question 2
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    Q.

    Which three factors combine to make a hazard a disaster?

    answer choices

    Causes severe damage and endangers lives

    A country that has a small defense force and police force.

    Event occurs near property and population.

    An area that is very vulnerable due to low income, lack of emergency plans and few preventative measures.

  • Question 3
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    Q.

    Which of the following are natural hazards?

    answer choices

    Geomorphic eg. volcano and tsunami

    Atmospheric eg. trpoical cyclone, heat wave,bush fire

    Technological hazards eg. train crash, oil spill, nuclear explosion.

    Hyrogical eg. drought, flood.

  • Question 4
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    Q.

    Spatial distribution refers to

    answer choices

    how features or objects are arranged on the earth's surface.

    how two features are linked in a similar pattern on the earth's surface.

    how planets are arranged.

    the arrangement of features over time.

  • Question 5
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    Q.

    The measurement of the strength or intensity of a hazard is

    answer choices

    magnitude

    duration

    frequency

    scale of impact

  • Question 6
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    Q.

    The length of time people are exposed to a hazard can affect the impact of the hazard. This is known as the hazard

    answer choices

    magnitude

    duration

    frequency

    probability

  • Question 7
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    Q.

    The number of times an area experiences the hazard is known as the hazard

    answer choices

    frequency

    magnitude

    duration

    probability

  • Question 8
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    Q.

    If a country tries to mitigate the impact. of a hazard it

    answer choices

    develops strategies and plans to reduce the severity of the hazard.

    reduces the economic impact of the hazard.

    develops strategies to protect natural vegetation from the hazard.

    reduces the social impact of a hazard.

  • Question 9
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    Q.

    What does risk mean?

    answer choices

    How strong the hazard is.

    A person performing a dangerous act.

    the probability of a hazard causing harmful consequences on people.

    how exposed people are to the hazard.

  • Question 10
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    Q.

    Risk can be thought of or calulated by

    answer choices

    strength of the hazard x size of the population

    vulnerability / size of population

    hazard x damage caused

    hazard x vulnerability

  • Question 11
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    Q.

    What factors affect the level of vulnerability?

    answer choices

    Level of affluence ( wealth) of population

    Education concerning hazard.

    Health and age of population

    Emergency infrastructure and warning systems

    Human actions that increase hazard eg. deforestation, building on slopes.

  • Question 12
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    Q.

    What are the three stages of risk management?

    answer choices

    identify, manage, recovery

    spatial, technical, economic.

    pre-disaster- mitigation, prevention,prepare.

    During disaster- response

    Post disaster- recovery, relief, rescue and rehabilitation.

    mitiagtion

    prevention

    preparedness

  • Question 13
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    Q. What is the difference between a natural hazard and a natural disaster? 
    answer choices
    They are exactly the same 
    A hazard is what could happen, a disaster is after it has an impact on humans
    I disaster is what could happen, a hazard is after it has an impact on humans 
    Hurricanes and tsunamis are natural disasters, but earthquakes and volcanoes are hazards
  • Question 14
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    Q. What technologies currently exist to mitigate the effect of hurricanes?
    answer choices
    There is currently no technology 
    Build buildings in circles with surrounding walls 
    Build buildings out of renewable resources 
    Elevate buildings and cities; build flood walls 
  • Question 15
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    Q. What are the three P's of earthquake management?
    answer choices
    Predict, Procrastinate, Prevent
    Predict, Prepare, Prevent
    Predict, Postulate, Prevent 
    Predict, Prepare, Paralyse
  • Question 16
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    Q.

    Of these four natural hazards, which is the hardest to predict?

    answer choices

    Tsunamis

    Volcanoes

    Tropical Cyclones

    Earthquakes

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