Earth Science Midterm Review
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  • Question 1
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    Q. The red shift of light from distant galaxies provides evidence that these galaxies are
    answer choices
    decreasing in size
    increasing in size
    decreasing in distance from Earth
    increasing in distance from Earth
  • Question 2
    45 seconds
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    Q. In which sequence are the celestial objects
    correctly listed in order from the smallest mass to
    the largest mass?
    answer choices
    Saturn, solar system, Milky Way, universe
    Saturn, universe, Milky Way, solar system
    Milky Way, Saturn, solar system, universe
    Milky Way, universe, solar system, Saturn
  • Question 3
    60 seconds
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    Q. As altitude increases in the troposphere and stratosphere, the air temperature
    answer choices
    decreases in the troposphere and increases in the stratosphere
    decreases in both the troposphere and stratosphere
    increases in the troposphere and decreases in the stratosphere
    increases in both the troposphere and stratosphere
  • Question 4
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    Q.

    Points A through I are locations on the map. Elevations are shown in meters. Which locations have the same elevation?

    answer choices

    A and C

    B and E

    C and I

    F and G

  • Question 5
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    Q.

    Which direction is Maple Stream flowing?

    answer choices

    North

    South

    East

    West

  • Question 6
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    Q. What is the name of the line at zero degrees longitude?
    answer choices
    Equator
    Prime Meridian
    North Pole
    South Pole
  • Question 7
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    Q. During which season is the northern hemisphere tilted toward the Sun?
    answer choices
    Summer
    Fall
    Winter
    Spring
  • Question 8
    60 seconds
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    Q. Name the moon phase
    answer choices
    waning crescent
    waxing crescent
    waning gibbous
    waxing gibbous
  • Question 9
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    Q. Frank has a paper clip. It has a mass of 9g and a volume of 3cm3. What is its density?
    answer choices
    3 g/cm3
    1/3 g/cm3
    27 g/cm3
    39 g/cm3
  • Question 10
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    Q. If this substance takes up 6ml of space, what is its mass?
    answer choices
     6 ml
    6 grams
    0 grams
    4 grams 
  • Question 11
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    Q.

    Which topographic map matches formation C?

    answer choices

    1

    2

    3

    4

  • Question 12
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    Q. The best evidence of Earth’s rotation is provided by the
    answer choices
    Foucault pendulum and global warming
    Foucault pendulum and Coriolis effect
    Moon phases and global warming
    Moon phases and Coriolis effect
  • Question 13
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    Q. Which sphere of Earth covers approximately 70%of Earth’s surface?
    answer choices
    atmosphere
    hydrosphere
    lithosphere
    asthenosphere
  • Question 14
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    Q. Some of the constellations that are visible to New York State observers at midnight in December are different from the constellations that are visible at midnight in June because
    answer choices
    constellations revolve around Earth
    constellations rotate on an axis
    Earth rotates on its axis
    Earth revolves around the Sun
  • Question 15
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    Q.

    Planets that are closest to the Sun are identified as

    answer choices

    low-density jovian planets

    low-density terrestrial planets

    high-density jovian planets

    high-density terrestrial planets

  • Question 16
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    Q.

    Which process of the water cycle occurs when water absorbs 2260 Joules of heat energy per gram?

    answer choices

    melting of ice

    condensation of water

    evaporating of water

    freezing of water

  • Question 17
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    Q.

    Which list correctly identifies the energy transfer between A, B and C

    answer choices

    A- Conduction, B-Convection, C-Ratiation

    A- Convection, B- Radiation, C- Conduction

    A- Convection, B- Conduction, C- Radiation

    A- Conduction, B- Radiation, C- Convection

  • Question 18
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    Q.

    The diagram below represents the light spectra given off by the same element as observed under two different conditions. Spectrum A was observed when that element was heated in a laboratory. Spectrum B shows the same element as seen in the light from a distant star.

    The light spectrum observed from this distant star shows a

    answer choices

    red shift, which indicates that the star is moving away from Earth

    red shift, which indicates that the star is moving toward the Earth

    blue shift, which indicates that the star is moving away from Earth

    blue shift, which indicates that the star is moving toward Earth

  • Question 19
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    Q.

