Unit 10: Society and Culture
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  • Question 1
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    Q.

    What impact did this innovation have on daily life?

    answer choices

    It increased the regional differences among various groups of people across the country.

    It became a major method of long-distance communication for many years.

    It allowed people to sign legal documents from across the country.

    It was the government’s only method to negotiate with foreign leaders.

  • Question 2
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    Q.

    Which of the following best completes this excerpt?

    answer choices

    equal pay

    own property

    a public education

    vote

  • Question 3
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    Q.

    The economic growth demonstrated by this recruitment letter was primarily a result of —

    answer choices

    the passage of strict federal labor laws

    the abolition of the slave trade

    the expansion of the cottage industry system

    the new production methods of industrialization

  • Question 4
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    Q.

    Which term best completes this excerpt?

    answer choices

    Second Great Awakening

    temperance movement

    Era of Good Feelings

    abolitionist movement

  • Question 5
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    Q.

    Why did slavery become a widespread practice in the United States during the early nineteenth century?

    answer choices

    The system of indentured servitude was banned.

    The need for agricultural labor increased as a result of expanded cotton production.

    Improved transportation systems made it easier for workers to migrate.

    Advancements in technology led to the need for skilled workers.

  • Question 6
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    Q.

    Which factor contributed to the founding of new religious groups in the United States?

    answer choices

    Freedoms listed in the Bill of Rights

    Expansion of individual voting rights

    Growth of abolitionist movements

    Beliefs expressed by Transcendentalists

  • Question 7
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    Q.

    The communities in this list were established in America during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. What did they have in common?

    answer choices

    They were dedicated to improving working conditions in factories.

    They served as refuges for escaped slaves.

    They attempted to expand suffrage.

    They were devoted to creating ideal societies.

  • Question 8
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    Q.

    Which box lists three factors that contributed most to the rapid industrialization and urbanization of the United States?

    answer choices
  • Question 9
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    Q.

    The development of the factory system in the early 1800s caused —

    answer choices

    a decrease in free trade between nations

    an increase in government regulation of businesses

    an increase in production levels

    a decrease in immigration

  • Question 10
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    Q.

    Which change occurred as a direct result of these developments?

    answer choices

    A reduction in the number of skilled workers in northern states

    The expansion of manufacturing into the western territories

    A reduction in trade with European countries

    The expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories

  • Question 11
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    Q.

    The statistics in this table illustrate population changes associated with —

    answer choices

    the rise of industrialism in the United States

    the establishment of a federal income tax

    a prolonged food shortage in the United States

    a lengthy war over disputed territory

  • Question 12
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    Q.

    Irish and Chinese immigrants are best remembered for performing which type of labor during the late nineteenth century?

    answer choices

    Building dams in the midwestern states

    Digging canals across northern states

    Building railroads in western territories

    Constructing bridges in southern states

  • Question 13
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    Q.

    The reform efforts of Dorothea Dix during the mid-nineteenth century led to —

    answer choices

    improved education for immigrant children

    the creation of worker safety regulations

    the expansion of suffrage for women

    improved facilities for the mentally ill and disabled

  • Question 14
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    Q.

    How did the growth of the railway system during the nineteenth century affect the U.S. economy?

    answer choices

    By helping expand the commercial markets of U.S. companies

    By making it easier for people in rural areas to work in urban factories

    By helping strengthen the economic ties between U.S. and British companies

    By permitting faster communication between corporate leaders and their employees

  • Question 15
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    Q.

    Which of the following was most responsible for the revolution described in this excerpt?

    answer choices

    Expanded public education

    Rapid technological innovation

    Increased government spending

    Rapid territorial expansion

  • Question 16
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    Q.

    Why did Congress honor this woman by putting her on a coin?

    answer choices

    Because she was an influential First Lady

    Because she designed the nation’s first flag

    Because she fought for women’s suffrage

    Because she was the first woman elected to Congress

  • Question 17
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    Q.

    Which factor encouraged more immigrants to settle in northern states than southern states during the mid-nineteenth century?

    answer choices

    Northern states had lower population densities.

    Citizenship requirements in southern states were not as strict.

    Southern states had smaller industrial sectors.

    Governments in northern states were less corrupt.

  • Question 18
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    Q.

    The completion of the Erie Canal played a key role in which development?

    answer choices

    New York City becoming a vital commercial center with the country’s busiest seaport

    New Orleans becoming a leader in manufacturing and overseas trade

    Washington, D.C., becoming the cultural and political center of the nation

    Boston becoming one of the country’s largest transportation hubs

  • Question 19
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    Q.

