Cognitive Psychology(Lang &IQ)
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49 QuestionsShow answers
  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q. A prototype is best defined as
    answer choices
    An example of habituation
    An example of bottom-up processing
    The hypothetical “most typical” instance of a category
    An essential element of category membership
  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q. The cognitive theory of depression states that depression results from
    answer choices
    Anger directed toward the self and significant others
    An excess of certain neurotransmitters in the brain
    Maladaptive interpretations of life events
    Oral fixations from disturbed mother-infant relationships
  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Q. The intelligence quotient (IQ) has traditionally been based on the relationship between an individual’s mental age and his or her
    answer choices
    Stage of cognitive development
    Reading ability
    Chronological age
    Quantitative aptitude
  • Question 4
    30 seconds
    Q. In a normal distribution of test scores, the percentage of scores that fall at or below the mean score is
    answer choices
    25
    50
    66.6
    95
  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Q. A teacher asks students to think of as many uses for a brick as possible. By listing 50 uses, most of which the class finds new and unusual, Susan is displaying
    answer choices
    Computational learning
    Paired-associate learning
    Hypothetical thinking
    Divergent thinking
  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q. The hypothesis that intelligence is in part inherited is best supported by the fact that the IQ correlation for
    answer choices
    Pairs of twins reared together is greater than the correlation for pairs of twins reared apart
    Pairs of identical twins is greater than for pairs of fraternal twins
    Pairs of fraternal twins is greater than the correlation for other pairs of siblings
    Adopted children and their adoptive parents is greater than the correlation for the same children and their biological parents
  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of the following types of tests is designed to measure an individual’s knowledge of a subject?
    answer choices
    Achievement
    Attitude
    Aptitude
    Projective
  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Q. A word or part of a word that is in itself meaningful, but that cannot be broken into smaller meaningful units, is called
    answer choices
    Grapheme
    Morpheme
    Phoneme
    Holophrase
  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q. The rules of grammar are rules of
    answer choices
    Phonemes
    Morphemes
    Syntax
    Semantics
  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q. A student who obtained a percentile rank of 75 on an achievement test is best characterized as having
    answer choices
    Ranked 75th from the top in a group of 100 test takers
    Answered 75% of the test questions correctly
    Scored higher than 75% of the test takers
    Scored 75% higher than the average test taker
  • Question 11
    30 seconds
    Q. The performance of the group on which an IQ test is standardized sets the
    answer choices
    Method of administration most suitable for the test
    Extent to which IQ is determined by environment
    Degree of validity of the IQ test
    Norms against which the performance of later test takers can be evaluated
  • Question 12
    30 seconds
    Q. Processing every possible combination of the letters DBRI to arrive at the word BIRD is an example of the use of
    answer choices
    An algorithm
    An inference rule
    A hypothesis
    A heuristic
  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Q. Metacognition refers to
    answer choices
    Amnesia
    Mental retardation
    Artificial intelligence
    Thinking about thinking
  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Q.

    A test that is labeled an achievement test is most likely to be given to

    answer choices

    Predict an individual’s ability to succeed in a particular job

    Allow a student to be exempted from a college course(your AP Exam in May)

    Assess the mental age of a gifted eight-year-old

    Investigate an individual’s cognitive style

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Q. Noam Chomsky’s view of language proposed that
    answer choices
    There is an inherent language acquisition device
    Thinking is merely subvocal language
    Different levels of language ability are hereditarily determined
    Language acquisition can be explained by social modeling
  • Question 16
    30 seconds
    Q. A normally functioning 65-year-old who cannot solve abstract logic puzzles are as quickly as he did when he was younger is experiencing a
    answer choices
    Phenomenon that is uncommon for people his age
    Phenomenon predicted by Erik Erikson as part of the eight stages of psychosocial development
    Decrease in his crystallized intelligence
    Decrease in his fluid intelligence
  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Q. Language is defined as:
    answer choices
    the ability to speak using the vocalizations of meaning through sound
    communication combining sounds and symbols according to specific rules
    communication using letters to represent sounds according to specific rules
    the ability to communicate through symbols representative of meaning
  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Q. Morphemes
    answer choices
    the smallest units of sound that carry meaning
    the smallest units of sound that make up language
    the system of rules for putting words in order
    the system of using words to create meaning
  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Q. Phonemes
    answer choices
    the smallest units of sound that make up language
    the smallest units of sound that carry meaning
    the system of using words to create meaning
    the system of rules for putting words in order
  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q. Grammar
    answer choices
    the system of rules for acceptable language
    the smallest units of sound that carry meaning
    the system of rules for putting words in order
    the system of using words to create meaning
  • Question 21
    30 seconds
    Q. Syntax
    answer choices
    the system of rules for putting words in order
    the smallest units of sound that carry meaning
    the smallest units of sound that make up language
    the system of using words to create meaning
  • Question 22
    30 seconds
    Q. Semantics
    answer choices
    the system of rules for putting words in order
    the smallest units of sound that carry meaning
    the smallest units of sound that make up language
    the system of using words to create meaning
  • Question 23
    30 seconds
    Q. A(n) ________ is an abstract unit of thought that represents an object or a quality.
    answer choices
    concept
    image
    heuristic
    rule
  • Question 24
    30 seconds
    Q. An example of a concept that has most of the features of that concept is known as a(n) ________.
    answer choices
    algorithm
    prototype
    heuristic
    symbol
  • Question 25
    30 seconds
    Q. Being aware of or thinking about one’s own mental processes is known as ____________________.
    answer choices
    metacognition
    algorithm
    prototype
    heuristic
  • Question 26
    30 seconds
    Q. Heuristics are problem solving strategies which
    answer choices
    use a rule of thumb.
    use random search strategies.
    guarantee success in solving a problem.
    reduce the number of alternatives.
  • Question 27
    30 seconds
    Q.

