___ are people of noble birth whose wealth came from the land they owned.
___ is a symbol in writing that represents a thing or an idea.
____ was based on the teachings of Confucius.
___ was a Chinese philosophy that stressed the importance of a system of laws.
___ is a type of money.
Han Wudi recruited people for ____ or government workers who were chosen on the basis of competitive tests.
Chinese families practiced ____ which was the responsibility of the children to respect their parents.
___ was a Chinese philosophy that promoted a peaceful society and living in harmony with nature.
The ___ is the belief that the Chinese king’s right to rule came from the gods.
___ are characters that represent objects.
___ were military leaders who lead their own armies.
Which landform separates China from its neighbors to the north?
Confucius stated that moral leadership (ethics), not laws would bring order to China. What does this mean?
The Shang were the first people in China to …
The Zhou leaders granted land in return for loyalty, military support, and other services. This system was essentially a way to…
What land feature separates China from India?
In what book were Confucius’s teachings compiled?
What made travel and communication difficult in China?
Which of the following is NOT a reason why travelling the Silk Road was dangerous?
Why do the Chinese call the Huang He “China’s Sorrow”?
What would happen to you if you told the secret of silk making?
What is the Warring States Period?
____ were used to make predictions, especially during the Shang Dynasty.
This emperor created a strong and strict government…
What man-made structure protected China from invasion?
What dynasty standardized rules, punishments, written language, money, and weights and measures?
According to the chart, which of the following Chinese inventions were adopted in the West after A.D. 1000?
According to the chart above, what invention was adopted first in the West?
Which part of Babylon was known as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World?
The _________ are a collection of poems, hymns, and myths and are the basis for the religion of Hinduism.
Egypt was called the gift of the Nile because….
What heavy rains and winds come into India during the summer?
How did the first humans get food?
The Real XiaAlthough the myths of Yu and others made great stories, for centuries they had no archaeological evidence to support them. So what is actually known about ancient China? Until 1928 when archaeologists excavated a site at Anyang in the Henan Province of China, no one knew what parts, if any, of these ancient tales were true. However at Anyang, remnants of cities, bronze tools, and tombs were found in the same places spoken of in ancient Chinese myths. These sites and artifacts proved the existence of the first dynasty established by Yu.
The Xia were able to harvest silk for clothing and artwork, created pottery using the potter's wheel, and were very knowledgeable about farming practices such as irrigation. The Xia dynasty lasted approximately five hundred years, from the 21st to the 16th century B.C.E. It connected the Longshan people, who were the earliest culture of China known for their black-lacquered pottery, with the Shang dynasty that came much later.
According to document 2 (The Real Xia), what proved the myths of Yu the Great and the Xia Dynasty to be true?
An Impenetrable Land
The Chinese are the longest continuous civilization in the world, spanning 7,000 years of history. How could Chinese civilization survive when so many other cultures have come and gone? One possible answer lies in the physical geography of the region.
With vast mountain ranges including the Himalayas standing imposingly to the southwest, the Gobi Desert to the north, and the Pacific Ocean stretching out to the east, the Chinese were in relative isolation from the rest of the world until the 1800s. In fact, because they believed they were in the middle of the world, surrounded by natural barriers on all sides, the Chinese thought of themselves as "Zhong Guo" — the Middle Kingdom.
Foreign invaders had great difficulty reaching China, and many of the most important discoveries, inventions, and beliefs of the West remained unknown to the Middle Kingdom. In the early years of their civilization, the Chinese developed a unique writing system, began using bronze for both tools and art, and created folk religions that later evolved into the philosophies of Taoism and Confucianism. These discoveries enabled the Chinese to develop a culture unlike any other the world has ever known.
According to document 3 (An Impenetrable Land), how did the physical geography of China contribute to their civilization and culture? Select 3 correct answers