2019 Fall Final Review
Save
Edit
Host a game
Live GameLive
Homework
Solo Practice
Practice
50 QuestionsShow answers
  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    The illustration above represents the movement of materials involved in a process that is vital for the energy production and transfer needs of an organism.

    What cellular process is taking place and in which organelle is this process occurring?

    answer choices

    The cellular process is glucose production, and it takes place in the ribosome.

    The cellular process is photosynthesis, and it takes place in the chloroplast.

    The cellular process is respiration, and it takes place in the mitochondrion.

    The cellular process is water storage, and it takes place in the vacuole.

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    If a male horse has 64 chromosomes in his body cells, how many chromosomes are in each of his sex cells?

    answer choices

    16

    32

    64

    128

  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    What is the purpose of ATP in both cellular respiration and photosynthesis?

    answer choices

    To breakdown glucose to release energy

    To work as an enzyme

    To absorb electrons from water

    To transfer energy from one molecule to another

  • Question 4
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    The graphs below show the relative concentrations of two gases in the air surrounding a group of mice.

    Which process in the mice most likely accounts for the changes shown?

    answer choices

    Reproduction

    Excretion

    Respiration

    Active transport

  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Analyze the graphic above. Which of the following statements accurately names and describes the function of the organelle labeled A?

    answer choices

    A mitochondrion produces energy from food to power cellular processes.

    A mitochondrion produces food using radiant energy.

    A chloroplast produces energy from food to power cellular processes.

    A chloroplast produces food using radiant energy.

  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Cellular respiration can be expressed as the following equation:

    answer choices

    CH4 + 2 O2 → CO2 + 2 H2O + energy

    6 H2O + 6 CO2 → C6H12O6 + 6 O2

    C6H12O6 + Zymase → 2 C2H5OH + 2 CO2

    C6H12O6 + 6 O2 → 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ~38 ATP

  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Which of the following are cells formed by meiosis?

    answer choices

    Cells to repair damage in an organism

    Cells for the growth of an organism

    Cells that are gametes

    Cells with identical genetic material to the parent cell

  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Analyze the graphic above. Which of the following statements accurately names and describes the function of the organelle labeled B?

    answer choices

    A mitochondrion produces energy from food to power cellular processes.

    A mitochondrion produces food using radiant energy.

    A chloroplast produces energy from food to power cellular processes.

    A chloroplast produces food using radiant energy.

  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    In sexual reproduction, gametes are —

    answer choices

    haploid, because they only receive one copy of each chromosome

    diploid, because they only receive one copy of each chromosome

    haploid, because they receive two copies of each chromosome

    diploid, because they receive two copies of each chromosome

  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Meiosis is an essential part of sexual reproduction. This is because meiosis creates sex cells that have —

    answer choices

    one-third the normal number of chromosomes.

    one-half the normal number of chromosomes.

    three-fourths the normal number of chromosomes.

    one-fourth the normal number of chromosomes.

  • Question 11
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    The diagram shows a process that can affect chromosomes during meiosis.

    This process explains —

    answer choices

    how new combinations of traits originate in offspring.

    why parents produce genetically identical offspring.

    why some cells become specialized in offspring.

    how cell differentiation occurs in offspring.

  • Question 12
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    In cattle, the allele for short horns (S) is dominant over the allele for long horns (s). Two short-horn cows are bred and produce four offspring. Three have short horns and one has long horns. What are the most likely genotypes of the parents?

    answer choices

    SS and ss

    Ss and Ss

    SS and Ss

    ss and ss

  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Blood type is controlled by inheriting any two of the following alleles: |A, |B, or II.

    |A codes for type A blood. |B Codes for Type B blood. Both |A and |B are codominant. The I allele is recessive and will cause Type O blood whenever two copies of the allele are present.

