Mid-Term Review
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q.

    . . . The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all and consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual or collective self-defense . . . will assist the Party or Parties so attacked by taking forthwith, individually and in concert with the other Parties, such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security of the . . . area. . . .


    Which of the following claims is supported by the document above?

    answer choices

    A Command economy is more efficient than a free market economy.

    Cooperation between nations is a risk to those who participate.

    Alliances can provide more security and strength than isolation.

    Imperialism is a thing of the past that does not affect the 21st century.

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Base your answer on the passage below.


    When I was young, the Chairman promised us all food. He promised that we would never go hungry again or be without work; my family was led to a village where we became members of a production team. We worked hard, long hours but we were fed every day. The commune prospered at first, but soon people did not meet their quotas and we did not increase our production. We all received the same amount of rice; it didn't matter how much work we did. With the new Chairman, things are different in our village. The government has given us plots of land to work as our own, though I still put in time as a commune worker. We can now keep the amount we produce above the quota set by the government. This has made most of us work harder and the government quotas are being met for the first time.

    ––Conversations with a Farmworker (1986)


    The farmworker's description of life when he was young in this passage most clearly shows the influence of which of the following?

    answer choices

    Russian Revolution

    The Great Leap Forward

    Four Modernizations

    Green Revolution

  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The development that led to the situation in this cartoon most closely parallels which of the following?

    answer choices

    Joseph Stalin's collectivization of agriculture in the Soviet Union

    mass migration out of Ireland after the failure of the potato crop

    the Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    the Meiji Restoration in Japan

  • Question 4
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Base your answer on the quote below.


    "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of central and eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia, all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I might call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence, but to very high, and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow."


    –Winston Churchill


    Based on this quote, Winston Churchill would most likely support which of the following developments?

    answer choices

    Truman Doctrine

    construction of the Berlin Wall

    Warsaw Pact

    Bolshevik Revolution

  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The situation in this cartoon most clearly shows the influence of which of the following developments?

    answer choices

    The Great Leap Forward

    Four Modernizations

    Japanese Invasion of Manchuria

    demonstrations in Tiananmen Square

  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which later development changed the situation shown in this cartoon?

    answer choices

    Mao Zedong's Cultural Revolution

    Mao Zedong's Long March

    Chiang Kai-sek's nationalist movement

    Deng Xiaoping's Four Modernizations

  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q.

    "A wind has been blowing from the West; now it will begin to blow from the East." —Mao Zedong, 1949


    Which later development created an obstacle to the main idea of this quote?

    answer choices

    disruptions in economic development caused by the Cultural Revolution

    foreign imperialism following defeat in the Opium Wars

    a lasting alliance that gave the Soviet Union too much power over China

    loss of Communist Party control after the events at Tianmanen Square

  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Q.

    "A wind has been blowing from the West; now it will begin to blow from the East." —Mao Zedong, 1949


    The main idea of this quote most directly influenced Mao Zedong to call for which of the following?

    answer choices

    Four Modernizations

    Great Leap Forward

    Meiji Restoration

    military response to the protests in Tiananmen Square

  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q.

    "The Soviet people want a clear perspective . . . unconditional democracy . . . Glasnost in all things, big and small . . . respect for hard work . . . and faithful service for the cause and the good of society."


    Which leader would most likely have made this statement?

    answer choices

    Adolf Hitler

    Mohandas Gandhi

    Benito Mussolini

    Mikhail Gorbachev

  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q.

    . . . I mention all these details, which I remember so clearly, in order [to] give a sense of the shock that we suffered when The Wall came upon us one night. There we were in Berlin, at the crossroads between East and West, at the juncture of two fundamentally different cultures, and suddenly we were locked up like canaries in a cage. Literally from one day to the next, from being a vibrant and cultured city, Berlin subsided into the drowsy torpor [dullness] of a midsummer afternoon in the provinces. We were imprisoned in a dull, flat country .... - Jens Reich, "Reflections on becoming an East German dissident, on losing the Wall and a country," in Gwyn Prins, ed., Spring in Winter: The 1989 Revolutions


    The historical event reflected in this passage symbolized the ideological tensions between

    answer choices

    church and state

    democracy and communism

    absolute monarchy and fascism

    the Axis Powers and Allied Powers

  • Question 11
    30 seconds
    Q.

