What does Fraternity mean?
Type of society at an American University
An alliance of fellow thinkers
What is Collectivism? (2 answers)
The interest of the group should take priority over the self interests of the individual
The desire to take ownership of items of value to the particular individual
This utilises the capabilities of the whole of society, avoiding the wastefulness of competitive individual output
The need of the many outweighs the needs of the few and most especially the one.
Who was Karl Marx?
The German philosopher who helped devise Socialism
The 1980s soft rock star who performed the song "Hazard"
The founder of Marks and Spencers
The real name of Friedrich Engels
What do Socialists mean by the term "co-operation"?
A business, banking and supermarket chain run on Socialist principles
Carrying out two medical operations at the same time
Human beings should avoid working together, and take a more individualist approach to life
Human beings naturally prefer to co-operate with, rather than work against, each other
How do Socialists justify equality? (2 answers)
Social equality is a means of satisfying basic human needs
Because life isn't fair, so you should make an effort to correct this
Its about the need to have equal amounts of stuff - food, drink, money etc.
Social equality reinforces collectivism
What is meant by the term "common ownership"? (2 answers)
Green spaces in the centre of town, should be controlled collectively
As wealth is created by the communal endeavour of humans, it should be owned collectively and not by individuals
Everybody should own something, this brings society together and fosters community
Private property encourages materialism and fosters the false belief that personal wealth brings fulfilment
Why do opponents reject the idea of social equality? (2 answers)
It lowers human ambition, motivation and initiative
Life isn't fair, so people should learn to live with it
Because equality would just be so fabulous!
It restricts diversity and individuality
According to Socialists, class will always exist in society
Social Democrats argue that social class is not fluid
What is meant by the concept of syndicalism?
Franchises for small businesses
Trade Union control
What was Guild Socialism?
An Arts and Crafts movement led by William Wilberforce
Stalin's campaign to increase production during Five Year Plans
A campaign during First World War to bring workers' control to war industries
A french movement calling for a general strike and radical socialism
Who are the bourgeoisie?
Middle and upper classes
A form of revisionism
A French form of fast food
What is Revisionism?
The need to prepare for your exams this summer
All politicians need to study hard so they have a full understanding of a Marxist economy
A revised political theory that modifies the established or traditional view
A Latin American doctrine promoting a Christian Socialist position
Which of these points does Keynesian economists call for? (2 answers)
Spend or invest money to stimulate the economy and boost demand in times of recession
Complete deregulation of the economy to encourage growth and innovation
Use taxation and interest rates to manage demand within the economy, sustaining growth and deterring recession
The need to build new towns structured around economic development and opportunities
What was the Third Way?
A new tube line through central London
A middle way between Democratic Socialism and Conservatism
A phrase invented by Tony Blair and Bill Clinton in a Birmingham pub.
A Socialist philosophy arguing against the use of the market and in favour of Nationalisation.
What did Marx and Engels say?
Socialising is important fpr human beings
Social class is central to socialism
Social class is irrelevant
Social class is an artificial construct created by politicians
Beatrice Webb argued in favour of Evolutionary Socialism
What is Evolutionary Socialism?
Socialism can be established peacefully by passing democratic reforms through existing parliamentary institutions
Socialism can only be achieved through a revolution
Darwin argued that Socialism was the natural result of his evolutionary theory
Socialism is a natural concept that humans were destined to achieve since the stone age
What did Rosa Luxemburg write about Capitalism?
It is the most efficient form of economics
It is a problem but at least it delivers loads of choice in supermarkets
It is based on economic exploitation
It is based on poor decision making and limited planning
What did Anthony Giddens argue in favour of?
The Second Way
The Third Way
What did Anthony Crosland argue in favour of?