8R Earth Interior and Minerals Quiz Review
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  • Question 1
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    Q. This is the layer of the interior of the Earth with the highest temperature.
    answer choices
    Outer Core
    Inner Core
    Mantle
    Crust
  • Question 2
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    Q. This is the sphere of the Earth that is composed of nitrogen and oxygen. 
    answer choices
    Atmosphere
    Hydrosphere
    Lithosphere
    Asthenosphere
  • Question 3
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    Q. This is the sphere of the Earth where clouds are recorded.
    answer choices
    Atmosphere
    Hydrosphere
    Lithosphere
    Asthenosphere
  • Question 4
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    Q. This is the sphere of the Earth that is thinnest under oceans and thickest under mountains. 
    answer choices
    Atmosphere
    Hydrosphere
    Lithosphere
    Asthenosphere
  • Question 5
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    Q. This is the only layer of the interior of the Earth that is liquid. 
    answer choices
    Crust
    Mantle
    Outer Core
    Inner Core
  • Question 6
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    Q. This is the sphere of the Earth that includes oceans, rivers, lakes, and streams. 
    answer choices
    Lithosphere
    Hydrosphere
    Atmosphere
    Asthenosphere
  • Question 7
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    Q. The color of a mineral in its powdered form. 
    answer choices
    Streak
    Hardness
    Color
    Luster
  • Question 8
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    Q. The tendency of a mineral to split along one or more surfaces in a pattern. 
    answer choices
    Cleavage
    Fracture
    Streak
    Hardness
  • Question 9
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    Q. A mineral’s resistance to being scratched. 
    answer choices
    Hardness
    Streak
    Cleavage
    Fracture
  • Question 10
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    Q. The most easily seen property of a mineral. 
    answer choices
    Color
    Streak
    Hardness
    Cleavage
  • Question 11
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    Q. The tendency of a mineral to split with jagged edges. 
    answer choices
    Fracture
    Cleavage
    Hardness
    Streak
  • Question 12
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    Q. If a student picks up a rock, in order for the rock to be considered a mineral it must
    answer choices
    Be a liquid
    Have a crystal structure
    Be man-made
    Be organic
  • Question 13
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    Q. The way light reflects off the surface of a mineral is known as, 
    answer choices
    Luster
    Hardness
    Streak
    Color
  • Question 14
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    Q. Why would minerals have different crystal shapes?
    answer choices
    Light reflects from crystal surfaces
    Energy is released during crystallization
    There are impurities that produce surface Differences
    The way the atoms are arranged in the mineral
  • Question 15
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    Q. A student created the table below by classifying six minerals into two groups, A and B, based on a single characteristic. Which property was used to classify these minerals?
    answer choices
    Color
    Luster
    Chemical Composition
    Hardness
  • Question 16
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    Q. How light shines off a mineral is called a mineral's ________________.
    (dull, metalic, non-metalic)
    answer choices
    streak
    luster
    color
    crystal system
  • Question 17
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    Q. The color of a minerals powder is called its ________________.
    answer choices
    streak
    luster
    color
    crystal system
  • Question 18
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    Q. What is the hardest mineral on Earth?
    answer choices
    talc
    diamond
    ruby
    topaz
  • Question 19
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    Q. ... shown here?
    answer choices
    luster
    hardness
    cleavage
    streak
  • Question 20
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    Q. The ability of a mineral to resist scratching is called ___________.
    answer choices
    Streak
    Fracture
    Hardness
    Cleavage
  • Question 21
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    Q. ______ is the observable tint/look of a mineral.
    answer choices
    Luster
    Streak
    Hardness
    Color
  • Question 22
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    Q. Hardness is a property that helps identify minerals. Scientists use a scale of 1-10 to show the hardness of a mineral. What number would be given to the hardest?
    answer choices
    1
    5
    6
    10
  • Question 23
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    Q. Hardness is a property that helps identify minerals. Scientists use a scale of 1-10 to show the hardness of a mineral. What number would be given to the softest?
    answer choices
    1
    3
    5
    10
  • Question 24
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    Q. ___________ breaks in irregular or with jagged edges.
    answer choices
    properties
    hardness
    cleavage
    fracture
  • Question 25
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    Q. Color of a mineral in powdered form.
    answer choices
    hardness
    streak
    breakage
    density
  • Question 26
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    Q. Which mineral property is being tested in the diagram below?
    answer choices
    Streak
    Cleavage
    Breakage
    Luster
  • Question 27
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    Q. A naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a crystalline structure is a
    answer choices
    Sulfide
    Sulfate
    Mineral
    Element
  • Question 28
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    Q. What mineral is used for pencils?
    answer choices
    Graphite
    Galena
    Magnetite
    Quartz
  • Question 29
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    Q. A mineral is inorganic: True or False
    answer choices
    True
    False
  • Question 30
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    Q. _____ is how light bounces off of a mineral.
    answer choices
    Color
    Hardness
    Luster 
    Streak
  • Question 31
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    Q. How much a mineral resists scratching is
    answer choices
    Streak
    Fracture
    Hardness
    Cleavage
  • Question 32
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    Q. The least useful property when identifying minerals is
    answer choices
    Streak
    Luster
    Color
  • Question 33
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    Q. Why is coal not a mineral?
    answer choices
    It is not living (inorganic)
    It has plant life in it (organic)
  • Question 34
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    Q. A mineral is a living object
    answer choices
    True
    False
  • Question 35
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    Q. What do all rocks have in common?
    answer choices
    same size
    same color
    contain minerals
    same shape
  • Question 36
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    Q. Minerals have different properties to help scientists identify them.  Which is NOT a property used to identify minerals?
    answer choices
    color
    hardness
    size
    luster
  • Question 37
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    Q. What mineral is the softest?
    answer choices
    quartz (7)
    mica (2)
    feldspar (6)
    talc (1)
  • Question 38
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    Q.