    If a mother has Type AB blood (|A|B) and a father has Type O blood (II), what percentage of their children are likely to have Type A blood?

    answer choices

    0%

    25%

    50%

    100%

  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    A variety of corn can produce yellow or white seeds. Yellow is dominant. White is recessive. If an ear of corn contains only white corn, it must be —

    answer choices

    homozygous recessive

    heterozygous recessive

    heterozygous dominant

    homozygous dominant

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Refer to the diagram. Arrange the stages in order.

    answer choices

    I, II, III, IV, V, VI

    VI, II, I, IV, V, III

    III, VI, I, IV, II, V

    V, III, IV, I, II, VI

  • Question 16
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    In guinea pigs, the allele for rough coat (R) is dominant over the allele for smooth coat (r). A heterozygous guinea pig and a homozygous recessive guinea pig are mated. Which of the following would be the percentages of possible offspring phenotypes?

    answer choices

    100% rough coat

    100% smooth coat

    50% rough coat and 50% smooth coat

    75% rough coat and 25% smooth coat

  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    If a defective gene occurs on the X-chromosome, it will normally be transmitted to male offspring only by —

    answer choices

    segregation

    the father

    the mother

    mutation

  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    During prophase, chromosomes become visible, the spindle forms, and the nucleolus and nuclear envelope disappear. In which cellular process does prophase occur?

    answer choices

    Mitosis

    DNA replication

    Interphase

    Growth phase

  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    In certain rats, the allele for black fur is dominant over the allele for white fur. If two rats that are both heterozygous for fur color are mated several times, their offspring would be expected to have —

    answer choices

    three different genotypes and two different colors.

    three different genotypes and three different colors.

    two different genotypes and three different colors.

    four different genotypes and two different colors.

  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Delray has dimples and his wife does not. Delray has a homozygous dominant genotype for dimples, and his wife has a homozygous recessive genotype for no dimples. If Delray and his wife decide to have children, then which Punnett square correctly shows the probability of them having a child with dimples?

    answer choices
  • Question 21
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    If single-celled organisms did not undergo the cell cycle, they could not —

    answer choices

    reproduce.

    die

    replicate DNA

    function

  • Question 22
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    The diagram illustrates the process of cell division.

    What is the significance of anaphase in this process?

    answer choices

    Anaphase ensures that each daughter cell receives half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.

    Anaphase ensures that each daughter cell receives different chromosomes than the parent cell.

    Anaphase ensures that each daughter cell receives twice as many chromosomes as the parent cell.

    Anaphase ensures that each daughter cell receives the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell.

  • Question 23
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    A student is investigating mitosis by examining detailed pictures of the process. The student wants to observe the formation of the nuclear envelope around the chromosomes. The student should focus on pictures of which phase of mitosis?

    answer choices

    prophase

    metaphase

    anaphase

    telophase

  • Question 24
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Which of the following will increase the rate at which carbon dioxide is being added to the Earth’s atmosphere?

    answer choices

    An increase in the combustion of fossil fuels

    Humans planting trees in the Amazon forest

    An increase in the area of preserved forests

    Solar energy usage replacing use of fossil fuels

  • Question 25
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    A food chain contains oak trees (producer), mice (herbivore), black rat snakes (carnivore), and bald eagles (carnivore). If these organisms were placed in an energy pyramid, which organism would be in the energy level with the second-most amount of energy available?

    answer choices

    OakTrees

    Mice

    Black Rat Snakes

    Bald Eagles

  • Question 26
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Bacteria in soil converts nitrogen from the air and decaying biotic material into nitrates that are used by plants to produce protein. How does this process benefit the ecosystem?

    answer choices

    Protein created from this process is converted into oxygen that all organisms in the ecosystem use.

    Reduces the chances of getting an infection from decaying material for organisms in the ecosystem

    Provides a source for a vital molecule from the producers in the ecosystem

    Reduces the nitrogen concentration in the air which improves air quality in the ecosystem

  • Question 27
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    The table below displays four events of mitosis in no particular order.

