QUIZ
Sun and Solar System
brownr_84434
a year ago
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What feature of the Sun is found at letter A?

    answer choices

    Coronal Mass Ejection (CME)

    Prominence

    Solar Flare

    Sunspot

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The number of observed sunspots, prominences, and flares increases in a cycle that occurs about every ____ years.

    answer choices

    31

    20

    15

    11

  • Question 3
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Our Sun is unusual because it does not belong to a(n) ____.

    answer choices

    galaxy

    binary star system

    solar system

    universe

  • Question 4
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    Q.

    The reason that most solar winds do not disrupt electricity on the Earth is due to the Earth’s ______.

    answer choices

    poles

    magnetic field

    stratosphere

    auroras

  • Question 5
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What Sun feature is found at letter B?

    answer choices

    CME (Coronal Mass Ejection)

    Prominence

    Solar Flare

    Sunspot

  • Question 6
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The Sun produces energy by fusing hydrogen atoms into helium atoms in the _____.

    answer choices

    Radiative Zone

    Convective Zone

    Core

  • Question 7
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What are the Sun's layers of atmosphere from lowest to highest layer?

    answer choices

    Core, Radiative Zone, Convection Zone

    Corona, Chromosphere, Photosphere

    Convection Zone, Radiative Zone, Core

    Photosphere, Chromosphere, Corona

  • Question 8
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What Sun feature is found at letter C?

    answer choices

    Coronal Mass Ejection (CME)

    Prominence

    Solar Flare

    Sunspot

  • Question 9
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    When we see the sun out during the day, we are viewing light that is coming from the ___________.

    answer choices

    Core

    Convection Zone

    Chromosphere

    Photosphere

  • Question 10
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Our Sun is called a yellow dwarf because of its ______________ and ________________.

    answer choices

    average size, distance from the center of the galaxy

    intense magnetic fields, average size

    large size, distinct sunspot patterns

    temperature, average size

  • Question 11
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    What layer of the Sun is located at letter D?

    answer choices

    Core

    Chromosphere

    Corona

    Photosphere

  • Question 12
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    This layer of the Sun is only visible during a total solar eclipse.

    answer choices

    D

    E

    F

    G

  • Question 13
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The surface of the Sun.

    answer choices

    D

    E

    F

    G

  • Question 14
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Prominences and flares on the Sun are related to sunspots because they are all caused by ____.

    answer choices

    electricity

    Earth's orbit around the Sun

    too much heat

    intense magnetic fields

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Where the color of the Sun comes from.

    answer choices

    Core

    Chromosphere

    Corona

    Photosphere

  • Question 16
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Which of these common characteristics do only the outer planets share?

    answer choices

    solid surface

    low mass

    low density

    gaseous atmosphere

  • Question 17
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Choose the correct order of these celestial objects, from smallest to largest.

    answer choices

    Sun, galaxies, planets, solar system

    Planets, Sun, solar system, galaxies

    Galaxies, solar system, Sun, planets

    Galaxies, planets, solar system, Sun

  • Question 18
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    Q.

    Which of these planets is mostly gas?

    answer choices

    Mercury

    Mars

    Saturn

    Venus

  • Question 19
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    _____ keeps planets away from the sun, while _____ pulls planets toward the sun.

    answer choices

    Mass, momentum

    Inertia, gravity

    Inertia, acceleration

    Gravity, inertia

  • Question 20
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Proxima Centauri is the next closest star to Earth, after the Sun, and lies 4.22 light years away. This

    means that when we go out on a clear night and look up at Proxima Centauri, we are seeing light that

    left that star ______.

    answer choices

    yesterday

    4.22 seconds ago

    4.22 months ago

    4.22 years ago

  • Question 21
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Copernicus thought the orbits of the planets were circular, but __________ showed them to be elliptical.

    answer choices

    Gagarin

    Galileo

    Kepler

    Ptolemy

  • Question 22
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Later work by ______ resulted in the development of the _________ model of the solar system, marking

    the beginning of modern astronomy.

    answer choices

    Ptolemy, heliocentric

    Newton, Geocentric

    Kepler, Geocentric

    Copernicus, Heliocentric

  • Question 23
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    All of the known dwarf planets except Ceres orbit in the ___.

    answer choices

    asteroid belt

    Kuiper Belt

    Milky Way

    Oort Cloud

  • Question 24
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    If the mass of the Earth suddenly and magically increased by 50%, what would happen to the Moon’s orbit?

    answer choices

    It would stay the same

    It would become bigger, moving farther from Earth

    It would become smaller, moving closer to Earth

    Silly Rabbit, you can’t just change the mass of a planet

  • Question 25
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The ____ of two objects and the distances between them determine the gravitational attraction between the objects.

    answer choices

    masses

    gravity

    density

    circumference

  • Question 26
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The inner planets are ____ and have ____ surfaces.

    answer choices

    larger, gaseous

    larger, rocky

    smaller, gaseous

    smaller, rocky

  • Question 27
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    In the table below are some of the steps in the formation of a new star and solar system. Choose the correct order of steps from the four choices below, with 1 representing the first step, and 5 the last step.

    answer choices

    4,3,2,5,1

    1,2,3,4,5

    4,2,3,5,1

    5,4,3,2,1

  • Question 28
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    All of the outer planets have many ____, which range in number from 13 to more than 60.

    answer choices

    Volcanoes

    Rings

    Moons

    Craters

  • Question 29
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    All of the gas giants’ atmospheres are made up primarily of helium and ____.

    answer choices

    Carbon Dioxide

    Hydrogen

    Oxygen

    Nitrogen

  • Question 30
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    When a meteoroid enters Earth’s atmosphere, it produces a streak of light called a(n) _____.

    answer choices

    asteroid

    comet

    meteor

    meteorite

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