    Which sentence best completes this diagram?

    answer choices

    Cities grew rapidly.

    Demand for artisans increased.

    Farms experienced a shortage of labor.

    Government regulation of factories increased.

  • Question 20
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    Q.

    One environmental consequence of the large-scale cultivation of cotton in the South was —

    answer choices

    widespread soil exhaustion caused by decades of farming

    drought caused by overuse of river water to irrigate farmland

    air pollution caused by the use of cotton gins

    widespread water contamination caused by fertilizer runoff

  • Question 21
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    Q.

    How did advancements in industrial technologies affect businesses during the late nineteenth century?

    answer choices

    By making handcrafted goods more affordable

    By improving production methods and increasing competition

    By forcing producers to manufacture multiple products

    By causing an increase in wages for factory workers

  • Question 22
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    Q.

    One result of the trend shown in this table was the —

    answer choices

    expansion of available labor

    creation of specialized trade guilds

    decrease in educational opportunities for women

    increase in production costs for manufacturers

  • Question 23
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    Q.

    What was one result of industrialization in the United States during the mid-1800s?

    answer choices

    Sectional differences increased.

    The federal government prohibited immigration.

    Job opportunities decreased.

    Fewer public lands were devoted to transportation.

  • Question 24
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    Q.

    The economies of the new western states were very different from those of the northeastern states in the mid-1800s. One major difference was that western states —

    answer choices

    relied on subsistence farming

    used natural harbors for shipping

    focused on mining and agriculture

    traded freely with other nations

  • Question 25
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    Q.

    Who made this statement?

    answer choices

    Harriet Beecher Stowe

    Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    Harriet Tubman

    Phillis Wheatley

  • Question 26
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    Q.

    How did the War of 1812 most affect the U.S. economy?

    answer choices

    Disruption in trade contributed to domestic industrial growth.

    Small farmers benefited from higher export prices for grain crops.

    The sale of treasury bonds to international companies was prohibited.

    New trade alliances resulted in increased foreign investment.

  • Question 27
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    Q.

    How did this invention contribute to the expansion of the plantation system?

    answer choices

    By reducing the number of slaves needed for growing cotton

    By increasing the time needed to cultivate cotton

    By increasing the profitability of slavery

    By reducing the demand for raw cotton

  • Question 28
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    Q.

    Which of these occurred during early U.S. industrialization?

    answer choices

    Manufacturers instituted a five-day workweek.

    Labor laws required factories to provide a safe working environment.

    Workers were required to attend schools to develop technical skills.

    Production of goods transitioned from homes to factories.

  • Question 29
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    Q.

    How did the growth of these organizations most affect the role of women in U.S. society?

    answer choices

    By providing economic opportunities for women in urban areas

    By expanding the participation of women in social reform

    By increasing the number of women teachers in rural areas

    By securing the establishment of private universities for women

  • Question 30
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    Q.

    Between 1846 and 1855 the population of Ireland decreased by a third, including the approximately 1.5 million Irish immigrants who left for the United States. What was the primary reason for this migration?

    answer choices

    Massive unemployment resulting from British occupation

    Political unrest during an economic recession

    Famine caused by a major crop failure

    Civil war between Catholics and Protestants

  • Question 31
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    Q.

    The Hudson River School artists were influenced by the —

    answer choices

    success of social reform movements in the United States

    migration of settlers to the U.S. frontier

    natural landscape of the United States

    environmental effects of U.S. industrialization

  • Question 32
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    Q.

    These environmental modifications were made in order to construct —

    answer choices

    permanent housing for immigrants in urban areas

    canals that linked the Midwest to the Northeast

    a transcontinental railroad

    a harbor on the Mississippi River

  • Question 33
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    Q.

    Which factor accounts for this trend?

    answer choices

    The Second Great Awakening motivated people to join reform movements. .

    Manifest Destiny inspired many people to become homesteaders.

    Jacksonian Democracy allowed more people to vote in elections.

    The Industrial Revolution encouraged people to pursue jobs in cities

  • Question 34
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    Q.

    These innovations in agriculture and industry resulted in —

    answer choices

    higher consumer costs

    decreased profits for investors

    less consumer choice

    more efficient production of goods

  • Question 35
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    Q.

