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What navigation tool helped European sailors know how far they had sailed from the equator?
Which navigation tool helped European sailors know which direction they were going?
none of them
Who started a Portuguese navigation school around 1419?
Vasco de Gama
Why did the king and queen of Spain agree to fund Columbus's voyage?
They wanted to profit from trade and spread Christianity.
They wanted to move to an island in the Caribbean Sea.
They were hoping to invade other Asian countries.
They wanted to trade with Native Americans
Which direction did Columbus sail in his attempt to reach Asia?
How long did Columbus sail before he reached land on his first voyage?
What did Columbus name the area where he landed on his first voyage?
Why did Cortes take Moctezuma prisoner?
Moctezuma had not welcomed Cortes and his men.
He wanted to conquer the Aztecs.
He was afraid of the Aztecs' superior weapons.
He wanted to take Moctezuma back to Spain.
What did King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella want Columbus to trade for in Asia?
gold and spices
lumber and fish
cotton and wood
horses and cattle
What item from the Columbian Exchange MOST helped the Native Americans?
corn and potatoes
gold and silver
bananas and sugar cane
What was the overall effect of the Columbian Exchange on most of the native people of North America?
It was harmful to them.
It had no effect on them.
It was good for them.
It improved their lives.
How did mapmakers help European sailors improve their navigation?
They made more accurate maps.
They taught the sailors how to operate the new caravel ship.
Their maps showed the dangerous areas of land routes.
They could tell them how fast their shop was going.
Which explorer's expedition was the first to circumnavigate the earth?
Ponce de Leon
Which statement BEST describes Prince Henry's navigation school?
Prince Henry did not start a navigation school.
Students were taught military arts that they would use to conquer Native Americans.
Christopher Columbus attended the school.
Sailors, scholars, mapmakers, and shipbuilders worked together there to improve sea travel.
Both Native Americans and enslaved Africans suffered in New Spain. Which condition as NOT shared by both groups?
leaving their homeland
suffering from sickness and overwork
not knowing the language of their conquerors