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"The government grew harsh and created a cruel policy that split the people into three groups. The policy was called apartheid and it kept the people apart."
The clues in the detail above helps you determine that apartheid means:
a rule about bringing people together
a government that created new laws
a policy that separated people based on race
a new religious belief
"Nelson stood up for what he believed in and participated in rallies. For this, Nelson was placed at the top of the government's most wanted list of political agitators."
What is the meaning of agitators?
a person who urges others to protest and rebel
a person who makes powerful speeches
a religious leader
a high ranking government official
"The dismantling of apartheid was one of Nelson Mandela's main goals."
What is the meaning of dismantling?
taking apart or taking down
disconnection of two things
mandatory or things that are a must
"When the news of the cruel policy of apartheid spread to other nations, some called for its eradication."
Clues in the detail above reveal that eradication means:
elimination or destruction
significance or importance
popularity to spread
"Nelson knew that representatives of all racial groups in South Africa would have to go through negotiations to create a fair, united country."
What does negotiations mean?
many protests between groups
discussions that aim to reach an agreement
What is the meaning of amassed as it is used in the following sentence:
"Mandela spoke to a crowd that had amassed to greet him in Cape Town."
Nelson Mandela was jailed for a fortnight with one hundred other men.
The word fortnight means:
a period of two weeks
a popular video game
a strong building
an evening with a strong meal
What is the meaning of campaigned as it is used in the following sentence?
"I am sincerely grateful for all of those who campaigned tirelessly for my release from prison."
freed or released
ate or drank
fought or worked
served or gave
"Nelson flew to many different nations where people of all races and backgrounds conversed with each other and shook hands. He was encouraged to bring the ideas from those free nations back to South Africa."
What does the word conversed mean?
had government decisions
"As the years passed, South Africa began to change. Nelson's comrades were set free and apartheid was no more."
What is the meaning of comrades?
a political leader
a person who communicates very well
a commander of the military
a fellow member of an organization or movement
Once apartheid was ended and Nelson was freed from prison, he swore that the people of South Africa would never experience the oppression that it did for so many years. What does oppression mean?
being smothered by a large object
unjust treatment or control
bright and joyous events
"Once Nelson was released from prison, he gave thanks to millions of his compatriots in a speech he made to his countrymen."
Which word from the detail above is a synonym for compatriots?
In his speech after he was freed, Nelson stated that South Africa needed to act together as a united people and there needed to be a national reconciliation between all people of the country. What is the meaning of reconciliation?
the creation a new flag in brighter colors
the act of restoring friendly relationships
the act of recreating the borders of the country