Did you know that not all deserts are
hot? Both hot and cold deserts are very
dry, but unlike hot deserts, cold deserts have long
winters when the temperatures can reach below
freezing. Cold deserts also get a great deal of
snow, which is certainly not true for hot deserts.
compare and contrast
problem and solution
No one knows exactly what causes tornados, but some scientists believe that when warm air meets cold air, a tornado may form. The reason for this is that the warm air is lighter than the cold air, so it rises up fast and meets different winds moving different directions. Under the right conditions, this can cause a tornado. Though there is still much mystery surrounding tornados, many people believe that when warm moist air meets cool dry air, tornados can result.
problem & solution
cause & effect
compare & contrast
The dodo bird used to roam in large flocks across America. Interestingly, the dodo wasn’t startled by gun shot. Because of this, frontiersmen would kill entire flocks in one sitting. Unable to sustain these attacks, the dodo was hunted to extinction.
Problem and Solution
Cause and Effect
Compare and Contrast
This morning was crazy. My alarm clock was set for PM instead of AM, so I woke up really late. I just threw on some clothes and ran out the door. I rode my bike as fast as I could and thought that I was going to be late for sure, but when I got there everyone was outside and there were firetrucks all lined up in front of school. I guess somebody pulled the fire alarm before class started. It worked out though, because nobody really noticed or minded that I was tardy.
Apples and oranges are both fruits, which means that they have seeds inside of them. Each has a skin, but orange skins are thick and easy to peel. Apple skins are thinner and do not peel easily. Oranges also contain more acid than apples, but both fruits are delicious.
Problem and solution
"Ms. Aden really wanted to go to a concert, but the only problem was that her car was in the shop. Ms. Aden lived 10 minutes from the metro. Because of this, she was able to go to the concert!"
What text structure is being used in this scenario?
How is the text structured?
A hurricane is a large storm with heavy winds and rain that begins in the ocean and builds up strength as it moves across the water. While some of the damage caused by hurricanes is from high winds, most of it is usually from tidal surge, flooding entire cities, and killing large numbers of people. A tornado is a storm that develops on land, with no warning, and moves in a circular motion with heavy winds with a funnel shape, picking up and carrying dirt, dust and even objects. The damage caused by tornadoes is from the high velocity winds, which are extremely destructive and deadly. They can demolish entire neighborhoods in a matter of a few seconds to a few minutes. Tornadoes can form when hurricanes make landfall, as their winds at ground level slow down, while the winds near the top keep their momentum, but a hurricane cannot be created by a tornado.
Hurricane Katrina began as Tropical Depression Twelve over the southeastern Bahamas on August 23, 2005. The depression later strengthened into a tropical storm on the morning of August 24, where the storm was also named Katrina. Katrina continued to move into Florida and became a Category 1 hurricane only two hours before it made landfall around Hallandale Beach on the morning of August 25. The storm weakened over land, but became a hurricane again while entering the Gulf of Mexico.
Fire needs three things to burn: oxygen, fuel, and heat. Fuels can be wood, tinder, coal, or any other substance that will easily oxidize. Therefore, a fire can be stopped in three different ways, by removing any of the three things it needs to burn.
*The fuels can be removed. If a fire burns through all of its fuel and extra nearby fuel is removed, the fire will stop burning.
*The oxygen can be removed. This is called "smothering" a fire. Fires cannot burn in a vacuum or if they are covered in carbon dioxide.
*The heat can be removed. The most common way to remove heat is to use water to absorb that heat, putting the fire out.
cause and effect
What type of text structure?
Avalanches - Avalanches (when a lot of snow falls from a mountain) may bury people under them. If the people are not found rapidly enough by rescue teams they will die of suffocation (not getting enough air) or of hypothermia (freezing cold). The chance of surviving an avalanche is as follows: 92% if found within 15 minutes 30% if found within 35 minutes (victims die of suffocation) nearly zero after two hours (victims die of injuries and hypothermia)
Compare and contrast
Cause and effect
What is the organizational text structure Sequence/Chronological Order?
describes a topic, idea, person, place, or thing by listing its features, characteristics, or examples
shows how two or more things are alike and/or different
time order in which events occur
key concept and information that supports the concept