Cold War Review!!!! Homework and Quiz
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  • Question 1
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    Q.

    How did the United States help to stabilize Europe after World War II?

    answer choices

    The United States provided economic aid.

    The United States provided military forces.

    The United States provided government support.

    The United States provided educational opportunities.

  • Question 2
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    Q.

    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed in 1949. What is the agreement among the nations that formed NATO?

    answer choices

    to ally in common defense

    to prevent the spread of infectious diseases

    to share the costs of developing new technology

    to provide nuclear weapons to member nations

  • Question 3
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    Q.

    These countries saw major changes in governance as a result of which action?


    Eastern European Revolutions of 1989

    • Poland

    • Hungary

    • East Germany

    • Bulgaria

    • Czechoslovakia

    answer choices

    participation in the global economy

    approval of democratic constitutions

    widespread demonstrations for political rights

    assistance from foreign occupying powers

  • Question 4
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    Q.

    How did Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty fulfill this mission during the Cold War?

    answer choices

    by encouraging active military engagement against Soviet forces

    by developing political treaties to aid nations in conflict

    by broadcasting programs that promoted Western values

    by blocking programming for citizens in Soviet Russia

  • Question 5
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    Q.

    How did the creation of North Atlantic Treaty after World War II affect international politics?

    answer choices

    It created lasting peace agreements among all European nations.

    It provided protection for the member nations against any outside military attacks.

    It required member nations to pay for all of the military forces in Europe after World War II.

    It supported all European nations with the financial resources needed to rebuild after World War II.

  • Question 6
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    Q.

    What was a MAIN cause of revolutions in 20th century Latin America?

    answer choices

    creation of international trade agreements

    popular movements against authoritarian rule

    establishment of federal civil rights legislation

    employment opportunities for native peoples

  • Question 7
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    Q.

    Which issue has caused an ongoing conflict between Israel and its neighboring nations?

    answer choices

    decline of the local tourism industry

    control over disputed territories

    public funding for road construction

    commercial access to the Mediterranean Sea

  • Question 8
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    Q.

    Why was the increase in defense spending by President Ronald Reagan considered historically important?

    answer choices

    The decision by the Soviet Union to commit most industrial production to military growth led to its economic collapse.

    The lack of government investment in private industry contributed to a period of global economic stagnation.

    The cost of experimental technologies prevented involvement in Middle Eastern conflicts.

    The need for inexpensive production encouraged the development of free-trade agreements.

  • Question 9
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    Q.

    Which was a contributing factor to the end of the Cold War?

    answer choices

    expansion of military might in the arms race

    infrequent summits held around a variety of issues

    creation of the international system of laws to force peace between the nations

    establishment of peaceful relations between the United States and the Soviet Union

  • Question 10
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    Q.

    • Unsupportable military spending

    • Major nuclear power plant meltdown

    • Weaknesses of economic system

    These factors helped to bring about what shift in world power?

    answer choices

    the expansion of the United States overseas

    the collapse of the Soviet Union

    the creation of the European Union

    the decline of the British Empire

  • Question 11
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    Q.

    Revolutions of 1989

    • Poland

    • Hungary

    • East Germany

    • Bulgaria

    • Czechoslovakia

    • Romania

    How did Central and Eastern Europe change as a result of the events listed in the chart?

    answer choices

    capitalism decreased

    communism decreased

    immigration decreased

    international trade decreased

  • Question 12
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    Q.

    Which characteristic do these countries have in common?

    • North Korea

    • China

    • Cuba

    • Vietnam

    answer choices

    They privatized industry to maximize profits.

    They adopted reforms to extend political freedoms.

    They have maintained communist governments.

    They have developed free market economies.

  • Question 13
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    Q.

    What effect did the Iron Curtain have on countries in Central and Eastern Europe?

    answer choices

    It promoted travel to Western Europe.

    It increased trade with Western Europe.

    It hindered interaction with Western Europe.

    It prevented ideological conflicts with Western Europe.

  • Question 14
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    Q.

    The oil embargo by OPEC members was a response to the United States’ support of which Middle Eastern nation?

    answer choices

    Egypt

    Iran

    Israel

    Turkey

  • Question 15
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    Q.

    How did U.S. military decisions during the Vietnam War affect the environment in Southeast Asia?

    answer choices

    The use of tactical herbicides led to widespread deforestation throughout Southeast Asia.

    The application of herbicides in Southeast Asia reduced insect populations and increased food supplies.

    The introduction of chemical weapons created large tracts of land for farming once the forests were destroyed.

    The destruction of the environment around the shipping channels led to a reduction of the fishing industry.

  • Question 16
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    Q.

    In 1989, which Eastern European country was the first to end communist rule and form a democratic government?

    answer choices

    Bulgaria

    Hungary

    Lithuania

    Poland

  • Question 17
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    Q.

    Which statement describes the result of the partition of Korea after World War II?

    answer choices

    It prevented the outbreak of a civil war by establishing an official border.

    It aided reconstruction by dividing responsibilities between two countries.

    It led to the creation of a United Nations territorial mandate.

    It contributed to the start of a major conflict in the Cold War.

  • Question 18
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    Q.

    How did the Cuban Missile Crisis affect international politics?

    answer choices

    It intensified the development of nuclear weapons during the Cold War.