    Which economy and contributing factor best complete this table?

    answer choices

    1) Large farms; 2) Slaves used for labor

    1) Cottage industry; 2) Mild weather that attracted immigrants

    1) Mining; 2) Metal ores and minerals

    1) Ranching; 2) Railroads to transport cattle to market

  • Question 36
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    Q.

    Which movement did Emerson lead?

    answer choices

    Temperance

    Abolitionism

    The Second Great Awakening

    Transcendentalism

  • Question 37
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    Q.

    Which factor best completes this diagram?

    answer choices

    New transportation systems

    Increased government regulation

    A decline in agricultural production

    The growth of labor unions

  • Question 38
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    Q.

    Which quotation from this letter reveals the main reason for the surge in Irish immigration to the United States in the mid-nineteenth century?

    answer choices

    “I am exceedingly well pleased at coming to this land of plenty.”

    “I would advise all my friends to quit Ireland. . . .”

    “What you labour for is sweetened by contentment and happiness. . . .”

    “There is no failure in the potato crop. . . .”

  • Question 39
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    Q.

    Which box lists some results of improved steamboat technology in the United States as of the mid-1830s?

    answer choices
  • Question 40
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    Q.

    How did Samuel Morse’s best-known innovation contribute to U.S. growth and development?

    answer choices

    It enabled instantaneous long-distance transmission of information.

    It allowed manufactured goods to be produced at lower costs.

    It boosted the speed of cross-country mail delivery.

    It increased national unity by reducing sectional differences.

  • Question 41
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    Q.

    What was another reason Congress passed this act in 1862?

    answer choices

    To promote settlement in the West

    To protect industry in the Northeast

    To improve transportation in the South

    To transport manufactured goods to the East

  • Question 42
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    Q.

    Which group was among the first to call for an end to slavery?

    answer choices

    American Indians, because they viewed the plight of slaves as similar to their own

    Quakers, because slavery contradicted their religious beliefs

    British loyalists, because Great Britain had ended the slave trade

    Puritans, because the New England economy did not rely on slavery

  • Question 43
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    Q.

    What was one major effect of the Second Great Awakening?

    answer choices

    Churches turned away from public politics and focused on internal religious issues.

    People were inspired to join reform movements to address social problems.

    Religious leaders petitioned legislatures to extend suffrage to women.

    Politicians were encouraged to promote states’ rights rather than federal unity.

  • Question 44
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    Q.

    Which sentence best completes the diagram?

    answer choices

    The supply of British goods decreases. .

    Congress ends the European embargo.

    Exports to Great Britain increase.

    Congress reduces tariffs

  • Question 45
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    Q.

    These developments occurred as a result of increased —

    answer choices

    industrialization

    westward migration

    expansion of U.S. territory

    government regulation of business

  • Question 46
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    Q.

    The innovation shown in this photograph most affected the U.S. economy by —

    answer choices

    decreasing the need for canals

    allowing more efficient movement of goods

    reducing the costs of settling in western territories

    transporting workers from southern states to northern states

  • Question 47
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    Q.

    Why did the economies of western territories develop so differently from the economies of the Northeast and South?

    answer choices

    Western territories had limited land and a large immigrant population.

    Western territories had natural harbors and many navigable rivers.

    Western territories had rocky soil and a large supply of slave labor.

    Western territories had inexpensive land and abundant natural resources.

  • Question 48
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    Q.

    The Second Great Awakening was a movement that promoted —

    answer choices

    spiritual revival and the need for social reform

    the use of reason and scientific theory

    states’ rights and governmental reform

    mercantilism and the development of global trade

  • Question 49
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    Q.

    Which statement best describes a result of industrialization in the United States during the mid-nineteenth century?

    answer choices

    People moved to cities in search of economic opportunity.

    Farmers began to cultivate land west of the Appalachian Mountains.

    Native peoples were forcibly relocated to western territories.

    Government officials began to promote the idea of Manifest Destiny.

  • Question 50
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    Q.

    How did the War of 1812 affect the U.S. economy?

    answer choices

    The use of federal paper currency increased.

    Agricultural imports increased.

    Imports of raw materials increased.

    Manufacturing increased.

  • Question 51
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    Q.

    What was one major effect of the Erie Canal on the United States in the early nineteenth century?

    answer choices

    The rapid growth of cities in the Northeast

    A rise in cotton exports to the United Kingdom

    An increase in the cost of shipping goods to Europe

    A decrease in trade between settlers and American Indians

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