EOC Review Questions - Cells
6 months ago
clittle_01564
Save
Edit
Host a game
Live GameLive
Homework
Solo Practice
Practice
26 QuestionsShow answers
  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q.

    In which of the following organelles are proteins assembled?

    answer choices

    mitochondria

    ribosomes

    chloroplasts

    lysosomes

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following structures serves as the cell's boundary from its environment?

    answer choices

    mitochondrion

    cell membrane

    cell wall

    nucleus

  • Question 3
    45 seconds
    Q.

    How do eukaryotic organisms differ from prokaryotic organisms?

    answer choices

    Prokaryotic organisms are not made up of cells

    Prokaryotic organisms do no contain genetic information

    The cells of prokaryotic organisms are larger than those of eukaryotic organisms

    The cells of prokaryotic organisms do not have nuclei

  • Question 4
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Which of these statements is a principle of the cell theory that supports the idea that new cells will replace damaged cells in a scraped knee?

    answer choices

    All living things are composed of one or more cells.

    Cells are the basic unit of structure and function of all living things.

    All cells arise from previously existing cells.

    Most cells are too small to be viewed with the unaided eye.

  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which term describes the movement of water through a cell membrane?

    answer choices

    osmosis

    homeostasis

    metaoblism

    active transport

  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which type of cellular transport requires a cell to use energy?

    answer choices

    facilitated diffusion

    osmosis

    active transport

    movement of glucose along a concentration gradient

  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q.

    In which type of cellular transport are Na+ and K+ moved through a cell membrane?

    answer choices

    facilitated diffusion

    active transport

    diffusion

    osmosis

  • Question 8
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What would happen to a plant cell placed in a solution of seawater?

    answer choices

    The cell would swell because the ocean water is hypotonic.

    The cell would swell because the ocean water is hypertonic.

    The cell would shrivel because the ocean water is hypotonic.

    The cell would shrivel because the ocean water is hypertonic.

  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q.

    What type of macromolecule is composed of chains of amino acids that are joined together by peptide bonds?

    answer choices

    lipids

    carbohydrates

    fats

    proteins

  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which class of macromolecules is primarily used as a rapidly available energy source by living things?

    answer choices

    lipids

    carbohydrates

    fats

    proteins

  • Question 11
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which best describes the main role of nucleic acids in living things?

    answer choices

    They store and transmit information in the form of a code.

    They serve as a long-lasting energy source for cells.

    They serve as a source of quick energy for cells.

    They serve as building blocks for tissues, transport other molecules, and help regulate certain biochemical reactions.

  • Question 12
    45 seconds
    Q.

    What is the primary function of enzymes?

    answer choices

    They keep the pH of the body within acceptable levels.

    They make essential biochemical reactions possible or speed them up.

    They enable the body to use energy to produce food.

    They give cells the energy they need to carry out life functions.

  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Q.

    What is the name of the region where a reactant binds to an enzyme?

    answer choices

    catalyst

    product

    substrate

    active site

  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Q.

    How do enzymes speed up biochemical reactions?

    answer choices

    by releasing energy

    by absorbing energy

    by lowering activation energy

    by raising activation energy

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following are the reactants of photosynthesis?

    answer choices

    water (H2O) and glucose (C6H12O6)

    glucose (C6H12O6) and carbon dioxide (CO2)

    carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O)

    oxygen (O2) and water (H2O)

  • Question 16
    30 seconds
    Q.

    What is the source of energy for photosynthesis?

    answer choices

    sunlight

    carbon dioxide

    glucose

    water

  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Glycolysis occurs in which part of the cell?

    answer choices

    in the nucleus

    in the mitochondria

    in the cytoplasm

    the cell membrane

  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Q.

    What does A represent in the diagram?

    answer choices

    the energy of the products

    the progress of the reaction

    activation energy without a catalyst

    activation energy with a catalyst

  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Energy is gained in an ADP molecule when which of the following occurs?

    answer choices

    ADP loses an electron

    ADP binds to a ribose

    ADP gains a phosphate group

    ADP gains a nucleotide

  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q.

    DNA and RNA are macromolecules made up of

    answer choices

    nucleotides

    carbohydrates

    lipids

    amino acids

  • Question 21
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which evidence indicates that the cell shown must be a plant cell?

    answer choices

    the well-defined nucleus and ribosomes

    the presence of a cell membrane and cytoplasm

    the large vacuole, chloroplasts, and cell wall

    the fact that is only one cell (unicellular)

  • Question 22
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Why are aerobic reactions more efficient for cellular metabolism than anaerobic reactions?

    answer choices

    Aerobic reactions build up lactic acid, which contains more stored energy.

    Aerobic reactions are faster than anaerobic reactions and generate more ADP.

    Aerobic reactions do not require oxygen to build protein molecules.

    Aerobic reactions break down sugars more completely and produce the maximum amount of ATP.

  • Question 23
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the diagrams above shows a cell in a hypotonic solution?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    none of these are in a hypotonic solution

  • Question 24
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which organelle(s) in the diagram above releases energy from stored food molecules to power cellular functions?

    answer choices

    #9 only

    #1 & #13

    #8 & #6

    #3 & #4

  • Question 25
    45 seconds
    Q.

    Which process takes place in the presence of oxygen and produces nearly 20 times as much ATP as glycolysis alone?

    answer choices

    photosynthesis

    lactic acid fermentation

    aerobic respiration

    alcoholic fermentation

  • Question 26
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following traps light energy during the light-dependent reactions

    answer choices

    carbon dioxide

    RNA

    chlorophyll

    water

Report Quiz
Join a game