    . . . I mention all these details, which I remember so clearly, in order [to] give a sense of the shock that we suffered when The Wall came upon us one night. There we were in Berlin, at the crossroads between East and West, at the juncture of two fundamentally different cultures, and suddenly we were locked up like canaries in a cage. Literally from one day to the next, from being a vibrant and cultured city, Berlin subsided into the drowsy torpor [dullness] of a midsummer afternoon in the provinces. We were imprisoned in a dull, flat country .... - Jens Reich, "Reflections on becoming an East German dissident, on losing the Wall and a country," in Gwyn Prins, ed., Spring in Winter: The 1989 Revolutions


    Which historical event is directly reflected in the passage?

    answer choices

    building of a barrier between East and West Berlin

    formation of the Warsaw Pact

    the Berlin Airlift

    occupation of Germany

  • Question 12
    30 seconds
    Q.

    "The Soviet people want a clear perspective . . . unconditional democracy . . . Glasnost in all things, big and small . . . respect for hard work . . . and faithful service for the cause and the good of society"


    Based on this statement, what is the author's point of view?

    answer choices

    the political system of a Communist nation cannot be changed

    foreign aid is needed to achieve economic stability

    the nation has been damaged by civil unrest

    the people should have more say in their government and it should work for the benefit of the people

  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Q.

    "...The Nazi Holocaust, which engulfed millions of Jews in Europe, proved anew the urgency of the reestablishment of the Jewish state, which would solve the problem of Jewish homelessness by opening the gates to all Jews and lifting the Jewish people to equality in the family of nations..."


    The events described in this passage contributed most directly to which of the following?

    answer choices

    the Nuremberg Trials

    expulsion of Jews from Spain

    Israeli-Palestinian conflict

    formation of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Q.

    "...The Nazi Holocaust, which engulfed millions of Jews in Europe, proved anew the urgency of the reestablishment of the Jewish state, which would solve the problem of Jewish homelessness by opening the gates to all Jews and lifting the Jewish people to equality in the family of nations..."


    This passage is expressing support for which of the following?

    answer choices

    Zionism

    Globalization

    theocracy

    self-determination

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Q.

    " ...In order to obtain Arab support in the War, the British Government promised the Sherif of Mecca in 1915 that, in the event of an Allied victory, the greater part of the Arab provinces of the Turkish Empire would become independent. The Arabs understood that Palestine would be included in the sphere of independence. In order to obtain the support of World Jewry, the British Government in 1917 issued the Balfour Declaration. The Jews understood that, if the experiment of establishing a Jewish National Home succeeded and a sufficient number of Jews went to Palestine, the National Home might develop in course of time into a Jewish State." — Summary of the Report of the Palestine Royal Commission, 1937


    Which later development was encouraged by the Balfour Declaration described in this passage?

    answer choices

    Palestinian control of the West Bank and Gaza Strip

    Allied victory in World War II

    independence for Saudi Arabia

    creation of the nation of Israel

  • Question 16
    30 seconds
    Q.

    "...In order to obtain Arab support in the War, the British Government promised the Sherif of Mecca in 1915 that, in the event of an Allied victory, the greater part of the Arab provinces of the Turkish Empire would become independent. The Arabs understood that Palestine would be included in the sphere of independence. In order to obtain the support of World Jewry, the British Government in 1917 issued the Balfour Declaration. The Jews understood that, if the experiment of establishing a Jewish National Home succeeded and a sufficient number of Jews went to Palestine, the National Home might develop in course of time into a Jewish State." — Summary of the Report of the Palestine Royal Commission, 1937


    The events described in this passage contributed most directly to which of the following?

    answer choices

    the peace agreement reached under the Camp David Accords

    British alliances during WWII

    conflicts over control of land in the Middle East

    creation of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Q.

    "...In order to obtain Arab support in the War, the British Government promised the Sherif of Mecca in 1915 that, in the event of an Allied victory, the greater part of the Arab provinces of the Turkish Empire would become independent. The Arabs understood that Palestine would be included in the sphere of independence. In order to obtain the support of World Jewry, the British Government in 1917 issued the Balfour Declaration. The Jews understood that, if the experiment of establishing a Jewish National Home succeeded and a sufficient number of Jews went to Palestine, the National Home might develop in course of time into a Jewish State." — Summary of the Report of the Palestine Royal Commission, 1937


    Based on this passage, Great Britain attempted to gain both Arab and Jewish support by appealing to which of the following principles among both groups?

    answer choices

    imperialism

    nationalism

    militarism

    economic development

  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Q.

    ...Indeed whilst on the one hand civil

    disobedience authorizes disobedience of unjust

    laws or unmoral laws of a state which one seeks

    to overthrow, it requires meek and willing

    submission to the penalty of disobedience and

    therefore cheerful acceptance of the jail discipline

    and its attendant hardships...