    Equal areas of which surface would absorb the greatest amount of insolation on a sunny day?

    answer choices

    light-colored, smooth surface

    light-colored, rough surface

    dark-colored, smooth surface

    dark-colored, rough surface

  • Question 20
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    Q. A Foucault pendulum appears to change its directions of swing because Earth
    answer choices
    is tilted on its axis
    is spinning on its axis
    has a curved surface
    has a density of 5.5 g/cm3
  • Question 21
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    Q.

    The modern heliocentric model of planetary motion states that the planets travel around

    answer choices

    the Sun in slightly elliptical orbits

    the Sun in circular orbits

    Earth is slightly elliptical orbits

    Earth in circular orbits

  • Question 22
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    Q. To an observer on Earth, the Sun appears brighter than the star Rigel because the Sun is 
    answer choices
    hotter than Rigel
    more luminous than Rigel
    closer than Rigel
    larger than Rigel
  • Question 23
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    Q. El Cuy is a South American city located at 40 degrees south latitude. During which month would the coldest day most likely occur at this location?
    answer choices
    May
    November
    July
    January
  • Question 24
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    Q. Evidence supports the idea that increases in carbon dioxide and methane in Earth’s atmosphere are major contributors to global warming. This is based primarily on the fact that carbon dioxide and methane are excellent absorbers of
    answer choices
    gamma rays
    visible light
    infrared radiation
    microwaves
  • Question 25
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    Q. What caused the interior of Earth to separate into layers?
    answer choices
    a decrease in the rate of rotation of Earth
    the gravitational pull on materials of varying densities
    variations in heating by the Sun due to Earth’s tilt
    collisions with meteors and comets
  • Question 26
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    Q. At which location is the altitude of Polaris approximately 42°?
    answer choices
    Niagara Falls
    Elmira
    Watertown
    Massena
  • Question 27
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    Q. At which latitude is the Sun directly overhead on certain days of the year?
    answer choices
    23.5° N
    66.5° N
    42° N
    90° N
  • Question 28
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    Q. Which motion causes the constellation Orion to be visible at midnight from New York State in winter but not in summer?
    answer choices
    rotation of Earth
    rotation of Orion
    revolution of Earth
    revolution of Orion
  • Question 29
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    Q. In which two temperature zones of the atmosphere does the temperature increase with increasing altitude?
    answer choices
    troposphere and stratosphere
    troposphere and mesosphere
    stratosphere and thermosphere
    mesosphere and thermosphere
  • Question 30
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    Q. The layer of our atmosphere in which weather occurs is the
    answer choices
    troposphere
    stratosphere
    mesosphere
    exosphere
  • Question 31
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    Q. Which has the largest wavelengths
    answer choices
    Radio waves
    Micro waves
    Ultra violet waves
    X-rays
  • Question 32
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    Q. A major piece of evidence supporting the Big Bang Theory and the expansion of the universe is the observation of wavelengths of stars in distant galaxies show a
    answer choices
    red shift and are moving away
    red shift and moving towards
    blue shift and moving away
    blue shift and moving towards
  • Question 33
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    Q. If the tilt of Earth’s axis were increased from
    23.5° to 30°, summers in New York State would
    become
    answer choices
    cooler, and winters would become cooler
    cooler, and winters would become warmer
    warmer, and winters would become cooler
    warmer, and winters would become warm
  • Question 34
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    Q. The same side of the Moon always faces Earth because the Moon’s period of revolution
    answer choices
    is longer than the Moon’s period of rotation
    equals the Moon’s period of rotation
    is longer than Earth’s period of rotation
    equals Earth’s period of rotation
  • Question 35
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    Q. Land that is along an ocean
    answer choices
    geography
    continent
    coast
    region
  • Question 36
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    Q. A substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere is called
    answer choices
    dirt
    pollutant
    oxygen
    precipitant
  • Question 37
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    Q. Liquid water changing slowly into a gas and rising into the atmosphere is called
    answer choices
    evaporation
    condensation
    rain
    typhoon
  • Question 38
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    Q.

    What is the contour interval for this map?

    answer choices

    500

    100

    20

    1000

  • Question 39
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    Q.

    What is the elevation of Point A

    answer choices

    1500

    900

    1000

    1200

  • Question 40
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    Q.

