Civil War STAAR Questions (16,17,18)
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  • Question 1
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What was the main cause of the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson in 1868? 8.9(C)

    answer choices

    His opposition to the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment

    His refusal to investigate reported criminal activity by the Union army during the Civil War

    His opposition to Radical Reconstruction policies for former Confederate states

    His refusal to use the Homestead Act to redistribute land to former slaves

  • Question 2
    60 seconds
    Q.

    This painting shows artist Thomas Nast’s interpretation of General Robert E. Lee’s surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant, which ended the Civil War.


    Where did the events shown in this painting occur? 8.8(B)

    answer choices

    A private home in Appomattox County, Virginia

    The U.S. Capitol building

    A public church near Ford’s Theatre

    The Governor’s mansion in Richmond, Virginia

  • Question 3
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which change occurred as a direct result of these developments? 8.12(B)

    answer choices

    A reduction in the number of skilled workers in northern states

    The expansion of manufacturing into the western territories

    A reduction in trade with European countries

    The expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories

  • Question 4
    60 seconds
    Q.

    How did the Freedmen’s Bureau most assist in the reconstruction of the South? 8.9(A)

    answer choices

    By dividing large plantations and redistributing the property to former slaves

    By creating a militia to help enforce the voting rights of former slaves

    By offering legal assistance and public schooling to former slaves

    By petitioning the government to offer money to former slaves

  • Question 5
    60 seconds
    Q.

    This political cartoon comments on events that occurred during the — 8.1(A)

    answer choices

    Reconstruction era

    Age of Jackson

    Second Great Awakening

    War of 1812

  • Question 6
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following had the greatest impact on the outcome of the Civil War? 8.12(D)

    answer choices

    Economic differences between the Union and the Confederacy

    The amount of military training given to Union forces and Confederacy forces

    Religious differences between the Union and the Confederacy

    The alignment of foreign allies with the Union or with the Confederacy

  • Question 7
    60 seconds
    Q.

    This leader inspired followers of the abolitionist movement by — 8.24(A)

    answer choices

    writing Uncle Tom’s Cabin

    publishing the anti-slavery newspaper The North Star

    organizing the Underground Railroad

    becoming the first African American senator

  • Question 8
    60 seconds
    Q.

    How did President Lincoln succeed in permanently abolishing the practice represented by the tree in this cartoon? 8.16(B)

    answer choices

    By ordering the use of popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery

    By encouraging an armed rebellion of slaves in the South

    By promoting the passage and ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment

    By helping abolitionists fund the Underground Railroad

  • Question 9
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What was the fundamental question addressed in each of these congressional acts? 8.7(C)

    answer choices

    Should the U.S. expand westward?

    Should states be allowed to nullify federal laws?

    Should slave labor be allowed in new states?

    Should states be able to secede from the Union?

  • Question 10
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Why did the Siege of Vicksburg affect the balance of power during the Civil War? 8.8(B)

    answer choices

    Several important Confederate generals were killed.

    Union troops were pushed back across the Ohio River.

    The Confederate territory was divided in half.

    Severe casualties were inflicted on Union forces.

  • Question 11
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What was the result of the events shown on the map above? 8.10(A)

    answer choices

    General Lee’s troops received necessary reinforcements.

    General Grant’s supply lines were completely cut off.

    General Lee surrendered to General Grant.

    General Grant and General Lee combined forces.

  • Question 12
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following contributed most to the expansion of the transatlantic slave trade during the 1700s? 8.12(B)

    answer choices

    A lack of skilled labor in the American colonies

    Demand for slaves in the American colonies that produced cash crops

    A lack of protective tariffs in the American colonies

    Demand for slaves in the industrialized American colonies

  • Question 13
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Why were southern delegates to the Constitutional Convention willing to accept the Three-Fifths Compromise? 8.4(D)

    answer choices

    It increased the political influence of the South.

    It allowed indentured servants in the South to become citizens.

    It decreased the federal tax on property in the South.

    It allowed the South to expand its industrial output.

  • Question 14
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which of these directly resulted from the event announced in this headline? 8.7(C)

    answer choices

    The abolitionist movement gained momentum in the North.

    Members of the U.S. Senate sought to end Black Codes in the southern states.

    The federal government allowed the expansion of slavery into all new western territories.

    Abolitionists moved to the South to avoid living under the new law.

  • Question 15
    60 seconds
    Q.

