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One of three codons that signals for the termination of an amino chain.
Different forms of the same gene.
The monomers that make proteins (polymers), coded for by one mRNA codon.
Glycerol fatty acids
Structural component that forms ribosomes.
Producers that create their own energy from sun or chemicals.
Creating an amino acid chain (protein) from an mRNA sequence.
Starting point of transcription/translation, building the “factory” needed to make mRNA & the protein.
The coding sections of mRNA that are left behind after modification.
What enzyme is responsible for unwinding and unzipping the DNA double helix and adding RNA nucleotides during transcription?
A cell structure that surround a cell; provides support and protection; can be made up of chitin, cellulose, peptidoglycan, silica and proteins
Eukaryotic, cell wall is silica, calcium carbonate and proteins. Unicellular and multicellular; autotrophic and heterotrophic. Examples: Misfits like paramecium, eugiena and amoeba
Unicellular, prokaryotic, live in extreme environments, thrive in anaerobic environments, and cell walls lack peptidoglycan. Ex. Ancient bacteria- Extremophiles methanococcus; halophiles
Partition in plant cells that forms during cell division
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or recessive.
a group of populations living and interacting with each other in an area.
A relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is harmed
The active, uncoiled form of DNA carrying out the functions of the cell
A type of organism that is made up of a single cell
Contains two sets of chromosomes
Monosaccarides are the subunits of this macromolecule.
Type of ER with ribosomes
The offspring of generations that are Aa for a trait.
What is the energy used by all cells?
Spindle fibers attach to centromeres, chromosomes line up in center of cell
Is hidden when the dominant allele is present. Only expresses itself when the genotype is aa.