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Which of the following WAS NOT observed as an effect of climate change during the year 2019?
Parts of Scandinavia and western and eastern Russia had temperatures at least 2.7 degrees F below average.
Arctic sea ice 19.8% below average
Average global temperature 7.8% lower than the 1980-2010 average
Antarctic sea ice coverage 4.3% below the 1981-2010 average
Which of the following is considered to be the defining event of our Universe?
creation of stars
the Big Bang event
formation of galaxies
creation of Earth
Which of the following types of equipment have humans built in order to study the Big Bang? CHOOSE ALL THAT APPLY!
orbital space telescopes
machines the size of cities
Who is this scientist that contributed to our current understanding of the Big Bang event?
Which of the following correctly states the Big Bang Theory?
Energy can convert into Matter and Matter can convert into Energy.
Matter, Energy, Space, and Time all burst forth from nothingness at the same time.
Matter and Energy suddenly burst forth into already existing Space and Time.
Energy is equal to mass times the speed of light squared.
In order to begin the structuring of the Universe, what was the first fundamental force to split off from the combined force.
the strong nuclear force
the weak nuclear force
If the Universe has more mass than would result in critical density, which of the following will occur?
the Universe will continue to expand forever
the Universe will end in a Big Crunch
the Universe will stop expanding and remain the same size until the end of time
the Sun will expand and destroy the Earth
What was unusual about the rapid expansion of space-time after the Big Bang event?
Sub-atomic mass particles were changing into time intervals.
Atoms were converting into baseballs.
The expansion was pulling planets away from their stars.
The Universe was expanding faster than the speed of light.
What is a “planktime” used for?
calculating the Earth's orbit around the Sun
sequencing events in the very early Universe
measuring the lifetime of stars
timing the forty-yard dash
What was the first technical advancement to use E=mc2 ?
Which of the following will play the biggest part in determining the ultimate fate of the Universe?
What were the two primary gases in the early universe?
iron and lead
nitrogen and oxygen
hydrogen and helium
carbon and oxygen
What caused visible light to first appear in the Universe?
Giant stars exploded in supernova events.
Loose electron attached to atomic nuclei to form atoms.
The first stars were born.
The first galaxies formed.
What did Penzias and Wilson discover?
leftover cosmic microwave background radiation from the early Universe
the Universe was expanding
the connection between mass and energy
general and special relativity
Which of the following is the current state of our Universe?
The Universe is still expanding but slowing down.
The Universe is expanding more rapidly as time passes.
The Universe is contracting very slowly.
t\the Universe has stopped expanding and is now static.
Which of the following was most important in the development of the Big Bang model?
Which of the following WAS NOT ultimately created from the Big Bang event?
the Milky Way galaxy