Astronomy Unit Test Review 2 2019
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The chart shows information about Moon phases, times of sunrise and sunset, and,

    answer choices

    climate patterns

    seasonal changes

    local weather conditions

    global warming

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which instrument dial shows a correct air pressure reading for Albany, New York, for this date and time?

    answer choices

    1

    2

    3

    4

  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which diagram correctly shows the position of the Moon with respect to Earth on March 9, 2001 (FULL MOON)?

    answer choices

    1

    2

    3

    4

  • Question 4
    30 seconds
    Q.

    A bright object with a long tail of glowing gases is in orbit around the Sun. This object is most likely

    answer choices

    a planet

    an asteroid

    a star

    a comet

  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows Earth as seen from space. Letters A through D are locations on Earth’s surface. When Earth is in this position, which location would experience the greatest number of daylight hours?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The length of a year is equivalent to the time it takes for one,

    answer choices

    rotation of Earth

    rotation of the Sun

    revolution of Earth around the Sun

    revolution of the Sun around the Earth

  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows four objects and their

    orbits around the Sun, as seen from space.

    Which statement is true about all of the objects

    shown in the diagram?

    answer choices

    They produce their own light

    They belong to our solar system

    They are composed mostly of gases

    They are the same distance from the Sun

  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows Earth as viewed from

    space. Which season is occurring in the Northern

    Hemisphere?

    answer choices

    summer

    autumn

    spring

    winter

  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q.

    What is one factor that contributes to seasons occurring in New York State?

    answer choices

    the revolution of the Moon around Earth

    the tilt of Earth on its axis

    the rising and falling of ocean tides

    the distance of Earth from the Sun

  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following is considered a gaseous planet?

    answer choices

    Mars

    Jupiter

    Venus

    Mercury

  • Question 11
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below represents Earth at one position in its rotation. Points A, B, C, and D represent locations on the surface of Earth. Which location will enter darkness next as Earth’s rotation continues?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

  • Question 12
    30 seconds
    Q.

    A student drew the pictures below to show how the Moon looked from Earth over a two-week period. The differences shown in the student’s drawings are mostly due to the changing:

    answer choices

    distance between Earth and the Moon

    speed of the Moon in its orbit

    position of the Moon in its orbit

    position of the observer on Earth

  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The graph below shows the water levels that result from tidal action over a 24-hour period. What was the approximate height of the water on the tide marker at 6 p.m.?

    answer choices

    4.3 ft

    8.5 ft

    5.4 ft

    11.2 ft

  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The Moon is visible to observers on Earth because of:

    answer choices

    reflected sunlight

    absorbed light from Earth's atmosphere

    gases in the Moon's interior

    volcanic eruptions on the Moon's surface

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The illustration below shows the Moon orbiting Earth and Earth orbiting the Sun. Which force is responsible for these orbiting motions?

    answer choices

    Friction

    Electricity

    Magnetism

    Gravity

  • Question 16
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The gravitational force between two objects depends on the distance between the objects and each object’s:

    answer choices

    mass

    pressure

    volume

    temperature

  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which statement best explains why the Sun and the Moon appear to be about the same size in the sky?

    answer choices

    The Sun and the Moon have the same diameter.

    The Moon is larger in diameter and farther from Earth than the Sun.

    The Moon is smaller in diameter and is closer to Earth than the Sun.

    The Sun and the Moon are the same distance from Earth.