    Which direction is Maple Stream flowing?

    answer choices

    North

    South

    East

    West

  • Question 41
    60 seconds
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    Q. What do contour lines that are farther apart represent?
    answer choices
    waterfall
    steep area
    gentle slope
    river
  • Question 42
    60 seconds
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    Q. How many mountain tops does this map have?
    answer choices
    one
    two
    three
    four
  • Question 43
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    Q. Provided is a topographic map of a hill with contour lines drawn showing elevation in meters.
    The steepest slope on this hill can be found on the side that is facing which direction?
    answer choices
    Southwest
    Northeast
    Northwest
    Southeast
  • Question 44
    30 seconds
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    Q. What is the highest elevation this hill could possibly have? (might not be labeled)
    answer choices
    1040
    1060
    1079
    1009
  • Question 45
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    Q. It is steep on a topographic map where __________.
    answer choices
    lines are closest together
    a river flows into a lake
    contours bend
    contours are far apart
  • Question 46
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    Q. What feature is at the arrow?
    answer choices
    volcano
    mountain
    cliff
    river
  • Question 47
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    Q. A mountaineer is planning an expedition. He wants to follow the easiest possible path, which means he needs to find the most gentle slope up the mountain. Which route should the mountaineer choose?
    answer choices
    Route A
    Route B
     Route C
    Route D
  • Question 48
    120 seconds
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    Q.

    What is a possible elevation of location D

    answer choices

    50 feet

    41 feet

    60 feet

    91 feet

  • Question 49
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    Q. Which of the following statements best explains why it is warmer at the equator than at the North Pole?
    answer choices
    The equator has a larger area than the North Pole.
    The equator is closer to the Sun than the North Pole.
    The equator receives more direct sunlight than the North Pole.
    The equator has more hours of daylight per year than the North Pole.
  • Question 50
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    Q. The Sun appears larger than the others stars because of
    answer choices
    its yellow color
    its high temperature
    its distance from Earth
    the greater amount of light it gives off
  • Question 51
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    Q. Which list orders the celestial bodies from closest to farthest from the Earth?
    answer choices
    the Sun, Jupiter, the asteroid belt, the Moon
    the star Alpha Centauri, the Sun, Mars, the Moon
    Saturn, the Moon, the star Alpha Centauri, the asteroid belt
    the Moon, the Sun, Neptune, the star Alpha Centauri
  • Question 52
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    Q. How is Earth different from the other planets in the solar system?
    answer choices
    It has an atmosphere
    It has a solid surface
    It has warm temperatures
    It has liquid water on its surface
  • Question 53
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    Q. The length of one day on Earth is determined by how long it takes
    answer choices
    the Moon to revolve once
    the Moon to rotate once
    Earth to rotate once
    Earth to revolve once
  • Question 54
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    Q. On Earth, a day lasts about 24 hours. On Saturn, a day lasts about 10 hours. Why is a day on Saturn so much shorter than a day on Earth?
    answer choices
    The Earth rotates on its axis more slowly than Saturn does.
    Saturn is much farther from the Sun than Earth is.
    Saturn is much more massive than Earth.
    Earth revolves around the Sun more slowly than Saturn does.
  • Question 55
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    Q. Which quality do all the planets in the solar system share?
    answer choices
    They all have moons.
    They all rotate in 24 hours.
    They all have rings.
    They all orbit the Sun in about the same plane.
  • Question 56
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    Q. Earth is an average distance of 1.0 AU (astronomical unit) from the Sun, or about 150 million km. If Saturn is an average distance of 9.5 AU from the Sun, what is the approximate distance of Jupiter from the Sun?
    answer choices
    0.5 AU
    1.5 AU
    5 AU
    11 AU
  • Question 57
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    Q. Identify the phase of the Moon in the drawing...
    answer choices
    Crescent
    Gibbous
    Full
    New
  • Question 58
    180 seconds
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    Q. Max saw the new Moon on June 3rd, approximately when would Max see another new Moon?
    answer choices
    July 1
    June 17
    July 17
    June 9
  • Question 59
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    Q.

