Scientific Research and Design
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50 QuestionsShow answers
  • Question 1
    60 seconds
    Q. This type of investigation specifically focuses on gathering data based on observation.
    answer choices
    Experimental research design
    Scientific Method
    Descriptive research
    Objective research design
  • Question 2
    60 seconds
    Q. This type of investigation is used to answer scientific questions by testing a hypothesis through controlled steps.
    answer choices
    Experimental research design
    Scientific Method
    Descriptive research
    Objective research design
  • Question 3
    60 seconds
    Q. If you were asked to solve a scientific problem, and an experiment was impossible to perform, what research method should you use?
    answer choices
    Experimental research design
    Inferential research
    Descriptive research
    Objective research design
  • Question 4
    60 seconds
    Q. What is the first step in the scientific method?
    answer choices
    Recognize the problem
    Form a hypothesis
    Draw conclusion
    Analyze data
  • Question 5
    60 seconds
    Q. Providing partial information or only using data that supports one of the possible outcomes would be an example of________.
    answer choices
    Bias
    Objective research
    Descriptive research
    Statistical analysis 
  • Question 6
    60 seconds
    Q. When doing research on things that happen too slowly, too quickly, are too big or too small to observe directly, one would need to use a ______________
    answer choices
    model
    life-size replica
    a bigger laboratory
    this research cannot be done
  • Question 7
    60 seconds
    Q. A prediction, or statement that can be tested.
    answer choices
    hypothesis
    hypothalamus
    hypertension
    variable
  • Question 8
    60 seconds
    Q. The variable that is being measured.
    answer choices
    independent variable
    dependent variable
    constant
    control
  • Question 9
    60 seconds
    Q. A __________ is a sample that is treated like the other experimental groups except that the independent variable is not applied to it.
    answer choices
    independent variables
    dependent variables
    constants
    control
  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q.

    In __________ __________ every member of the target population has an equal chance of becoming part of the sample.

    answer choices

    Stratified sampling

    Random sampling

    Opportunity sampling

    Self-selected sampling

  • Question 11
    60 seconds
    Q.

    During an experiment, which factors must be controlled so that researchers can draw a logical conclusion from the experiment?

    answer choices

    variables

    operational definitions

    inquiries

    theories

  • Question 12
    60 seconds
    Q.

    A possible explanation for a set of observations or answer to a scientific question is called a(n)

    answer choices

    predictions.

    hypothesis.

    theory.

    law.

  • Question 13
    60 seconds
    Q.

    One useful tool that may help a scientist interpret data by revealing unexpected patterns is a

    answer choices

    variable.

    graph.

    theory.

    law.

  • Question 14
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following is a valid reason why a scientist might reject a scientific theory?

    answer choices

    Some people disagree with it.

    It covers too broad a topic.

    New evidence contradicts it.

    It is too old.

  • Question 15
    60 seconds
    Q.

    A summary of what you have learned from a scientific experiment is called a(n)

    answer choices

    hypothesis.

    inquiry.

    conclusion.

    law.

  • Question 16
    60 seconds
    Q.

    During an experiment, if you purposely change the temperature to test a hypothesis, the temperature is called the

    answer choices

    manipulated variable.

    responding variable.

    operational variable.

    dependent variable.

  • Question 17
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What stage of the technology design process involves coming up with ideas or different ways to solve a problem?

    answer choices

    research stage

    patenting stage

    solution stage

    troubleshooting stage

  • Question 18
    60 seconds
    Q.

    An engineer is a

    answer choices

    legal document issued by a government that gives an inventor exclusive rights to make, use, or sell an invention for a limited time.

    person who studies plants.

    person trained to use both technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems.

    possible explanation for a set of observations or answer to a scientific question.

  • Question 19
    60 seconds
    Q.

    In science, a hypothesis must be

    answer choices

    correct.

    manipulated.

    controlled.

    testable.