  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows four Moon phases observed during July. On which date would the next New Moon occur?

    answer choices

    August 5

    August 19

    August 29

    August 10

  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The Sun appears to move across the sky during the day. The best explanation for this apparent motion is that Earth is:

    answer choices

    rotating on its axis

    revolving around the Sun

    much smaller than the Sun

    tilted on its axis

  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The graph below shows tide levels for two days at an ocean location. Approximately how many hours are between the high tide on Tuesday and the first high tide on Wednesday?

    answer choices

    6 hours

    12 hours

    9 hours

    18 hours

  • Question 21
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Approximately how long does it take to cycle from one new Moon to the next new Moon?

    answer choices

    a day

    a month

    a week

    a year

  • Question 22
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The Moon has the greatest effect on Earth’s:

    answer choices

    year

    seasons

    ocean tides

    daylight hours

  • Question 23
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The Sun appears larger than other stars because of its:

    answer choices

    yellow color

    high temperature

    distance from Earth

    chemical composition

  • Question 24
    30 seconds
    Q.

    25. The diagram below shows the orbit of Halley’s Comet around the Sun as viewed from space. Earth’s orbit is also shown. The only years shown in which Halley’s Comet could be viewed from Earth without the use of a telescope

    were 1910 and 1986. What is the next year in which Halley’s Comet will be visible from the Earth without

    the use of a telescope?

    answer choices

    2010

    2062

    2086

    2110

  • Question 25
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows Earth, as viewed from space, as it moves around the Sun. Approximately how long does it take Earth to move from position A to position B?

    answer choices

    1 year

    1 day

    6 months

    12 hours

  • Question 26
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows the positions of the Sun, Earth, and the Moon as seen from space. Which event is caused by the Moon passing through Earth’s shadow?

    answer choices

    a meteor shower

    an eclipse

    a change of seasons

    an earthquake

  • Question 27
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows Earth at four locations in its orbit around the Sun. Which motion do the arrows in the diagram represent?

    answer choices

    Earth's rotation

    the Sun's rotation

    Earth's revolution

    the Sun's revolution

  • Question 28
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Gravity is the primary force responsible for

    answer choices

    the reflection of sound energy

    the flow of electricity in a closed circuit

    keeping planets in orbit around the sun

    refracting light energy

  • Question 29
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The daily change from daylight to darkness is caused by the

    answer choices

    Earth's revolution around the sun

    tilt of Earth's axis

    Earth's rotation on its axis

    sun's light going out at night

  • Question 30
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The Moon’s gravitational force has a greater effect on ocean tides on Earth than the Sun’s gravitational force. What is the reason for this?

    answer choices

    The Moon has a greater mass than the Sun.

    The Moon is closer to the Earth than the Sun.

    The Moon is solid.

    The Moon rotates around the Earth.

  • Question 31
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows Earth as seen from space. Letters A through D are locations on Earth’s surface. When Earth is in this position, which location would experience the smallest number of daylight hours?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

  • Question 32
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The length of a day is equivalent to the time it takes for one,

    answer choices

    rotation of Earth

    rotation of the Sun

    revolution of Earth around the Sun

    revolution of the Sun around the Earth

  • Question 33
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows Earth as viewed from

    space. Which season is occurring in the Southern

    Hemisphere?

    answer choices

    summer

    autumn

    spring

    winter

  • Question 34
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following is considered a terrestrial planet?

    answer choices

    Mars

    Jupiter

    Neptune

    Uranus

  • Question 35
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The graph below shows the water levels that result from tidal action over a 24-hour period. What was the approximate height of the water on the tide marker at 4 a.m.?

    answer choices

    4.3 ft

    8.5 ft

    5.4 ft

    11.2 ft

  • Question 36
    30 seconds
    Q. During which two seasons is neither hemisphere of Earth tilted toward or away from the Sun?
    answer choices
    Summer and Winter
    Winter and Spring
    Fall and Winter
    Fall and Spring
  • Question 37
    30 seconds
    Q. Which is TRUE of the day-night cycle on Earth?
    answer choices
    All parts of Earth are in sunlight at the same time
    As the Earth rotates only the part of the Earth lighted by the Sun experiences daytime
    Each time the Earth revolves around the Sun, one day has passed
    It takes the Earth eighteen hours to complete one day-night cycle
  • Question 38
    30 seconds
    Q. Which MOST affects the ocean's tides?
    answer choices
    the rotation of Earth
    the gravitational pull of the Moon
    the revolution of Earth around the Sun
    the water cycle
  • Question 39
    45 seconds
    Q. Which of the following amounts of time has gone by when the Moon makes 1 revolution around the Earth?
    answer choices
    1 month on Earth
    1 year on Earth
    1 day on Earth
    1 week on Earth
  • Question 40
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram shows a portion of the solar system as seen from space. For which object is the lighted surface shown incorrectly?