    Topography is the study of..

    answer choices

    Height

    Elevation

    Temperature

    Hills

  • Question 60
    30 seconds
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    Q. What is pictured here?
    answer choices
    Lines of Latitude
    Lines of Longitufe
    Prime Meridian
    International Date Line
  • Question 61
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    Q. What is this line called?
    answer choices
    Prime Meridian
    Equator
    East Pole 
    West Pole
  • Question 62
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    Q. What is the red line called?
    answer choices
    Equator
    Prime Meridian
    East Pole
    West Pole
  • Question 63
    30 seconds
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    Q. What is pictured here?
    answer choices
    Lines of Latitude
    Lines of Longitude
    Tropic of Cancer
    Tropic of Capricorn
  • Question 64
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    Q. What is the line that separates the northern and southern hemispheres?
    answer choices
    Prime Meridian
    Equator
    Greenwich Line
    International Dateline
  • Question 65
    30 seconds
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    Q. If a scale measures weight, what metric unit is used?
    answer choices
    liter
    meter 
    gram
    grandma
  • Question 66
    30 seconds
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    Q. Where is Sydney?
    answer choices
    35 N, 165 W
    35 S, 165 E
    35 N, 165 E
    35 S, 165 W
  • Question 67
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    The blanket of gases that surrounds the earth’s surface.

    answer choices

    Air

    Atmosphere

    Space

    Biosphere

  • Question 68
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    Q.

    ___________ show elevation in a map.

    answer choices

    Contour lines

    Isograms

    Reference lines

    Height lines

  • Question 69
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    If you needed to know the distance between your current location and your destination, which part of a map would you use?

    answer choices

    Map scale

    Legend

    Key

    Latitude lines

  • Question 70
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Which point on the map is at 60 degrees N and 60 degrees E?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

  • Question 71
    30 seconds
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    Q. Which group of substances is arranged in order of decreasing specific heat values?
    answer choices
    Iron, granite, basalt
    Copper, lead, iron
    dry air, water vapor, iceOption 3 (optional)
    Liquid water, ice, water vapor
  • Question 72
    30 seconds
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    Q. Which process is responsible for the greatest loss of energy from Earth’s surface into space on a clear night?
    answer choices
    Condensation
    Conduction
    Radiation
    Convection
  • Question 73
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    How long does it take to go from perihelion to aphelion?

    answer choices

    6 months

    2 months

    12 months

    8 months

  • Question 74
    30 seconds
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    Q. Positions 1, 2, and 3 in the diagram below represent the noon Sun above the horizon on three different days during the year, as viewed from Binghamton, New York. At which position was the noon Sun on January 21, as viewed from Binghamton?
    answer choices
    Above position 1
    Below position 3
    Between position 1 and position 2
    Between position 2 and position 3
  • Question 75
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    Q. The diagram below represents the apparent path of the Sun as seen by an observer at 65° N on March 21.
    answer choices
    9 a.m.
    11 a.m.
    3 p.m.
    6 p.m.
  • Question 76
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    Q. Equal areas of which surface will absorb the most insolation?
    answer choices
    Partially melted snowfield
    Blacktop parking lot
    White sand beach
    Lake surface
  • Question 77
    30 seconds
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    Q. Most of which type of electromagnetic radiation is given off by Earth’s surface at night?
    answer choices
    gamma rays
    ultraviolet light  
    visible light
    infrared rays
  • Question 78
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    Q. The diagram below represents Earth as viewed from space. Letter A represents the approximate angle of tilt between Earth’s rotational axis and a line (XY) perpendicular to the plane of Earth’s orbit.   What is the value of the angle represented by letter A?
    answer choices
    15.0°
    23.5°
    24.5°
    30.0°
  • Question 79
    30 seconds
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    Q. Base your answers to questions 42 through 44 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The diagram represents Earth in its orbit around the Sun. Locations A through D represent four positions of Earth in its orbit. Earth is closest to the Sun (perihelion) at position A, and farthest from the Sun (aphelion) at position C. At which position is the gravitational attraction between the Sun and Earth the greatest?
    answer choices
    A
    B
    C
    D
  • Question 80
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    Q. Which change in seasons occurs in the Northern Hemisphere at position D?
    answer choices
    Winter is ending and spring is beginning.
    Spring is ending and summer is beginning.
    Summer is ending and fall is beginning.
    Fall is ending and winter is beginning.
  • Question 81
    30 seconds
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    Q. Base your answers to questions 45 through 47 on the diagram below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The diagram represents the apparent path of the Sun as observed at four locations, A through D, on Earth’s surface on the same date. The present positions of the Sun represent the same time of day at each location. The zenith (the position directly overhead) is shown for an observer at each location. [Diagrams are not drawn to scale.] What is the approximate time of day represented at each location?
    answer choices
    6:00 a.m.
    9:00 a.m.
    3:00 p.m.
    6:00 p.m.
  • Question 82
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    Q. During the course of the day, which location had the greatest intensity of insolation at solar noon?
    answer choices
    A
    B
    C
    D
  • Question 83
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    Q. Based on the Sun’s apparent path, where is location D?
    answer choices
    equator
    Tropic of Cancer
    Tropic of Capricorn
    North Pole
  • Question 84
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    Q. Equal areas of which type of surface will reflect the most insolation?
    answer choices
    light gray rooftop Option 1*
    dark tropical forest
    snow-covered field
    black paved road
  • Question 85
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    Q. Which diagram best represents how greenhouse gases in our atmosphere trap heat energy?
    answer choices
    1
    2
    3
    4
  • Question 86
    30 seconds
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    Q. Base your answers to questions 28 through 30 on the diagrams below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The diagrams, labeled A, B, and C, represent equal-sized portions of the Sun’s rays striking Earth’s surface at 23.5° N latitude at noon at three different times of the year. The angle at which the Sun’s rays hit Earth’s surface and the relative areas of Earth’s surface receiving the rays at the three different angles of insolation are shown. As viewed in sequence from A to B to C, these diagrams represent which months and which change in the intensity of insolation?
    answer choices
    December → March → June; and decreasing intensity
    December → March → June; and increasing intensity
    June → September → December; and decreasing intensity
    June → September → December; and increasing intensity
  • Question 87
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    Q. As the angle of the Sun’s rays striking Earth’s surface at noon changes from 90° to 43°, the length of a shadow cast by an object will
    answer choices
    Decrease
    Increase
    Decrease, then increase
    Increase, then decrease
  • Question 88
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    Q.