    What is the purpose of the scratch test?

    answer choices

    to find if the rock contained calcite

    to find the hardness of the mineral

    to find the color

  • Question 39
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    Q. Using the Mohs Hardness Scale (click the text to see the Scale), name two minerals harder than Fluorite.
    answer choices
    Talc and Calcite
    Gypsum and Quartz
    Quartz and Feldspar
    Diamond and Talc
  • Question 40
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    Q.

    1. Which substance makes up most of the Earth’s crust?

    answer choices

    sandstone

    humus

    rock

    saltwater

  • Question 41
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    Q. Which statement best describes rocks and minerals?
    answer choices
    Rocks are soft and minerals are hard.
    Rocks are large and minerals are small.
    Rocks are large and minerals are small.
    Rocks are a mixture of different minerals.
    Rocks break into minerals because of weathering.
  • Question 42
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    Q. The tendency for a mineral to split along specific planes of weakness to form, smooth flat surfaces.
    answer choices
    Cleavage
    Fracture
    Crystallization
    Fracture
  • Question 43
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    Q. Which of these minerals is softer than glass?
    answer choices
    Topaz 
    Corundum 
    Calcite 
    Orthoclase 
  • Question 44
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    Q. You are in California playing around in a stream when you come across a substance that appears to be gold. Which test would be the most inaccurate in determining if it is gold?
    answer choices
    color
    streak
    hardness
    density
  • Question 45
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    Q. The softest minerals is__________
    answer choices
    Quartz
    Topaz
    Talc
    Amethyst
  • Question 46
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    Q. Which of the following is not true of all minerals?
    answer choices
    Definite Chemical Composition
    Definite Crystalline Shape
    Made in Laboratories
    Solid
  • Question 47
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    Q. Which minerals would all scratch apatite?
    answer choices
    diamond, topaz, quartz
    quartz, calcite, gypsum
    fluorite, talc, calcite
    diamond, fluorite, corundum
  • Question 48
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    Q. Which mineral would scratch calcite but not scratch apatite?
    answer choices
    fluorite
    gypsum
    talc
    topaz
  • Question 49
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    Q. Which of the following minerals will a knife scratch?
    answer choices
    quartz
    orthoclase
    corundum
    apatite
  • Question 50
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    Q. The deeper into Earth you go the...
    answer choices
    greater the pressure
    less pressure
    pressure remains the same
  • Question 51
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    Q. Which layer of Earth is LIQUID?
    answer choices
    upper mantle
    lower mantle
    outer core
    inner core
  • Question 52
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    Q. What are the two kinds of crust?
    answer choices
    lithospheric and asthenospheric
    silicon based and iron based
    continental and oceanic
    outer and inner
  • Question 53
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    Q. Which layer of Earth is the thinnest?
    answer choices
    crust
    mantle
    outer core
    inner core
  • Question 54
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    Q. Which layer of Earth has the GREATEST density?
    answer choices
    crust
    mantle
    outer core
    inner core
  • Question 55
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    Q. Which layer contains soil?
    answer choices
    Mantle
    Asthenosphere
    Crust
    Mesosphere
  • Question 56
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    Q. Which is the source extremely high temperatures in the Earth?
    answer choices
    Volcanoes
    Solar Radiation
    Earthquakes
    Heat created by the formation of the earth
  • Question 57
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    Q. The four layers that make-up the earth’s composition are
    answer choices
    Crust, Lithosphere, Mesosphere and Core
    Lithosphere, Asthenosphere, Mantle and Core
    Crust, Mantle, Outer Core and Inner Core
    Mantle, Outer Core, Lithosphere and Crust
  • Question 58
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    Q. The crust is...
    answer choices
    Thick...same thickness as the other layers
    Thin...the picture on this page shows the correct scal
    Very thin...like an eggshell covering an egg
    Medium thickness...just a little thinner than the mantle and core
  • Question 59
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    Q. ______ is a rock with a fine, dark texture that makes up the oceanic crust.
    answer choices
    Granite
    Gypsum
    Basalt
    Limestone
  • Question 60
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    Q. Scientists think that the __________, made of liquid iron and nickel, moves to produce Earth’s magnetic field.
    answer choices
    crust
    mantle
    outer core
    inner core
  • Question 61
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    Q. What is the inner most layer of Earth?
    answer choices
    core
    outer core
    inner core
    asthenosphere
  • Question 62
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    Q. Which layer of Earth is solid and why?
    answer choices
    The inner core is solid because of movement of the outer core.
    The inner core is solid because of the freezing temperatures.
    The inner core is solid because of the extreme pressure from the other layers.
    The outer core is solid because of the extreme pressure from the other layers.
  • Question 63
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    Q. Which layer of Earth has a temperature of up to 130000 F and is hotter than the sun's surface?
    answer choices
    crust 
    mantle
    outer core
    inner core
  • Question 64
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    Q. Which of Earth's layers is made of SOLID iron and nickel?
    answer choices
    crust 
    mantle
    outer core
    inner core
  • Question 65
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    Q. Which of Earth's layers is made of SOLID iron and nickel?
    answer choices
    crust 
    mantle
    outer core
    inner core
  • Question 66
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    Q.