  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q. Engineers are people who design and build things to solve _____
    answer choices
    riddles
    puzzles
    crosswords
    problems
  • Question 21
    30 seconds
    Q. Once you've figured out what problem you want to tackle, you need to _____
    answer choices
    do your research
    design your solution
    build a prototype
    test your solution
  • Question 22
    180 seconds
    Q. What is a hypothesis?
    answer choices
    An observation
    A bar graph
    Facts
    A prediction of what will happen 
  • Question 23
    180 seconds
    Q. What is an inference?
    answer choices
    A hypothesis
    An educated guess using what you already know
    Facts
    Observation
  • Question 24
    180 seconds
    Q. The _________ is a set of specific steps that help scientists solve problems. 
    answer choices
    Design Process
    Scientific Method
    Dictionary
    Bar graph
  • Question 25
    180 seconds
    Q. What is the series of steps called used when trying to solve and design solutions?
    answer choices
    Science
    The Design Process
    The Scientific Method
    Hypothesis
  • Question 26
    180 seconds
    Q. A prototype is the ____________ model of something new. 
    answer choices
    First
    Second
    Brainstorm
    New
  • Question 27
    180 seconds
    Q. What is the last step of the design process?
    answer choices
    Brainstorm
    Improve
    Create
    Ask
  • Question 28
    300 seconds
    Q. While PERFORMING AN EXPERIMENT, it is important to: 
    answer choices
    change the control setup    
    test many different variables at the same time
    reach a conclusion 
     record observations and measurements
  • Question 29
    300 seconds
    Q. Which phrase describes a hypothesis? 
    answer choices
     reviewing information related to the problem  
    testing a factor, or variable, in an experiment 
    suggesting a solution to a problem after studying it carefully 
    performing a controlled experiment
  • Question 30
    300 seconds
    Q. In order for the conclusion of a scientific experiment to be convincing, the researcher must report adequate evidence supporting or refuting the hypothesis.  Scientific evidence should include the 
    answer choices
     results from an experiment with just one trial 
    :results from only the trials that produced the expected results (the other "bad" data should be thrown out!) 
    Results from multiple trials of one experiment, including unexpected results
     results from multiple different types of experiments, including unexpected results
  • Question 31
    300 seconds
    Q. Changeable elements of an experiment which can affect the outcome of the experiment if not carefully controlled are called:
    answer choices
    placebos 
    variables  
    quantitative
    Qualitative
  • Question 32
    300 seconds
    Q. If you paraphrase, summarize, or directly quote information, you must:
         
    answer choices
    research the source
    format the source
    cite the source
    bibliography / works cited the source
  • Question 33
    300 seconds
    Q. This is what you use to locate a webpage:
    answer choices
     cite 
    web-address (URL)
    title source
  • Question 34
    300 seconds
    Q. A webpage that ends in '.com' means:
    answer choices
    It's a government website  
    It's a non-profit organization 
    It's a commercial site that could be used for business
  • Question 35
    300 seconds
    Q. A webpage that ends in '.org' means:
    answer choices
    It's a government website  
    It's a non-profit organization 
    It's a commercial site that could be used for business
  • Question 36
    300 seconds
    Q. Using someone else's work to help you without their permission is:
    answer choices
    plagiarism
      periodical
      research 
     cite
  • Question 37
    300 seconds
    Q. Which of the following terms refers to the variable that is manipulated (changed) by the experimenter?
    answer choices
    Experimental Controls 
    Test Controls 
    Dependent Variable  
     Independent Variable
  • Question 38
    300 seconds
    Q. Which of the following terms refers to a group that receives no treatment with the independent variable?
    answer choices
    Constant group
    Control group
     Dependent group
    Experimental group
  • Question 39
    300 seconds
    Q. Which of the following terms refers to a group that receives treatment with the independent variable?
    answer choices
    Constant group
    Control group
     Dependent group
    Experimental group
  • Question 40
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of the following correctly lists the steps of the scientific method?
    answer choices
    Observe, Experiment, Hypothesize, Analyze, Conclude
    Observe, Hypothesize, Analyze, Experiment Conclude
    Observe, Hypothesize, Experiment, Analyze, Conclude
    Observe, Analyze, Hypothesize, Experiment, Conclude
  • Question 41
    30 seconds
    Q. In which step of the scientific method do you test the hypothesis?
    answer choices
    Observe
    Experiment
    Analyze
    Conclude
  • Question 42
    30 seconds
    Q. In which step of the scientific method do you predict an outcome or possible explanation for an observation?
    answer choices
    Hypothesize
    Experiment
    Analyze
    Conclude
  • Question 43
    30 seconds
    Q. How many variables are tested in a controlled experiment?
    answer choices
    one
    two
    three
    several
  • Question 44
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The five steps of the engineering design process in order are

    answer choices

    plan, ask, imagine, improve, create

    plan, create, ask, imagine, improve

    create, ask, imagine , improve, plan

    ask, imagine, plan, create, improve

  • Question 45
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Making a statement or claim about what will happen in the future based on past experience or evidence is called

    answer choices

    observing

    inferring

    predicting

    classifying

  • Question 46
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Explaining or interpreting the things you observe based on reasoning from what you already know is called

    answer choices

    observng

    inferring

    predicting

    classifying

  • Question 47
    30 seconds
    Q.

    A well-tested explanation for a wide range of observations or experimental results is called a scientific

    answer choices

    inquiry

    hypothesis

    theory

    law

  • Question 48
    30 seconds
    Q.

    In a scientific experiment, facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through observations are called

    answer choices

    data

    manipulated variables

    responding variables

    laws

  • Question 49
    30 seconds
    Q.

    When scientists put things into categories or group together items that are alike in some way, they are

    answer choices

    inferring

    predicting

    classifying

    making a model

  • Question 50
    30 seconds
    Q.

    When scientists create a representation of a complex process, they are

    answer choices

    inferring

    predicting

    classifying

    making models

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