Basic Life Support Exam A (Reassessment required if score is below 80%)
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  • Question 1
    60 seconds
    Q.

    1. While performing high-quality CPR on an adult, what action should you ensure is being accomplished?

    answer choices

    Maintaining a compression rate of 90 to 120/min

    Placing hands on the upper third of the sternum

    Allowing the chest to recoil 1 inch D

    Compressing to a depth of at least 2 inches

  • Question 2
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Use this scenario to answer the next question:


    A 53-year-old woman collapses while gardening. She is unresponsive, is not breathing, and does not have a pulse. A neighbor, who is an emergency medical technician, rushes to her with an AED.


    When the AED arrives, what is the first step for using it?

    answer choices

    Apply the pads to the patient’s chest

    Clear the patient

    Turn on the AED

    Press the shock button

  • Question 3
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Use this scenario to answer the next question:


    A 53-year-old woman collapses while gardening. She is unresponsive, is not breathing, and does not have a pulse. A neighbor, who is an emergency medical technician, rushes to her with an AED.


    After the AED pads are attached to the victim’s bare chest, the AED detects ventricular fibrillation.


    What is the next step when using an AED?

    answer choices

    Check the victim for a carotid pulse

    Follow the AED prompts

    Clear the patient

    Press the shock button

  • Question 4
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What should you do if you need to use an AED on someone who has been submerged in water?

    answer choices

    Do not move the victim, and do not use the AED

    Pull the victim out of the water, but do not use the AED

    Pull the victim out of the water, and wipe the chest

    Do not pull the victim out of the water, but wipe the chest before placing pads

  • Question 5
    60 seconds
    Q.

    How can rescuers ensure that they are providing effective breaths when using a bag-mask device?

    answer choices

    Observing the chest rise with breaths

    Delivering breaths quickly and forcefully

    Always having oxygen attached to the bag

    Allowing air to release around the mask

  • Question 6
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What ratio for compressions to breaths should be used for 1-rescuer infant CPR?

    answer choices

    5 compressions to 1 breath

    20 compressions to 2 breaths

    15 compressions to 2 breaths

    30 compressions to 2 breaths

  • Question 7
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What is a consideration when you are using an AED?

    answer choices

    You should never remove a transdermal medication patch before applying AED pads

    On a hairy chest, the pads may not stick and may fail to deliver a shock

    AEDs can be used while a victim is submerged in water

    You should not use an AED on someone with an implanted pacemaker

  • Question 8
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Use this scenario to answer the next 2 questions:


    A 9-year-old child has suddenly collapsed. After confirming that the scene is safe, a single rescuer determines that the child is in cardiac arrest, shouts for nearby help, and activates the emergency response system. He immediately begins performing high-quality CPR. Two additional rescuers arrive to assist in the resuscitation attempt.


    What actions should occur next, to support a team-based resuscitation attempt?

    answer choices

    2 rescuers alternate using the AED and giving breaths

    1 rescuer gives CPR while the other 2 wait for advanced life support to arrive

    2 rescuers alternate giving high-quality chest compressions

    2 rescuers operate the AED while the third rescuer gives breaths

  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q.

    A 9-year-old child has suddenly collapsed. After confirming that the scene is safe, a single rescuer determines that the child is in cardiac arrest, shouts for nearby help, and activates the emergency response system. He immediately begins performing high-quality CPR. Two additional rescuers arrive to assist in the resuscitation attempt.


    Two rescuers begin high-quality CPR while the third rescuer leaves to get the AED. What action supports 2-rescuer CPR?

    answer choices

    Alternating the AED role every 2 minutes

    Alternating the compressor role every 2 minutes

    Alternating giving rescue breaths every 3 cycles

    Alternating giving shocks every 3 cycles

  • Question 10
    60 seconds
    Q.

    “Members of the team know their boundaries and ask for help before the resuscitation attempt worsens.”


    Match this statement with the most appropriate element of team dynamics listed.

    answer choices

    Knowledge sharing

    Summarizing and reevaluation

    Constructive intervention

    Knowing your limitations

  • Question 11
    60 seconds
    Q.