    How are the materials of the Earths core different from those of the crust (in general)?

    answer choices

    They are harder

    They are more dense

    They are older

    They are darker in color

  • Question 67
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    Q. Which of the following is NOT a mineral?
    answer choices
    Mica
    Gold
    Quartz
    Coal
  • Question 68
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    Q.

    A ____ is a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a repeating pattern.

    answer choices

    crystal

    mineral

    rock

    gem

  • Question 69
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    Q.

    Minerals that contain silicon and oxygen and usually one or more other element are called ________.

    answer choices

    oxysilicone

    oxylates

    silicates

    dirt

  • Question 70
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    Q.

    _____ are valuable minerals that are prized for their rarity and beauty.

    answer choices

    ores

    minerals

    gems

    galenas

  • Question 71
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    Q.

    Which of the following is one of the three most common elements in Earth's crust?

    answer choices

    sodium

    silicon

    iron

    carbon

  • Question 72
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    Q.

    The minerals talc, muscovite mica and quartz are similar because they

    answer choices

    have the same hardness

    are the same color

    contain silicon and oxygen

    break along cleavage planes

  • Question 73
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    Q.

    Which mineral is commonly mined as a source of the element lead (Pb)?

    answer choices

    Galena

    Quartz

    Magnetite

    Gypsum

  • Question 74
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    Q.

    Which of the following elements is NOT found in Plagioclase Feldspar?

    answer choices

    Na

    Al

    Si

    Pb

  • Question 75
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    Q.

    Which mineral has a metallic luster, a black streak, and is an ore of iron?

    answer choices

    Galena

    Magnetite

    Pyroxene

    Graphite

  • Question 76
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    Q.

    The mineral graphite is often used as

    answer choices

    a lubricant

    an abrasive

    a source of iron

    a cementing material

  • Question 77
    60 seconds
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    Q.

    Which physical property of the mineral is most easily seen in the photograph?

    answer choices

    fracture

    hardness

    streak

    cleavage

  • Question 78
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    Q.

    Which mineral will scratch glass (hardness= 5.5), but not pyrite?

    answer choices

    gypsum

    fluorite

    orthoclase

    quartz

  • Question 79
    60 seconds
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    Q. Which test is not reliable in identifying minerals
    answer choices
    streak
    luster
    specific gravity
    color
  • Question 80
    120 seconds
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    Q. A mineral breaks into pieces like are shown in the picture. How would you describe its breakage?
    answer choices
    Fracture
    Cleavage
    Glassy
    Waxy
  • Question 81
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    Q. A mineral breaks into pieces like are shown in the picture. How would you describe its breakage?
    answer choices
    Fracture
    Cleavage
    Glassy
    Waxy
  • Question 82
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    Q.

    A mineral was found with a metallic luster. It was yellow in color and had a greenish black streak. Is it gold?

    answer choices

    yes

    no

  • Question 83
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    Q.

    A mineral was found that can be scratched by quartz but not fluorite. It is green in color but has a colorless streak. What mineral is it?

    answer choices

    Bauxite

    Garnet

    Hornblende

    Feldspar

  • Question 84
    120 seconds
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    Q.

    This mineral has a nonmetallic luster. It is colorless with a colorless streak. A fingernail cannot scratch it and it cannot scratch a fingernail. What mineral is it?

    answer choices

    Halite

    Muscovite

    Galena

    Calcite

  • Question 85
    60 seconds
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    Q. What mineral is what is in pencils?  You can write with it.
    answer choices
    feldspar
    magnetite
    graphite
    kaolinite
  • Question 86
    60 seconds
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    Q. What mineral is known as "fools gold"?
    answer choices
    graphite
    quartz
    galena
    pyrite
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