    -- Mohandas Gandhi


    Which claim is best supported by this quote?

    answer choices

    The Indian Independence Movement tried to keep its leaders out of jail at all costs.

    Leaders of the Indian Independence Movement emphasized peaceful resistance to British rule.

    Mohandas Gandhi opposed the totalitarian dictatorship that ruled India before Indian Independence

    Mohandas Gandhi believed that only a violent revolution could improve conditions for most Indians.

  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Q.

    ...Indeed whilst on the one hand civil disobedience authorizes disobedience of unjust laws or unmoral laws of a state which one seeks to overthrow, it requires meek and willing submission to the penalty of disobedience and therefore cheerful acceptance of the jail discipline and its attendant hardships... -- Mohandas Gandhi


    The point of view expressed by Gandhi in this quote contributed most directly to which of the following developments?

    answer choices

    Sepot Mutiny

    partition of India

    Salt March

    creation of the Muslim League

  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q.

    "Indian National Congress Refuses To Support British War Effort"

    "Indians Answer Call for the Production of Homespun Cloth"

    "Indians Call for Boycott of Imported British Cloth"


    Which claim is supported by these headlines?

    answer choices

    The Indian Independence Movement employed civil disobedience as a tactic.

    The Indian National Congress supported the partition of India.

    British imperialism had the support of many Indians.

    The Indian National Congress's primary goal was the industrialization of India.

  • Question 21
    30 seconds
    Q.

    "Indian National Congress Refuses To Support British War Effort"

    "Indians Answer Call for the Production of Homespun Cloth"

    "Indians Call for Boycott of Imported British Cloth"


    Which leader is most likely to be associated with these headlines?

    answer choices

    Jomo Kenyatta

    Mohandas Gandhi

    Muhammad Ali Jinnah

    Ho Chi Minh

  • Question 22
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which claim is best supported by the image?

    answer choices

    Most Southeast Asian countries were part of the Warsaw Pact.

    Most Western European countries were part of NATO.

    South Africa was a part of NATO.

    Many African countries were non-aligned.

  • Question 23
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The organizations represented on the map were formed as a direct result of

    answer choices

    a need to improve the economy of Europe by limiting trade restrictions

    environmental concerns that resulted from rapid industrialization

    conflicts caused by the Cold War

    collapse of the Soviet Union

  • Question 24
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The main idea of this cartoon resulted most directly from which of the following?

    answer choices

    Long March and Mao Zedong's Chinese Communist Revolution

    government response to demonstrations at Tiananmen Square

    Deng Xiaoping's Four Modernizations

    the Great Leap Forward and government plans to industrialize China

  • Question 25
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The situation shown in this cartoon most closely resembles which earlier development?

    answer choices

    French Revolution

    Bolshevik Revolution

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    German Militarism before WWI

  • Question 26
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The main idea of this cartoon was most directly a result of which of the following?

    answer choices

    the high cost of Russian involvement in World War I

    the failure of China's command economy

    economic problems and calls for self-determination among ethnic minorities

    Soviet fears of capitalist domination of Europe

  • Question 27
    30 seconds
    Q.

    A historian could best use this cartoon to study which of the following topics?

    answer choices

    Bolshevik Revolution

    Deng Xiaoping's economic reforms

    Collapse of the Soviet Union

    expansion of communism in Eastern Europe after World War II

  • Question 28
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which set of problems most directly contributed to the situation shown in this 1991 cartoon featuring Mikhail Gorbachev?

    answer choices

    refusal to adopt and accept aid from the Marshall Plan

    a forced famine in Ukraine and rebellions in the gulags

    invasions by foreign troops and Soviet cities under military siege

    a deteriorating Soviet economy and secessionist republics desiring independence

  • Question 29
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following contributed most directly to the main idea of this cartoon?

    answer choices

    bans on public transportation in East Germany

    failure of East Germany's command economy

    reparations payments for East Germany under the Treaty of Versailles

    Nazi propaganda in West Germany during World War II

  • Question 30
    30 seconds
    Q.

    This cartoon shows differences in Germany

    answer choices

    during the rise of Adolf Hitler

    after World War II

    during the Berlin Aircraft

    immediately after the fall of the Berlin Wall

  • Question 31
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which principle is illustrated by this cartoon?

    answer choices

    globalization

    climate change

    isolationism

    apartheid

  • Question 32
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The situation illustrated in the cartoon was mainly caused by the

    answer choices

    policies of the government of the Republic of South Africa toward blacks

    abundance of oil resources in the Republic of South Africa

    secession of the Republic of South Africa from the United Nations

    refusal of the Republic of South Africa to trade with other African nations

  • Question 33
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The best conclusion that can be drawn from these graphs is that in 1991

    answer choices

    the Boers outnumbered the British in South Africa

    the black population has decreased due to emigration

    Asians controlled a greater proportion of income in comparison to their population

    whites continued to control the largest amount of income after the end of apartheid

  • Question 34
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which statement can be supported by the information provided on this chart?

    answer choices

    South Africa has supported a policy of apartheid since before World War II.