    These reforms were instituted by — 8.9(A)

    answer choices

    governors during the colonial era

    Reconstruction governments after the Civil War

    Patriots during the American Revolution

    revivalists after the Second Great Awakening

  • Question 16
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What was one result of industrialization in the United States during the mid-1800s? 8.28(B)

    answer choices

    Sectional differences increased.

    The federal government prohibited immigration.

    Job opportunities decreased.

    Fewer public lands were devoted to transportation.

  • Question 17
    180 seconds
    Q.

    Which region’s primary economic activity in 1861 was the cultivation of cotton? 8.12(A)

    answer choices

    1

    2

    3

    4

  • Question 18
    120 seconds
    Q.

    Which of these occurred as a result of the Fifteenth Amendment?

    answer choices

    African American families divided by slavery were reunited.

    Newly free men and women moved west to claim land.

    African American men voted in the 1872 presidential election.

    Newly free men and women were allowed to apply for U.S. citizenship.

  • Question 19
    120 seconds
    Q.

    Who made this statement? 8.23(E)

    answer choices

    Harriet Beecher Stowe

    Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    Harriet Tubman

    Phillis Wheatley

  • Question 20
    120 seconds
    Q.

    How did this invention contribute to the expansion of the plantation system? 8.27(A)

    answer choices

    By reducing the number of slaves needed for growing cotton

    By increasing the time needed to cultivate cotton

    By increasing the profitability of slavery

    By reducing the demand for raw cotton

  • Question 21
    120 seconds
    Q.

    Which of these correctly describes an effect of the Compromise of 1850 on escaped slaves and freedmen? 8.7(B)

    answer choices

    Members of both groups were captured under the Fugitive Slave Law.

    Unlike freedmen, escaped slaves were welcome in the gold mines of California.

    Members of both groups could be sold in Washington, D.C., slave markets.

    Unlike escaped slaves, freedmen could vote in the territories of the Mexican Cession.

  • Question 22
    120 seconds
    Q.

    After the Civil War, southern states adopted Black Codes to — 8.9(C)

    answer choices

    punish plantation owners for the use of slavery

    support Radical Reconstruction objectives in the South

    promote the activities of the Freedmen’s Bureau

    limit the impact of the Thirteenth Amendment

  • Question 23
    120 seconds
    Q.

    How did the loss of its control of the Mississippi River contribute to the defeat of the Confederacy? 8.10(C)

    answer choices

    How did the loss of its control of the Mississippi River contribute to the defeat of the Confederacy?

    Losing control of the river removed the physical barrier between slave and free states.

    The river had provided the Confederacy with a power source for factories and mills.

    Losing control of the river divided the Confederacy in two and cut off its supplies.

  • Question 24
    120 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following was a major reason for the flow of the transatlantic slave trade shown on the map? 8.12(B)

    answer choices

    The economic demands of the plantation system

    The construction needs of the railroad

    Increased textile manufacturing

    Increased western migration

  • Question 25
    120 seconds
    Q.

    Many historians argue that the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln changed the course of Reconstruction. Which of the following is usually cited as an aspect of that change? 8.8(B)

    answer choices

    Radical Republicans took control of Congress.

    Congress imposed taxes on cotton imports to pay war debts.

    The Thirteenth Amendment was approved by Congress.

    Congress repealed legislation regulating railroad construction.

  • Question 26
    120 seconds
    Q.

    Which era in U.S. history is the focus of this article? 8.1(A)

    answer choices

    The Jacksonian era

    The antebellum era

    The Federalist era

    The Reconstruction era

  • Question 27
    120 seconds
    Q.

    What was a major result of the Missouri Compromise? 8.21(C)

    answer choices

    It increased the number of immigrants settling in northern states.

    It provided financing for canal construction.

    It rapidly expanded railroad construction in southern states.

    It temporarily relieved sectional tensions.

  • Question 28
    60 seconds
    Q.

    The measures in this list are examples of ways southern states weakened the effects of the — 8.16(B)

    answer choices

    Compromise of 1850

    Fifteenth Amendment

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Dred Scott v. Sandford decision

  • Question 29
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Why were these tactics effective? 8.12(D)

    answer choices

    Confederate states were unable to collect tariffs on manufactured goods.

    Union forces were able to use the blockade to gain international support.

    Confederate states were unable to use agricultural exports as a source of revenue.

    Union forces were able to earn money for supplies by selling confiscated bales of cotton.

  • Question 30
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which of the following best completes this list? 8.9(C)

    answer choices

    Established schools

    Certified applications for political office

    Granted small-business loans

    Provided funds for farming supplies

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