    It limited communication between the United States and the Soviet Union.

    It improved means of communication between the United States and the Soviet Union.

    It ended conflict between democratic and communist nations during the Cold War.

  • Question 19
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    Q.

    Which organization was established in reaction to the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)?

    answer choices

    African Union

    United Nations

    Warsaw Pact

    World Bank

  • Question 20
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    Q.

    How did the Soviet Union work to achieve military equality with the United States in 1949?

    answer choices

    breaking ties with China

    testing the atomic bomb

    annexing unconquered territory

    invading South Korea

  • Question 21
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    Q.

    Which U.S. action is the BEST example of the expansion of the Truman Doctrine?

    answer choices

    entry into the Korean War

    military intervention in Kosovo

    support of the policy of détente

    entry into the arms race

  • Question 22
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    Q.

    Which groups are in conflict over claims to Palestinian territory?

    answer choices

    Syrians and Greeks

    Italians and Algerians

    Arabs and Jews

    Turks and Kurds

  • Question 23
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    Q.

    What was one effect of the Chinese Cultural Revolution?

    answer choices

    Increased influence of Western culture in China strengthened foreign trade relations.

    Five-year plans in China led to increased levels of industrialization and productivity.

    Education reforms led to the diminished authority of the communist government in China.

    Economic and educational systems in China suffered from extreme instability.

  • Question 24
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    Q.

    Which of these events initiated the Suez Crisis in 1956?

    answer choices

    Egypt took control of the Suez Canal.

    Israel occupied territory bordering the Suez Canal.

    The Soviet Union restricted shipment of oil through the Suez Canal.

    Great Britain broke its promise to finance construction of the Suez Canal.

  • Question 25
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    Q.

    The Cold War began due to confrontations over post-WWII decisions made about which part of the world?

    answer choices

    Africa

    Middle East

    Europe

    North America

  • Question 26
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    Q.

    Which of these was an effect of the 1978 Camp David Accords?

    answer choices

    Palestine was recognized as an independent state.

    The United States withdrew economic aid to Egypt.

    The Arab League signed a peace agreement with Israel.

    Israel agreed to return land on the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt.

  • Question 27
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    Q.

    Which of these BEST describes the Iron Curtain?

    answer choices

    a natural barrier that isolated Europe from Asia

    a physical wall built to protect Asian countries from European countries

    a water route that increased trade between Western Europe and the Soviet Union

    a political division that separated Soviet-controlled countries from Western Europe

  • Question 28
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    Q.

    Which evidence would BEST demonstrate the effectiveness of the Marshall Plan?

    answer choices

    scientific data evaluating the wartime destruction of cities

    economic data showing recovery from wartime devastation

    statistics for wartime soldiers who were retrained for new jobs

    population growth rates reflecting the result of wartime casualties

  • Question 29
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    Q.

    How did the policies of glasnost (political openness) and perestroika (economic restructuring) affect the Soviet Union in the late 1980s?

    answer choices

    The policies relaxed the restrictions on political speech and provided some open markets.

    Eastern European countries under communist control started to seek independence from the Soviet Union.

    Gorbachev’s policies ended the collapse of the Soviet Union and helped it achieve superpower status again.

    The Soviet Union quickly adopted a western-style democracy and created a bill of rights to protect its citizens.

  • Question 30
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    Q.

    Which major factor led to the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947?

    answer choices

    loyalties to colonial governments

    issues concerning economic markets

    differences associated with religious beliefs

    conflicts regarding voting requirements

  • Question 31
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    Q.

    Which US policy was influenced by the domino theory?

    answer choices

    changes in immigration quotas

    the enforcement of the Civil Rights Act

    escalation of the war in Vietnam

    the space exploration program

  • Question 32
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    Q.

    Which event does this list describe?

    • Led by Pol Pot

    • Population relocated from cities to rural areas

    • Food shortages and political violence killed an estimated 1.7 million people

    answer choices

    the actions of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia

    the long march taken by the Red Army in China

    the tactics of the Viet Cong in South Vietnam

    the Japanese occupation of Manchuria

  • Question 33
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    Q.

    Mao Zedong

    1934 - became a leader of the Communist party during the Long March

    1937 - fought alongside the Kuomintang to repel invading Japanese army

    1946 - led the People’s Liberation Army in the Chinese Civil War

    1949 - took control of China as Chairman of the People’s Republic

    Based on these events, Mao Zedong was important to Chinese history because he

    answer choices

    established the first communist government in eastern Asia.

    gained military support from the Japanese military.

    ended China’s participation in the United Nations.

    established a nationalist government in Taiwan.

  • Question 34
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    Q.

    Initiatives of President Eisenhower

    • Creation of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 1958

    • Passage of the National Defense Education Act (NDEA), 1958

    • Development of the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), 1958

    Which event MOST motivated the initiatives listed in the chart?

    answer choices

    the development of nuclear weapons by China

    the increase in acid rain in Germany

    the depletion of the ozone layer in Brazil

    the launch of a satellite by the Soviet Union

  • Question 35
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    Q.

    Which U.S. government agency was established to pursue technological advances during the Cold War?

    answer choices

    Agency for International Development

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    Environmental Protection Agency

    Rural Electrification Administration

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