    Which mitotic event in the table occurs after the other three events have taken place?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

  • Question 28
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    What is lost to the environment at each of the trophic levels of this ecosystem?

    answer choices

    Nutrients from the soil

    Living space for the organisms

    Food sources

    Heat

  • Question 29
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Which of the following describes what happens at the end of the M phase and before the G1 phase of the cell cycle?

    answer choices

    The cell grows in size

    The nucleus divides

    Cytokinesis occurs

    DNA replicates

  • Question 30
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Which diagram best represents mitotic cell division?

    answer choices
  • Question 31
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Oxpeckers are birds that sit on zebras and rhinos and eat ticks and other parasites that live on their skin. The oxpeckers get food and, in return, the zebras and rhinos get pest control. When there is danger, the oxpeckers fly upward and scream a warning to help the zebras and rhinos.


    Which of the following correctly identifies the symbiotic relationship between the oxpeckers and the zebras?

    answer choices

    commensalism

    mutualism

    parasitism

    predation

  • Question 32
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    The amount of energy the producers, in this energy pyramid, provide the primary consumers is 54,000 joules. From this amount, 540 joules are provided to the tertiary consumers.

    Based on this model, how much of the energy was provided to secondary consumers?

    answer choices

    53,460 J

    5,400 J

    540 J

    54 J

  • Question 33
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    In any environment or ecosystem, organisms can have several different types of relationships.Three types of relationships are described below.

    Which of these correctly describes the relationships between the organisms?

    answer choices

    X: mutualism

    Y: parasitism

    Z: commensalism

    X: commensalism

    Y: mutualism

    Z: parasitism

    X: parasitism

    Y: commensalism

    Z: mutualism

    X: commensalism

    Y: parasitism

    Z: mutualism

  • Question 34
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Enzymes are proteins that help increase the rate of chemical reactions inside cells. These proteins are composed of many simpler molecules called amino acids. Which of the following suggests that the shape of an enzyme determines the enzyme’s function?

    answer choices

    Enzymes are specific to a substrate.

    Enzymes can operate in a wide range of conditions.

    Enzymes are activated by neighboring molecules.

    Enzymes can be found in all life-forms.

  • Question 35
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    The diagram shows a partial East Texas food web.

    Which table correctly classifies these organisms?

    answer choices
  • Question 36
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Surtsey is an island located south of Iceland. The island was formed by a volcanic eruption and first appeared in 1963. The table below contains descriptions of changes in the population and diversity of species on Surtsey.

    Which of these lists the descriptions in the correct order of ecological succession on Surtsey?

    answer choices

    I, II, IV, III

    III, I, II, IV

    IV, III, I, II

    II, IV, I, III

  • Question 37
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    How does the cell membrane help maintain homeostasis for the cell?

    answer choices

    By providing a circular structure for all cells

    By making proteins to provide the cell with energy

    By regulating the transport of substances in and out of the cell

    By storing food as future energy for the cell

  • Question 38
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    In 1960, scientists discovered a molecule that was used to carry genetic information in the nucleus to ribosomes. This information is used to make proteins that are used to perform various functions for an organism. Which biomolecule is used to transmit genetic information?

    answer choices

    carbohydrates

    lipids

    proteins

    nucleic acids

  • Question 39
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Enchanted Rock State Natural Area is located in Central Texas. Enchanted Rock is a dome of granite. The area contains four easily identifiable communities. The table describes characteristics of each type of community in the area.

    A student studying primary succession should focus on which of these communities?

    answer choices

    Open oak woodland

    Mesquite grassland

    Floodplain

    Granite rock

  • Question 40
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Diffusion and osmosis are both vital to cell function. Diffusion and osmosis are similar in that they are both types of –

    answer choices

    protein synthesis processes

    passive transport processes

    cellular replication processes

    cellular metabolism processes

  • Question 41
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Carbohydrates and lipids both serve as a source of energy for organisms. What kind(s) of energy are provided by carbohydrates and lipids?

    answer choices

    Lipids provide a quick source of energy, while carbohydrates provide long-term energy storage.

    Carbohydrates provide a quick source of energy, while lipids provide long-term energy storage.