    The deflection of Earth’s planetary winds is caused by the rotation of the earth, what is this phenomena called?

    answer choices

    the coriolis effect

    the doppler effect

    convection

    gravitational pull

  • Question 89
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    Q. The angle the sun's rays strike the earth's surface
    answer choices
    Fusion
    Insolation
    Angle of Insolation
  • Question 90
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    Q. The time and date of the year when day and night are equal length. 
    answer choices
    Fusion
    Solstice
    Equinox
  • Question 91
    30 seconds
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    Q. Exposure to the sun's rays
    answer choices
    Fusion
    Insolation
    Fission
  • Question 92
    30 seconds
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    Q. The process of joining two or more things together
    answer choices
    Fision
    Fusion
    Isotope
  • Question 93
    30 seconds
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    Q. A tide just after a new or full moon when there is the greatest difference between high and low water. 
    answer choices
    Neap Tides
    Spring Tides
  • Question 94
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    Q. A tide just after the 1st or 3rd quarters of the moon when there is the least difference between high and low water. 
    answer choices
    Neap Tides
    Spring Tides
  • Question 95
    30 seconds
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    Q. This is the path one object travels around another object
    answer choices
    orbit
    inertia
    revolution
    rotation
  • Question 96
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    Q. This is one complete trip of one object around another object
    answer choices
    insolation
    rotation
    revolution
    gravity
  • Question 97
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    Q. This is the force of attraction between any two objects
    answer choices
    inertia
    gravity
    orbit
    revolution
  • Question 98
    900 seconds
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    Q.

    APPROXIMATELY how many Joules of energy are required to change 10 gram of water from 20 C to 90 C?

    answer choices

    1400 J

    2800 J

    210,000 J

    1,400,000 J

  • Question 99
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    Q.  How many joules of heat are needed to raise the temperature of 10.0 g of aluminum from 22°C to 55°C, if the specific heat of aluminum is 0.90 J/gx°C?    
    answer choices
    297 Joules
    0.003 Joules
    297 J/gx°C
    0.003 J/gx°C
  • Question 100
    180 seconds
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    Q. When a  piece of aluminum foil is taken out of the oven and cools from 100° to 50°, What is the change in temperature?
    answer choices
    50°
    100°
    150°
  • Question 101
    300 seconds
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    Q. A high specific heat means...
    answer choices
    It heats up quickly with energy added
    It requires more energy to change temperature
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