8R Waves and Plate Tectonics Unit Test Review
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The theory that Earth’s crust is broken into large pieces that move and interact is called

    answer choices

    evolution

    mountain building

    the rock cycle

    plate tectonics

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q.

    In which state is an earthquake most likely to occur?

    answer choices

    New York

    Florida

    Kansas

    California

  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Forces deep within the Earth's surface push rocks together and cause them to _________________ as shown in the diagram.

    answer choices

    fault

    form

    fold

    expand

  • Question 4
    30 seconds
    Q.

    ________ boundaries are places where plates move toward each other and collide.

    answer choices

    divergent

    convergent

    transform

    expand

  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Q.

    One of the ways scientists know there is liquid inside the Earth is because

    answer choices

    earthquake waves refract when they travel through the Earth

    earthquake waves diffract when they travel through the Earth

    the scientists dug down into a trench to see Earth’s interior

    aliens told the scientists

  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Skiiers often wear sunglasses while they are skiing because snow

    answer choices

    radiates light

    conducts light

    absorbs light

    reflects light

  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Geologists believe that millions of years ago all of the continents were united into a single supercontinent, called

    answer choices

    Atlantis

    Euroamerica

    Pangaea

    Transoceanna

  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which type of energy is transferred by vibrational waves?

    answer choices

    Nuclear

    Chemical

    Light

    Sound

  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q.

    As air is pumped from a vacuum jar, the sound level of a ringing bell will decrease until it can no longer be heard. This happens because air must be present in the jar in order for

    answer choices

    sound to be transferred

    the rubber to seal the jar

    electricity to flow through the wires

    the bell clangor to vibrate

  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q.

    As a longitudinal wave moves to the right through a medium, the molecules of the medium move

    answer choices

    in a circular motion

    right to left

    up and down

    to the right

  • Question 11
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which evidence best supports the idea that the landmasses on Earth were once connected?

    answer choices

    North America and India have matching mountain chains.

    Madagascar and India have similar shapes.

    Matching rock layers can be found in Africa and South America.

    Bedrock in Australia and Greenland have glacier scratches.

  • Question 12
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which present day feature of India resulted from it's collision with the Eurasian plate?

    answer choices

    A rift valley

    A mountain range

    An oceanic ridge

    An oceanic trench

  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which statement best describes the property of light waves causing a pencil to look bent in a beaker of water?

    answer choices

    Some materials absorb light waves.

    Some materials reflect light waves.

    Light waves are refracted by some materials.

    Light waves are emitted by some materials.

  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Q.

    In this diagram, the light ray is being

    answer choices

    absorbed

    diffracted

    reflected

    refracted

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The San Andreas Fault is the result of:

    answer choices

    Overpopulation

    A large glacier

    Weathering and erosion

    Crustal plate movement

  • Question 16
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The type of plate boundary represented in the diagram below is an example of

    answer choices

    divergent plate boundary

    continent and continent convergent plate boundary

    subduction plate boundary

    transform plate boundary

  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which type of electromagnetic energy has a shorter wavelength than ultraviolet waves?

    answer choices

    visible light

    x-rays

    microwaves

    infrared light

  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which type of electromagnetic energy has a longer wavelength than infrared light?

    answer choices

    visible light

    x-rays

    microwaves

    gamma rays

  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Tectonic plates interact at places called plate

    answer choices

    reversals

    regions

    subductions

    boundaries

  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Places where tectonic plates come together are called

    answer choices

    convergent boundaries

    divergent boundaries

    transform boundaries

    rift valleys

  • Question 21
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Oceanic crust is made mostly of

    answer choices

    granite

    basalt

    water

    sediments

  • Question 22
    30 seconds
    Q.

    At which tectonic plate boundary do plates slide horizontally past each other?

    answer choices

    convergent boundaries

    divergent boundaries

    transform boundaries

    rift valleys

  • Question 23
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which two processes could result in the formation of high mountains with well-rounded peaks?

    answer choices

    volcanic eruptions and global warming

    earthquakes and tidal activity

    collision of crustal plates and erosion

    production of greenhouse gases and weathering

  • Question 24
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Movement of Earth’s crust along plate boundaries produces:

    answer choices

    fronts

    tides

    hurricanes

    earthquakes

  • Question 25
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which Earth layer is the most dense?

    answer choices

    plastic mantle

    outer core

    stiffer mantle

    inner core

  • Question 26
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which Earth layer is the least dense?

    answer choices

    plastic mantle

    outer core

    crust

    inner core

  • Question 27
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Convection currents, which may be the driving force for the movement of lithospheric plates, are mostly found in Earth’s:

    answer choices

    crust

    outer core

    plastic mantle

    inner core

  • Question 28
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The primary cause of convection currents is believed to be the

    answer choices

    differences in density of Earth materials

    sinking of the crust

    occurrence of earthquakes

    the spinning of Earth

  • Question 29
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Most of Earth’s major earthquakes are caused by

