Fossils SciOly 2020
3 days ago
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  • Question 1
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    Q.

    Identify to the lowest taxonomic level on the Fossils List.

    answer choices

    Genus Calamites

    Genus Populus

    Genus Acer

    Genus Platanus

  • Question 2
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    Q.

    Identify to the lowest taxonomic level on the Fossils List.

    answer choices

    Genus Psaronius

    Genus Glossopteris

    Genus Calamites

    Genus Ginkgo

  • Question 3
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    Q.

    During what Geologic Era did this specimen become very prevalent in?

    answer choices

    Triassic

    Carboniferous

    Devonian

    Permian

  • Question 4
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    Q. this type of fossil is a mark or cavity made in sediment in the shape of a shell or other body
    answer choices
    cast
    trace
    petrified
    mold
  • Question 5
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    Q. this type of fossil is a mold filled with sediment that creates a solid copy of an organism
    answer choices
    mold
    petrified
    cast
    trace
  • Question 6
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    Q. this type of fossil provides evidence of the activities of ancient organisms; examples include marks left by footprints or tails
    answer choices
    mold
    carbon film
    trace
    cast
  • Question 7
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    Q. Why do bones and teeth remain as part of some fossils?
    answer choices
    they are white
    bones are large
    the parts are hard 
    bones decay easily
  • Question 8
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    Q. Fossils of fish are found under land where cows now live. What does this tell you?
    answer choices
    the fish were dropped their by flying birds
    this land was once under the ocean
    farmers fed the fish to the cows
    fish used to live on land
  • Question 9
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    Q.

    In which kind of rock do we usually find a fossil?

    answer choices

    sedimentary rock

    igneous rock

    metamorphic rock

  • Question 10
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    Q. Which fossil layer is the youngest? 
    answer choices
    A. Layer A
    B. Layer B
    C. Layer C
    D. Layer D
  • Question 11
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    Q. What type of fossil is this?
    answer choices
    Mold
    Cast
    Preserved remains
    Trace fossil
  • Question 12
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    Q. According to the law of superposition, which layer is the youngest?
    answer choices
    A
    B
    C
  • Question 13
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    Q. The era that dinosaurs ruled the Earth's land, air and oceans.
    answer choices
    Cenozoic
    Paleozoic
    Precambrian
    Mesozoic
  • Question 14
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    Q. Which of the following correctly lists the layers of rock in order from youngest to oldest?
    answer choices
    A, B, C, D, E
    B, C, D, E, A
    E, D, A, B, C
    C, B, A, D, E
  • Question 15
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    Q. Which gas was introduced by stromatolites and allowed for more complex life to exist on Earth?
    answer choices
    oxygen
    carbon dioxide
    sulfur oxides
    water vapor
  • Question 16
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    Q.

    Algae fossils that are the oldest found on Earth (to date)

    answer choices

    Outgassing

    Glacial ice cores

    Banded iron formations

    Stromatolites

  • Question 17
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    Q. Radiometric dating is possible because the rates of decay of radioactive isotopes _____.
    answer choices
    change over time
    change from place to place
    are constant
    vary widely
  • Question 18
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    Q. Using ESRT (A) [Radioactive Decay Data], what is the half-life in standard notation of Uranium-238?
    answer choices
    4,500 years
    450,000 years
    4,500,000 years
    4,500,000,000 years
  • Question 19
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    Q.

    Which mass extinction was the most recent?

    answer choices

    Devonian

    Permian

    Ordovician

    Cretaceous-Tertiary

    Triassic-Jurassic

  • Question 20
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    Q.

    Which mass extinction happened in the most distant past?

    answer choices

    Devonian

    Permian

    Ordovician

    Cretaceous-Tertiary

    Triassic-Jurassic

  • Question 21
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    Q.

    Identify the specimen to the lowest taxonomic level on the Fossils List.

    answer choices

    Genus Pecopteris

    Genus Platanus

    Genus Metasequoia

    Genus Ginkgo

  • Question 22
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    Q.

    Identify the mode of preservation

    answer choices

    Amber

    Carbonization

    Freezing

    Petrification

  • Question 23
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    Q.