    A victim with a foreign-body airway obstruction becomes unresponsive. What is your first course of action?

    answer choices

    Start CPR, beginning with chest compressions

    Roll the victim over and perform back blows

    Perform abdominal thrusts

    Perform blind finger sweeps

  • Question 12
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Why is defibrillation important?

    answer choices

    It prevents rearrest from occurring

    It is not important for cardiac arrest

    There is a 100% success rate in regaining a normal cardiac rhythm

    It can restore a regular cardiac rhythm


  • Question 13
    60 seconds
    Q.

    You witness someone suddenly collapse. The person is unresponsive, you hear gasping sounds, and

    there is no pulse. What should you do next?

    answer choices

    Begin CPR; the gasps are not normal breathing

    Give rescue breaths only; the gasps are not normal breathing

    Monitor the patient; the gasps are considered normal breathing

    Begin CPR, even though gasping is normal breathing

  • Question 14
    60 seconds
    Q.

    A middle-aged man collapses. You and a second rescuer go to the victim and find that he is unresponsive, is not breathing, and does not have a pulse.


    Which action is most likely to positively impact this victim’s survival?

    answer choices

    Performing high-quality CPR

    Ensuring scene safety

    Providing rescue breaths

    Checking the pulse frequently

  • Question 15
    60 seconds
    Q.

    A middle-aged man collapses. You and a second rescuer go to the victim and find that he is unresponsive, is not breathing, and does not have a pulse.


    You and another rescuer begin CPR. After a few cycles, you notice the chest compression rate is

    slowing. What should you say to offer constructive feedback?

    answer choices

    “You need to compress at a rate of 80 to 120 per minute.”

    “You need to compress at a rate of at least 120 per minute.”

    “You need to compress at a rate of 100 to 120 per minute.”

    “You need to compress at a rate of at least 100 per minute.”

  • Question 16
    60 seconds
    Q.

    How do you perform chest compressions when providing high-quality CPR to a child victim?

    answer choices

    By compressing the chest at least one third the depth of the chest, about 2 inches (5 cm)

    By compressing the chest at least one fourth the depth of the chest, about 1.5 inches (4 cm)

    By compressing the chest at least two thirds the depth of the chest, about 4 inches (10 cm)

    By compressing the chest at least one half the depth of the chest, about 3 inches (8 cm)

  • Question 17
    60 seconds
    Q.

    When performing CPR on an unresponsive choking victim, what modification should you incorporate?

    answer choices

    There are no modifications to CPR for an unresponsive choking victim

    You do not give breaths to an unresponsive choking victim

    Each time you open the airway, look for the obstructing object

    Attempt a jaw thrust instead of a head tilt‒chin lift


  • Question 18
    60 seconds
    Q.

    An 8-month-old infant is eating and suddenly begins to cough. The infant is unable to make any noise shortly after. You pick up the infant and shout for help.


    You have determined that the infant is responsive and choking with a severe airway obstruction. How

    do you relieve the airway obstruction?

    answer choices

    Encourage the infant to cough

    Give sets of 5 back slaps and 5 chest thrusts

    Begin 2 thumb‒encircling hands chest compressions

    Give abdominal thrusts

  • Question 19
    60 seconds
    Q.

    An 8-month-old infant is eating and suddenly begins to cough. The infant is unable to make any noise shortly after. You pick up the infant and shout for help.


    Which action do you perform to relieve choking in an unresponsive infant?

    answer choices

    Perform CPR, and look in the mouth for the obstructing object

    Give sets of 5 back slaps and 5 chest thrusts

    Give sets of 5 abdominal thrusts and 5 back slaps

    Attempt a blind finger sweep when giving breaths to remove the obstructing object

  • Question 20
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which victim requires high-quality CPR?

    answer choices

    A victim who is unresponsive, has a strong pulse, and is breathing adequately

    A victim who is unresponsive with no normal breathing and no pulse

    A victim who is responsive, has a pulse, and is having trouble breathing

    A victim who is responsive, is having trouble breathing, and has a pulse less than 60/min

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