Fractional Distillation
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12 QuestionsShow answers
  • Question 1
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What is fractional distillation?

    answer choices

    a process used to separate crude oil

    a process used to burn up fuels

    a way to make different products

    how oil is extracted from the ground

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Which of these substances is not a hydrocarbon?

    answer choices

    methane

    ethane

    propane

    butane

    ammonia

  • Question 3
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Fractional distillation separates crude oil based on the different __________ of the molecules in the mixture

    answer choices

    melting point

    boiling point

    freezing point

    chemical reactivity

  • Question 4
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    Q.

    A fraction of crude oil is made up of:

    answer choices

    Hydrocarbons of similar chain lengths

    Numbers

    Large hydrocarbons

    Alkenes only

  • Question 5
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    Q.

    Crude oil is made up of:

    answer choices

    Ethane

    Butane

    A mixture of different hydrocarbons

    Extremely large hydrocarbons which are broken up once extracted

  • Question 6
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    Q.

    What process happens at each level in the fractionating column?

    answer choices

    Evaporation

    Condensation

    Combustion

  • Question 7
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    Q.

    What process happens as the crude oil enters the fractionating column?

    answer choices

    Evaporation

    Condensation

    Combustion

  • Question 8
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    Q.

    Where do short chain hydrocarbons collect?

    answer choices

    At the top

    In the middle

    At the bottom

  • Question 9
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    Q.

    Where do long chain hydrocarbons collect?

    answer choices

    At the top

    In the middle

    At the bottom

  • Question 10
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    Q.

    Shorter hydrocarbons have:

    answer choices

    Higher boiling points

    Lower boiling points

  • Question 11
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    Q.

    What is the structure shown?

    answer choices

    Methane

    Propane

    Ethane

    Butane

  • Question 12
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    Q. Petroleum and natural gas form from...
    answer choices
    strong winds
    cooled magma
    radioactive materials
    remains of plants and animals 
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