    Identify the mode of preservation

    answer choices

    Amber

    Carbonization

    Freezing

    Petrification

  • Question 24
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Identify the mode of preservation

    answer choices

    Amber

    Carbonization

    Freezing

    Petrification

  • Question 25
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    Q. Tiktaalik gives us clues on how life has come from:
    answer choices
    land to sea.
    sea to earth.
    life to death.
    too far to us.
  • Question 26
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    Q. Can preserve skin, muscle, hair, and internal organs. Remains are thoroughly dried
    answer choices
    Carbonization
    Permineralization 
    Mold
    Freezing
  • Question 27
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    Q. Which fossil shows the transition from dinosaurs to birds?
    answer choices
    Archaeopteryx  
    Tiktaalik
    Australopithecus
    Cooksonia
  • Question 28
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    Q. When did the first mammals appear?
    answer choices
    Triassic
    Jurassic 
    Cretaceous 
    Hologene
  • Question 29
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    Q. According to this cladogram, sharks are MOST closely related to which organism? 
    answer choices
    Amphibians
    Ray finned fish
    Crocodiles
    Birds
  • Question 30
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    Q. Which two orgainsms have hair? 
    answer choices
    Sharks & Ray Finned Fish
    Primates & Rodents
    Birds & Crocodiles
    Rabbits & Birds
  • Question 31
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    Q. According to this cladogram, birds are LEAST related to: 
    answer choices
    Amphibians
    Sharks
    Ray Finned Fish
    Crocodiles
  • Question 32
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    Q.

    What is D?

    answer choices

    Aquifer

    Sedimentary rock

    Fault

    Igneous intrusion

  • Question 33
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    Q.

    Identify the specimen to the lowest taxonomic level on the Fossils List.

    answer choices

    H. sapien

    H. neanderthalensis

    Genus Homo (hominin

    M. primigenius

  • Question 34
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    Q.

    Identify the specimen to the lowest taxonomic level on the Fossils List.

    answer choices

    Genus Dimetrodon

    Genus Lystrosaurus

    Genus Iguanodon

    Genus Maiasaura

  • Question 35
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    Q.

    Identify the specimen to the lowest taxonomic level on the Fossils List.

    answer choices

    Class Asteroida

    Class Echinoidea

    Genus Pentremites

    Genus Conus

  • Question 36
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    Q.

    Identify the specimen to the lowest taxonomic level on the Fossils List.

    answer choices

    Class Favosites

    Class Cryptolithus

    Genus Calymene

    Genus Elrathia

  • Question 37
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    Q.

    The lizard has all these derived characteristics EXCEPT

    answer choices

    Jaws

    Lungs

    Bipedal

    Amniotic Membrane

  • Question 38
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    Q.

    How long ago was common ancestor in this phylogenetic tree alive?

    answer choices

    53.7-54.1 mya

    61.5-61.9 mya

    50.7-54.9 mya

    37.9-46.5 mya

  • Question 39
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    Q.

    What is the name of this rock?

    answer choices

    Rock Salt

    Limestone

    Coquina

    Shale

  • Question 40
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    Q. Many Pleistocene fossils can be found in La Brea Tar pits.  Where is La Brea Tar Pits? 
    answer choices
    Los Angeles, California
    Wyoming
    Kalispell, Montana
    Canada
  • Question 41
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    Q. Did sabertooths live at the time of dinosaurs? 
    answer choices
    YES
    NO
    NOT sure
  • Question 42
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    Q.

    What type of trace fossil is pictured?

    answer choices

    tracks

    borings

    repair scars

    coprolite

  • Question 43
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Identify the specimen to the lowest taxonomic level on the Fossils List.

    answer choices

    Class Asteroida

    Class Ginkgo

    Genus Pentremites

    Genus Conus

  • Question 44
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    Q.

    During what Geologic Era did this specimen become very prevalent in?

    answer choices

    Silurian

    Permian

    Devonian

    Cambrian

  • Question 45
    30 seconds
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    Q.

    Identify the specimen to the lowest taxonomic level on the Fossils List.

    answer choices

    Class Atrypa

    Class Leptaena

    Genus Calymene

    Genus Lingula

  • Question 46
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    Q.

    During what Geologic Era did this specimen first evolve?

    answer choices

    Ordovician

    Permian

    Devonian

    Cambrian

  • Question 47
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    Q.

    Identify the specimen to the lowest taxonomic level on the Fossils List.

    answer choices

    Genus Mammut

    Genus Titanus

    Genus Equus

    Genus Mesohippus

  • Question 48
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    Q.

    During what Geologic Era did this specimen first evolve?

    answer choices

    Paleogene

    Quaternary

    Jurassic

    Carboniferous

  • Question 49
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    Q.

    Sorting through the water for plankton or organic matter

    answer choices

    filter feeder

    scavenger

    water vascular system

    arthropoda

  • Question 50
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    Q.

    Organisms that consume dead organisms

    answer choices

    scavenger

    filter feeder

    Echinodermata

    Aristotle's Lantern

  • Question 51
    60 seconds
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    Q.

    Which terms are true of bivalves such as oysters and clams? (Select ALL that apply)

    answer choices

    bilateral symmetry

    filter feeder

    highly intelligent

    invertebrate

    have tentacles

  • Question 52
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    Q.

    What are filter feeders?

    answer choices

    A large pile of living organisms and the animals that live among them.

    An organism that attaches onto another organism and feeds off of it.

    Animals that feed by removing tiny bits of food from the water.

    Animals that use sunlight to obtain nutrients.

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