    Algeria was the first nation in Africa to gain its independence since the end of World War II.

    Independence for African nations has been smooth and orderly

    Since 1990, South Africa has been moving toward a more democratic society.

  • Question 35
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The relationships among classes shown in this cartoon are most similar to relationships among classes that led to which of the following?

    answer choices

    Protestant reformation

    French Revolution

    The Holocaust

    rise of fascism in Italy

  • Question 36
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following claims best represents the point of view expressed in this cartoon?

    answer choices

    The spread of communism has caused an "iron curtain" to descend across Europe.

    Imperialism has led to the mistreatment of Indian people

    A government should have separation of powers so that no individual becomes too powerful.

    Poor Russians should revolt against the classes that exploit them.

  • Question 37
    30 seconds
    Q.

    What is the best title for this cartoon?

    answer choices

    "The Evils of Mechanization"

    "Preserve the Rain Forest"

    "A Dying Era"

    "Limit Population Growth"

  • Question 38
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The cartoon is concerned with the issue of

    answer choices

    human rights

    industrialization

    environmental concerns

    overpopulation

  • Question 39
    30 seconds
    Q.

    "Rhodesia Becomes Zimbabwe"

    "Gold Coast Becomes Ghana"


    A historian could best use these headlines to study which of the following?

    answer choices

    self-determination after World War I

    mining of natural resources in colonial Africa

    ethnic conflicts following African independence movements

    nationalism in Africa

  • Question 40
    30 seconds
    Q.

    "Rhodesia Becomes Zimbabwe"

    "Gold Coast Becomes Ghana"


    Which claim is best supported by these headlines?

    answer choices

    Ethnic rivalries led to the redrawing of national boundaries in many African nations following independence.

    European colonizers often did not consider local traditions and beliefs when colonizing Africa.

    Exports of natural resources are considered keys to economic growth in many African nations.

    The Treaty of Versailles resulted in self-determination for many African countries.

  • Question 41
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which letter identifies the peninsula that was the site of’ the Vietnam conflict and the atrocities of’ Pol Pot?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

  • Question 42
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The main idea of this cartoon has contributed most directly to which of the following?

    answer choices

    lasting peace in the Middle East

    rapid economic development in Gaza

    ongoing conflict between Palestinians and Israelis

    increased pollution from Gaza factories

  • Question 43
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The situation shown in this cartoon most directly resulted from which of the following?

    answer choices

    peace between Israel and Egypt created by the Camp David Accords

    formation of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

    opening of a new factory in Gaza

    an Israeli-Palestinian agreement to transfer control of some territory to Palestinian authorities

  • Question 44
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The situation shown in this cartoon is most clearly a violation of which of the following international agreements?

    answer choices

    Universal Declaration of Human Rights

    Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

    Treaty of Versailles

  • Question 45
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The situation shown in this cartoon most directly resulted from which of the following?

    answer choices

    the massacre of Armenians by the Ottoman Empire during World War I

    the mass killing of Jews by Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime during World War II

    the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    attempts by the Khmer Rouge to increase their control over the people of Cambodia

  • Question 46
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The development shown in this cartoon led most directly to which of the following?

    answer choices

    equal economic opportunities for South Africans of all races

    election of the African National Congress

    a decrease in the number of South Africans eligible to vote

    economic sanctions imposed on South Africa by many nations

  • Question 47
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The development shown in this cartoon most directly shows the influence of which of the following?

    answer choices

    popularity of white minority rule in South Africa

    new restrictions of voting rights in South Africa

    protests led by Nelson Mandela and Bishop Desmond Tutu

    international support for apartheid policies

  • Question 48
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following best represents a reason the two men are shaking hands in this cartoon?

    answer choices

    Scientists at the United Nations had developed clean nuclear energy sources.

    The Green Revolution succeeded in improving agricultural production in developing countries.

    The Soviet Union and United States had signed an arms limitation treaty.

    The Cold War had ended.

  • Question 49
    30 seconds
    Q.

    A historian could best use this cartoon to study perspectives on which of the following?

    answer choices

    development of alternative energy sources

    proliferation of nuclear weapons

    Cold War alliances

    impact of the Green Revolution on agriculture around the world

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