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The study of humans from a biological perspective is called:
A distinguishing feature of anthropology is its _________ approach to the study of human groups.
__________ is the belief that one's culture is superior to all others.
The word "anthropology" derives from the Greek anthropos and logos and literally means __________.
the study of cultures
the words of civilized peoples
the study of humans
the evolution of man
Medical anthropology most often draws upon research from __________.
anthropological linguistics and cultural anthropology
archaeology and physical anthropology
biological and cultural anthropology
anthropological linguistics and physical anthropology
Which of the following best characterizes the study of paleoanthropology?
It is the study of the evolution of dinosaurs and how human life was modified due to the presence of large reptiles.
Paleoanthropologists focus on the reconstruction of the human fossil record through the excavation and analysis of fossil remains.
Paleoanthropology is the study of non-human primates in their natural environments.
Paleoanthropologists most often work in the field of forensic anthropology so that they can identify fossil material for a wide variety of species.
Ecofacts are __________.
objects found in the natural environment that were used by people but not made or altered by them.
objects that have been made by people and are portable.
objects that have been made by people but are not portable.
fossils that are embedded in natural stone.
Which of the following most accurately describes the goals of cultural resource management (CRM)?
CRM is a type of contract archaeology in which the sites are excavated with the goal of presenting all evidence (artifacts) in a museum-quality exhibit.
CRM is public archaeology. As a result, it involves the preparation and use of volunteer citizens in excavations on federal lands.
CRM is considered the highest-quality scientific excavation on federal, state, or private lands. Each excavation team includes a lawyer well-versed in all laws relating to site preservation.
CRM focuses on conducting high-quality research in compliance with all laws relating to archaeological sites excavated on federally-funded building projects.
An anthropologist who studies the relationship between language and culture is working in the field of __________.
An example of an ethnography is a(n) __________.
study of chimpanzee language
excavation of an archaeological site
study of the behavior of residents in a retirement home
study of rates of disease in prehistoric populations
A holistic approach to the study of humans means that anthropologists _________.
concentrate only on the social customs of the group under study
study all varieties of people and all aspects of their existence
limit themselves to the study of religious leaders
only study literate societies
Why is ethnocentrism so pervasive throughout the world?
Most people are born and raised in multiple cultures and grow to prefer one over another.
Most cultures teach ethnocentrism as a guiding principle of the belief system.
Because of high crime rates, most people suspect other cultures for their problems.
Because there are few anthropologists, most people have not been exposed to another culture.
Which of the following is most accurate? If taken to an extreme, cultural relativism can lead to ______.
the belief that no cultural customs or practices are ever immoral
a greater amount of ethnocentrism between developing nations
the development of a unified global culture
Which of the following is the perspective of the native of a group (the insider approach)?
Which of the anthropological subfields most prepares a student with the skills for success in the 21st century?