    Both carbohydrates and lipids provide a quick source of energy.

    Both carbohydrates and lipids provide long-term energy storage.

  • Question 42
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    The graphs show the reaction rate for an enzyme across a range of temperatures and pH.

    Based on these data, this enzyme functions best at what temperature and pH?

    answer choices

    Temperature of 27°C and a pH of 4

    Temperature of 37°C and a pH of 6

    Temperature of 40°C and a pH of 8

    Temperature of 50°C and a pH of 10

  • Question 43
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    One of the main functions of the semi-permeable cell membrane is to maintain homeostasis for the cell. Semi-permeable means that only some molecules are allowed to cross the membrane and others are not. What molecule enables large molecules to cross the membrane?

    answer choices

    carbohydrates

    lipids

    proteins

    nucleic acids

  • Question 44
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Which group of organelles is directly responsible for the production of new molecules within a cell?

    answer choices

    Ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum, and the Golgi apparatus

    Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, and the plasma membrane

    The endoplasmic reticulum, plastids, and vacuoles

    The nucleolus, vacuoles, and ribosomes

  • Question 45
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Two biomolecules are shown.

    Which of the following best describes these biomolecules?

    answer choices

    Molecule X and Molecule Y are both carbohydrates.

    Molecule X is a nucleic acid, and Molecule Y is a carbohydrate.

    Molecule X and Molecule Y are both nucleic acids.

    Molecule X is a lipid, and Molecule Y is a nucleic acid.

  • Question 46
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    A model of the cell membrane shows many different molecules that perform various functions for the cell.

    Some of these molecules keep the contents inside of the cell separated from the contents outside of the cell. Others allow certain materials to be transported across the membrane. A few provide signals that can alter cell behavior, and some provide stability for the membrane.


    Which molecule separates the contents inside of the cell from the contents outside of the cell?

    answer choices

    carbohydrates

    lipids

    proteins

    nucleic acids

  • Question 47
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Which of the following describes osmosis?

    answer choices

    Oxygen transfers into red blood cells through small gaps in the cell membrane from the oxygen-rich environment surrounding the cells.

    Large molecules are brought into the cell by wrapping the cell membrane around the molecules to form a vacuole.

    Water moves across the cell membrane from the side with high osmotic pressure towards the side with low osmotic pressure.

    Membrane proteins provide a pathway for larger particles to move across the cell membrane and bring the cell and environment closer to equilibrium.

  • Question 48
    45 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    A few drops of Lugol's iodine solution placed in a beaker of water will turn the water red. A starch solution was poured into a length of dialysis tubing, and the ends were tied. The starch solution was white. The tubing was then dropped into the beaker of iodine solution. After 10 minutes, the white starch solution turned black, and the iodine water remained red.


    If the dialysis tubing represents a cell membrane in this demonstration, what process is being observed in the changing color of the starch solution?

    answer choices

    Iodine cannot pass through a membrane.

    A semipermeable membrane will diffuse selected molecules.

    Starch can be easily diffused through a membrane.

    A permeable membrane diffuses chemicals in and out of its surface.

  • Question 49
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    Students are discussing what they know about cellular transport. Their explanations are displayed in the table.

    Which student(s) gave an accurate statement regarding cellular transport?

    answer choices

    Student 1 only

    Students 1 and 2

    Students 1, 2, and 4

    Students 2, 3, and 4

  • Question 50
    30 seconds
    Report question
    Q.

    A scientist observes two cells. Cell 1 and Cell 2 both contain DNA (genetic material) and ribosomes. However, Cell 1 contains a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles, which Cell 2 does not.


    What is the correct classification for each of the cells?

    answer choices

    Cell 1 = Eukaryotic, Cell 2 = Prokaryotic

    Cell 1 = Prokaryotic, Cell 2 = Eukaryotic

    Cell 1 = Eubacteria, Cell 2 = Archaea

    Cell 1 = Archaea, Cell 2 = Eubacteria

Report Quiz
Why show ads?
Report Ad
Join a game