Weather and Climate Unit Test Review
a month ago
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25 QuestionsShow answers
  • Question 1
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What is the area of the stratosphere that protects the earth from the sun's harmful rays?

    answer choices

    ozone layer

    troposphere

    cirrus cloud

    exolayer

  • Question 2
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    Q.

    Which gas makes up most of the atmosphere?

    answer choices

    oxygen

    hydrogen

    nitrogen

    helium

  • Question 3
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The outermost layer of the atmosphere, where most satellites orbit, is called _____________.

    answer choices

    mesosphere

    troposphere

    thermosphere

    exosphere

  • Question 4
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    Q.

    True or false: The atmosphere is made of gases, water vapor, and small particles like pollen or volcanic ash.

    answer choices

    true

    false

  • Question 5
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    In which layer of the atmosphere does weather occur?

    answer choices

    exosphere

    thermosphere

    stratosphere

    troposphere

  • Question 6
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Which of these is NOT a part of the water cycle?

    answer choices

    precipitation

    evaporation

    transformation

    condensation

  • Question 7
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What is the process of clouds forming?

    answer choices

    condensation

    evaporation

    transpiration

    precipitation

  • Question 8
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What step of the water cycle should be included in the red box?

    answer choices

    evaporation

    transformation

    precipitation

    accumulation

  • Question 9
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    Q.

    Warm air rises and cool air sinks because warm air is less __________.

    answer choices

    humid

    dense

    circulating

    dry

  • Question 10
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Low pressure systems have winds circulating in what direction?

    answer choices

    north

    counterclockwise

    south

    clockwise

  • Question 11
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Low pressure systems usually result in what type of weather?

    answer choices

    rainy

    sunny

    fair

    cold

  • Question 12
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    High pressure systems usually signal what type of weather?

    answer choices

    stormy

    fair

    cold

    snowy

  • Question 13
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Winds in a high pressure system usually circulate in what direction?

    answer choices

    clockwise

    south

    north

    counterclockwise

  • Question 14
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What type of storm forms a funnel-shaped cloud?

    answer choices

    thunderstorm

    tornado

    hurricane

    hail storm

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What is a massive low pressure storm that always forms over water?

    answer choices

    hurricane

    tsunami

    tornado

    thunderstorm

  • Question 16
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The area where large masses of warm and cold air meet are called __________.

    answer choices

    rain shadows

    storms

    fronts

    water cycles

  • Question 17
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    When a mass of warm air meets a mass of cold air head on, stalling for days, it's called a _______________ front.

    answer choices

    stationary

    cold

    warm

    occluded

  • Question 18
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    Q.

    All rain shadows have what kind of weather?

    answer choices

    rocky

    wet

    dry

    sandy

  • Question 19
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What factor has the MOST significant effect on a place's climate?

    answer choices

    elevation

    proximity to mountains

    latitude

    distance from ocean

  • Question 20
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    Q.

    In this diagram illustrating a rain shadow, where is the rainiest weather?

    answer choices

    a

    b

    c

  • Question 21
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    Q.

    If two towns are close together but have very different climates, most likely have different __________.

    answer choices

    latitudes

    terrain

    elevations

    populations

  • Question 22
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    Q.

    Low latitudes are found ____________ the equator than high latitudes.

    answer choices

    closer to

    south of

    east of

    farther from

  • Question 23
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Of these options, cities at which location have warmer climates?

    answer choices

    high elevations

    high latitudes

    low elevations

    low latitudes

  • Question 24
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Why do cities at low latitudes have warmer climates than cities at high latitudes?

    answer choices

    they are closer to the ocean

    they are hit more directly by the sun's rays

    they have more rain shadows

    they have less mountains

  • Question 25
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    Q.

    How is warmth from the sun's rays hitting low latitudes transported from the equator to higher latitudes?

    answer choices

    shifts in land masses

    ocean breezes

    global warming

    ocean currents

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