    answer choices

    Moon

    Venus

    Mercury

    Earth

  • Question 41
    300 seconds
    Q. When the moon is between the earth and the sun, this is called a ____ .
    answer choices
    full moon
    waxing gibbous
    new moon
    waxing crescent
  • Question 42
    300 seconds
    Q. When the moon is on the far side of earth away from the sun, this is called a ___
    answer choices
    new moon
    waxing crescent
    waxing gibbous
    full moon
  • Question 43
    300 seconds
    Q. When the moon is between the earth and sun and casts a shadow on earth, a ___ occurs.
    answer choices
    solar eclipse
    lunar eclipse
  • Question 44
    300 seconds
    Q. When the earth is between the sun and moon and casts a shadow on the moon a ___ occurs.
    answer choices
    solar eclipse
    lunar eclipse
  • Question 45
    300 seconds
    Q. This type of planet has a solid surface.
    answer choices
    terrestrial
    gas giant
  • Question 46
    300 seconds
    Q. The planet which is the smallest and closest to the sun is __
    answer choices
    Venus
    Earth
    Mercury
    Pluto
  • Question 47
    300 seconds
    Q. This planet is the largest in our solar system.
    answer choices
    the sun
    Saturn
    Jupiter
    Neptune
  • Question 48
    300 seconds
    Q. The largest object in our solar system is 
    answer choices
    Jupiter
    our sun
    Earth
    Saturn
  • Question 49
    300 seconds
    Q. This planet has thousands of rings around it.
    answer choices
    Jupiter
    Uranus
    Neptune
    Saturn
  • Question 50
    300 seconds
    Q. The name of our galaxy is
    answer choices
    Snickers
    Andromeda
    The Milky Way
    Pleides
  • Question 51
    60 seconds
    Q. Name the moon phase
    answer choices
    waning crescent
    waxing crescent
    waning gibbous
    waxing gibbous
  • Question 52
    60 seconds
    Q. Name the moon phase
    answer choices
    waning crescent
    waxing crescent
    waning gibbous
    waxing gibbous
  • Question 53
    60 seconds
    Q. Name the moon phase
    answer choices
    First Quarter
    Last Quarter
    New Moon
    Full Moon
  • Question 54
    60 seconds
    Q. Name the moon phase
    answer choices
    First Quarter
    Last Quarter
    New Moon
    Full Moon
  • Question 55
    60 seconds
    Q. Name the moon phase
    answer choices
    First Quarter
    Last Quarter
    New Moon
    Full Moon
  • Question 56
    60 seconds
    Q. Name the phase of the moon for letter a
    answer choices
    First Quarter
    Last Quarter
    Waxing Gibbous
    Waning Gibbous
  • Question 57
    60 seconds
    Q. Name the phase of the moon for letter f
    answer choices
    Waning Gibbous
    Waxing Gibbous
    Waning Crescent
    Waxing Crescent
  • Question 58
    60 seconds
    Q. The cycle of the moon lasts about a _.
    answer choices
    day
    year
    week
    month
  • Question 59
    60 seconds
    Q. Which of the following words describe the phases of the moon?
    answer choices
    none, quarter, half, three quarters, full
    new, crescent, quarter, gibbous, full
    dark, light, half, quarter, blue
    first quarter, second quarter, third quarter, fourth quarter
  • Question 60
    20 seconds
    Q. How many phases does the moon go through?
    answer choices
    4
    8
    10
    16
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