    People develop a(n) __________________, which is using the same strategy or pattern to solve similar problems.

    answer choices

    functional fixedness

    mental set

    stuck thinking

    confirmation bias

  • Question 28
    30 seconds
    Q. The test you took for AP US History does not produce consistent results, even when comparing students at the extreme ends of performance. This test is not:
    answer choices
    Valid
    Reliable
    Standardized
    Normal
  • Question 29
    30 seconds
    Q. I gave each of you a totally different intelligence test in a totally different manner. You should complain that the test is not:
    answer choices
    Valid
    Reliable
    Standardized
    Normal
  • Question 30
    30 seconds
    Q. For the intelligence quiz I considered having you do pushups, however this would not be a ____________ measure of your knowledge of intelligence.
    answer choices
    Valid
    Reliable
    Standardized
    Normal
  • Question 31
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following best exemplifies crystallized intelligence:

    answer choices

    Making plans for your future

    Knowledge gained from education

    Grappling with the meaning of life

    Debating the pros and cons of a political ideology

  • Question 32
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Fluid intelligence can be expressed as being:

    answer choices

    acquired facts

    making decisions

    math facts

    chemical symbols

  • Question 33
    30 seconds
    Q. _______________is responsible for the multiple intelligences theory (8 Intelligences).
    answer choices
    Robert Sternberg
    Stanford-Binet
    Matthew Tirey
    Howard Gardner
  • Question 34
    30 seconds
    Q.

    _______________is responsible for the first IQ test.

    answer choices

    M.L. Snyder

    Howard Gardner

    Robert Sternberg

    Alfred Binet

  • Question 35
    30 seconds
    Q. Triarchic theory of intelligence is best associated with which theorist:
    answer choices
    Howard Gardner
    Robert Sternberg
    Stanford-Binet
    David Welshler
  • Question 36
    30 seconds
    Q. _______________is responsible for the test that independently measures both verbal and performance abilities.
    answer choices
    David Wechsler
    Robert Sternberg
    Stanford-Binet
    Howard Gardner
  • Question 37
    30 seconds
    Q. IQ is designed to measure:
    answer choices
    Practical intelligence
    Spatial intelligence
    Heinousness intelligence
    General intelligence
  • Question 38
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The G factor in intelligence stands for:

    answer choices

    Genious

    General

    Ginormous

    Grande

  • Question 39
    30 seconds
    Q. Which of the following would be best associated with ‘Multiple ability’ intelligence testing:
    answer choices
    Intelligence Quotient
    Whitaker Standard
    Gardner’s Theory
    Emotional Intelligence
  • Question 40
    30 seconds
    Q. What IQ is generally considered average?
    answer choices
    150
    125
    100
    70
  • Question 41
    30 seconds
    Q. What IQ is generally considered the threshold for mental retardation?
    answer choices
    100
    70
    50
    20
  • Question 42
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which is more correlated with intelligence, according to researchers:

    answer choices

    Smaller brains

    Speedy brains

    Heavier brians

    Total brain size

  • Question 43
    30 seconds
    Q. Louis Terman showed that mentally gifted children
    answer choices
    have a greater susceptibility to mental illness in adulthood. 
    score in the average IQ range as adults.
    are successful during their youth but fail to reach their potential in adulthood.
    are generally successful in their chosen occupations as adults.
  • Question 44
    30 seconds
    Q. On a fishing trip, Ed realizes that he has mistakenly packed the sewing box instead of the tackle box. He wants to fish but returns home because he does not have any lines or hooks. Ed’s failure to realize that sewing thread can be used as fishing line and that a bent needle can be used as a hook is an example of
    answer choices
    Cognitive accommodation
    Backward masking
    Functional fixedness
    Proactive interference
  • Question 45
    30 seconds
    Q. A rule-of-thumb problem-solving strategy is a(n) _____________________.
    answer choices
    a heuristic
    an "ideal" solution
    vicarious problem solving
    an algorithmic strategy
  • Question 46
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Framing refers to

    answer choices

    a methodical step-by-step procedure for solving problems.

    the grouping of similar objects, events, or people into a category.

    the way in which a problem or issue is phrased or worded.

    judging the likelihood of an event based on how well it matches a prototype.

  • Question 47
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Rudy is 6 feet 6 inches tall, weighs 210 pounds, and is very fit. If you think that Rudy is more likely to be a basketball player than a computer programmer, you may be wrong because of:

    answer choices

    belief bias.

    the availability heuristic.

    mental set.

    the representativeness heuristic.

  • Question 48
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The representativeness heuristic refers to our tendency to

    answer choices

    judge the likelihood of category membership by how closely an object or event resembles a particular prototype.

    judge the likelihood of an event in terms of how readily instances of its occurrence are remembered.

    cling to our initial conceptions, even though they have been discredited.

    underestimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.

  • Question 49
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Many people perceive carjackings as more serious threats to their lives than failing to use seat belts because carjackings are so much more memorable. This best illustrates the importance of

    answer choices

    belief perseverance.

    the representativeness heuristic.

    confirmation bias.

    the availability heuristic.

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