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The founder of utilitarianism was...
John Stuart Mill
Bentham's starting point for this ethical theory was...
A claim about how society should function
A claim about what is absolutely right
A claim about the psychology of human beings
A claim about what God wants
Bentham thought that human beings naturally...
Sought to serve their own preferences
Sought to make friends
Sought to abide by the will of God
Sought to secure pleasure and avoid pain
The idea that human beings naturally seek pleasure is called...
What is an intrinsic good?
Something that is good in itself
Something that is good because it leads to something even better.
Something that is good because it leads to pleasure
Something that is good because Bentham said so.
'The greatest happiness for the greatest number' is know as...
The Utility Happiness Principle
The Aggregate Happiness Principle
The Greatest Happiness Principle
The Mediocre Happiness Principle
Three underlying principles of utilitarianism are...
Democracy, Hedonism and Equity
Equity, Hedonism and Teleology
Hedonism, Equity and Deontology
Hedonism, Equity and Consequentialism
The Equity Principle states that...
The morality of an action depends on whether it produces favourable consequences
Everybody's pleasure is of equal worth and consideration
Everybody's pleasure is NOT of equal worth and consideration
The right action is that which secures maximum pleasure.
Consequentialism is the doctrine that...
Actions are right insofar as they serve your own best interests.
Actions are right insofar as they adhere to God's laws.
Actions are right insofar as help you develop your character.
Actions are right insofar as they produce favourable consequences.
Utilitarianism is typically seen as a reaction to...
The absolutist system of God
The absolutist system of Kant