    answer choices

    seasonal heating and cooling of Earth’s surface

    weathering of rock at Earth’s surface

    Earth’s gravitational attraction to the Moon

    faulting of rock in Earth’s crust

  • Question 30
    30 seconds
    Q. Who is the person credited with developing the theory of continental drift?
    answer choices
    Harry Hess
    Galileo
    Alfred Wegener
    Newton
  • Question 31
    30 seconds
    Q. This is a picture of glacier scars found in Africa.  What are these evidence for?
    answer choices
    Africa has always been near the equator
    Africa was once in an area of the Earth that had a very cold climate
    The continents have not moved
    sea floor spreading
  • Question 32
    30 seconds
    Q. What does the theory of continental drift state?
    answer choices
    The continents were once joined in a super-continent and have moved over time
    Continents are stationary and do not move
    The Earth is broken into lithospheric plates that move due to convection currents
    none of the above
  • Question 33
    30 seconds
    Q. What evidence did Wegener use in his theory?
    answer choices
    Continents and fossils fitting together/matching-up like puzzle pieces 
    glacier scars and evidence from temperature
    mountain ranges and coal deposits line up across continents
    all of the above
  • Question 34
    30 seconds
    Q. What two specific continents fit together most noticeably?
    answer choices
    Africa and North America
    South America and Europe
    South America and Africa
    Antartica and Africa
  • Question 35
    30 seconds
    Q. Which type of plate boundary would cause folded mountains to form? 
    answer choices
    transform
    convergent
    divergent
    subduction
  • Question 36
    30 seconds
    Q. The Great Rift Valley in Africa and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge were both created by this type of plate boundary. 
    answer choices
    divergent
    convergent
    transform
    subduction
  • Question 37
    30 seconds
    Q. What are the two types of crust?
    answer choices
    continental and oceanic
    ocean and basin
    lower and upper
    thick and thin
  • Question 38
    30 seconds
    Q. What drives tectonic plate movement? 
    answer choices
    gravity
    coriolis effect
    convection currents
    the earth's magnetic core
  • Question 39
    30 seconds
    Q. Earthquakes and volcanoes are most likely found in which locations? 
    answer choices
    at plate boundaries
    in oceans
    in the middle of continents
    in the middle of plates
  • Question 40
    30 seconds
    Q. When one plate slides underneath another, it ____ and the magma _____. 
    answer choices
    hardens; sinks
    melts; sinks
    hardens; rises
    melts; rises
  • Question 41
    30 seconds
    Q. Transform boundaries are most likely to produce what phenomenon?
    answer choices
    volcanoes
    deep sea trenches
    underwater mountain ranges
    earthquakes
  • Question 42
    30 seconds
    Q. When an oceanic plate and a continental plate collide, which one will subduct? 
    answer choices
    oceanic
    continental
    neither
    both
  • Question 43
    30 seconds
    Q. Two tectonic plates collide at a ___ plate boundary.
    answer choices
    convergent
    divergent
    transform
    transformer
  • Question 44
    30 seconds
    Q. The process by which the ocean floor sinks beneath a deep ocean trench and back into the mantle is known as
    answer choices
    convection
    continental drift
    subduction
    conduction
  • Question 45
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What property of this wave is represented by the letter "A"

    answer choices

    amplitude

    crest

    trough

    wavelength

  • Question 46
    900 seconds
    Q. What property of the wave is represented by the letter "B"?
    answer choices
    amplitude
    crest
    trough
    wavelength
  • Question 47
    900 seconds
    Q. The highest point on a wave is:
    answer choices
    the crest
    the trough
    the top
    the coast 
  • Question 48
    900 seconds
    Q. The lowest point on a wave is the:
    answer choices
    Amplitude
    Crest
    Trough
    Wavelength
  • Question 49
    900 seconds
    Q. The number of wavelengths that pass a point each per second is:
    answer choices
    frequency
    period
    longitudinal 
    transverse wave 
  • Question 50
    30 seconds
    Q. When the frequency of a wave increases, what happens to the wavelength?
    answer choices
    The wavelength is not directly affected by the frequency of a wave.
    The wavelength increases.
    The wavelength decreases.
    More specific information is needed to form a conclusion about the wavelength.
  • Question 51
    30 seconds
    Q. Which wave in the diagram has the greatest frequency?
    answer choices
    1
    2
    3
    4
  • Question 52
    30 seconds
    Q. Which wave in the diagram has the greatest wavelength?
    answer choices
    1
    2
    3
    4
  • Question 53
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of the following can sound travel through?
    answer choices
    solid
    liquid
    gas
    all of the above
  • Question 54
    30 seconds
    Q. When a wave strikes and object and bounces off. (example echo)
    answer choices
    medium
    refraction
    reflection
    interference
  • Question 55
    30 seconds
    Q. When a wave bends as it passes through at an angle from one medium to another.(example: pencil in a glass of water-)
    answer choices
    medium
    refraction
    reflection
    interference
  • Question 56
    30 seconds
    Q. What kind of plate boundary is shown here?
    answer choices
    divergent
    convergent
    transform
    subducting
  • Question 57
    30 seconds
    Q. What kind of plate boundary is shown here?
    answer choices
    divergent
    convergent
    transform
    submergent
  • Question 58
    30 seconds
    Q. Name the boundary
    answer choices
    convergent boundary
    divergent boundary
    transform boundary
    sergent boundary
  • Question 59
    30 seconds
    Q. What would you be most likely to find at a transform boundary?
    answer choices
    Earthquakes
    Volcanoes
    Mountains
    Rift
  • Question 60
    30 seconds
    Q. What would you be most likely to find at a convergent boundary between a continental and oceanic plate?
    answer choices
    Mountains
    Volcanoes
    Mid-Ocean Ridge
    Rift
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