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  • Question 1
    60 seconds

    Which application of a new technology can be attributed to an invention of Thomas Edison?

    answer choices

    Refrigerated railroad cars allowed food to be transported long distances.

    Light bulbs made it efficient for factory workers to work at night.

    Diesel engines were used in the production of airplanes.

    Sonar technology was used to track submarines.

  • Question 2
    60 seconds

    While my solutions were a little less complex than those offered by FDR, . . . I played a kind of New Deal cowboy who never hesitated to tackle many of the same problems.

    —Gene Autry, country-and-western singer and actor

    Why were country-and-western performers such as Gene Autry popular with U.S. radio audiences during the 1930s?

    answer choices

    Their art related to the struggles of the period.

    They shared stories of individuals who became wealthy.

    They promoted work programs for rural communities.

    Their art brought attention to global human rights issues.

  • Question 3
    60 seconds

    It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion or national origin. This policy shall be put into effect as rapidly as possible, having due regard to the time required to effectuate any necessary changes without impairing efficiency or morale.

    —President Harry S. Truman, Executive Order 9981, July 26, 1948

    Which of the following contributed to President Truman’s decision to issue this order?

    answer choices

    A lack of funding for veteran pensions

    Declining enlistment rates during peacetime

    Discrimination against minority service members

    A desire to repeal the draft

  • Question 4
    60 seconds

    Which conclusion about the U.S. economy is most supported by the information on this time line?

    answer choices

    Government regulations prompted companies to develop alternative production techniques.

    Decreased globalization prompted companies to innovate and improve existing products.

    Decreased demand for new technology forced producers to reduce manufacturing costs.

    Marketplace competition drove producers to innovate and improve products.

  • Question 5
    60 seconds
    Q. What was one factor that helped turn the Great Plains into the Dust Bowl in the 1930s?
    answer choices
    Paying farmers to plant native grasses
    Increased demand for tobacco after World War I
    Numerous tornadoes occurring in the region
    Intense drought in the region
  • Question 6
    60 seconds

    How does this excerpt reflect a significant turning point in American history?

    answer choices

    It depicts the reaction to victory in the Spanish-American War.

    It portrays the changing social norms of the Jazz Age.

    It describes the experiences of immigrant workers during the Gilded Age.

    It details the industrial progress of the post–World War I era.

  • Question 7
    60 seconds
    Q. What was the overall goal of U.S. military intervention in Vietnam from 1964–1973?
    answer choices
    Eliminating trade barriers between the United States and Southeast Asia
    Isolating the Soviet Union by improving Chinese relations with the United States
    Promoting economic growth in the Pacific region
    Preventing communism from spreading throughout Southeast Asia
  • Question 8
    60 seconds

    Which occurrence was a result of the shift in the number of births that began in 1946?

    answer choices

    The decline of family farming

    The spread of new diseases

    The growth of the suburbs

    The reduction of defense spending

  • Question 9
    60 seconds

    Tonight I want to have an unpleasant talk with you about a problem that is unprecedented in our history. With the exception of preventing war, this is the greatest challenge that our country will face during our lifetime. . . . It’s a problem that we will not be able to solve in the next few years, and it’s likely to get progressively worse through the rest of this century. . . . The oil and natural gas that we rely on for 75 percent of our energy are simply running out. In spite of increased effort, domestic production has been dropping steadily at about 6 percent a year. Imports have doubled in the last 5 years.... Unless profound changes are made to lower oil consumption, we now believe that early in the 1980s the world will be demanding more oil than it can produce.

    —President Jimmy Carter, address to the nation, April 18, 1977

    Which course of action did President Carter propose in order to solve this problem for the next generation?

    answer choices

    Contract with foreign nations to build wind turbines

    Reduce federal spending on solar cell energy research

    Drill fewer offshore wells to conserve marine life

    Develop alternative energy sources

  • Question 10
    60 seconds

    What was the most likely result of the publication of images such as this 1906 political cartoon?

    answer choices

    The government passed the Sherman Antitrust Act.

    Private companies refused to import foreign foods.

    The government passed the Pure Food and Drug Act.

    Labor unions protested unsafe working conditions.

  • Question 11
    60 seconds
    Q. Which statement best explains how bank failures contributed to the Great Depression?
    answer choices
    People lost their savings because the government did not insure bank deposits.
    Business could not be done when President Franklin Roosevelt declared a bank holiday.
    The interest rates on bank loans were too high.
    Foreign investors did not invest enough in U.S. banks.
  • Question 12
    60 seconds

    How did the event in this headline impact the Civil Rights movement?

    answer choices

    The focus of the movement shifted to the struggle of migrant workers.

    The movement lost credibility with the American public.

    The focus of the movement shifted to protesting U.S. involvement in foreign wars.

    The movement lost an important national leader.

  • Question 13
    60 seconds

    As social conditions become more equal, the number of persons increases who, although they are neither rich enough nor powerful enough to exercise any great influence over their fellow-creatures, have nevertheless acquired or retained sufficient education and fortune to satisfy their own wants. They owe nothing to any man, they expect nothing from any man; they acquire the habit of always considering themselves as standing alone, and they are apt to imagine that their whole destiny is in their own hands.

    —Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, 1835

    Which American value is described in this excerpt?

    answer choices





  • Question 14
    60 seconds
    Q. In the World War II era, what was the major reason for Jewish immigration to the United States?
    answer choices
    To seek guaranteed universal suffrage
    To escape famine and drought caused by natural disaster
    To seek better educational opportunities
    To escape state-sponsored genocide
  • Question 15
    60 seconds

    How did the process shown in this photograph enhance the automobile industry?

    answer choices

    By speeding up production of automobiles at lower costs

    By requiring only licensed workers to produce the automobiles

    By ensuring high-quality automobiles for consumers at higher prices

    By developing new designs to test automobile safety standards

  • Question 16
    60 seconds

    In November 1942, the National War Labor Board (NWLB) adopted the policy of “equal pay for equal work,” which had not been standard practice in industry.

    What was the most likely purpose of this National War Labor Board order?

    answer choices

    To prevent unions from discriminating against unskilled workers during the war

    To weaken the “Rosie the Riveter” image for women working on the home front

    To double the output of equipment needed to support U.S. troops overseas

    To ensure fair treatment for women in the workplace during the war

  • Question 17
    60 seconds

    What was the goal of the actions on this time line?

    answer choices

    To ensure deposits into customer savings accounts

    To increase government regulation of business

    To end speculation in the stock market

    To stabilize the national economy

  • Question 18
    60 seconds

    This excerpt is from a book written by a Norwegian man who immigrated to the United States in the late 1800s.

    Then west by train on road and route not known to us. We saw mountains, which must have been the Alleghenies, and felt much depressed. Was that America? Had we been fooled? We expected to see flat ground with no timber or boulders to clear. When we came far enough to see that kind of country our spirits rose again....

    —Andreas Ueland, Recollections of an Immigrant

    These immigrants were relieved when they saw the type of land they were expecting because they —

    answer choices

    hoped to establish farms

    wanted to build factories

    planned to mine for gold

    wanted to work for the railroad

  • Question 19
    60 seconds

    Which challenges prompted New York City to take these actions?

    answer choices

    Increasing threats to large urban areas by foreign and domestic terrorism

    A widening gap in income levels between socioeconomic groups in society

    Escalating costs of providing health care and social services for senior citizens

    Aging infrastructure and pollution caused by high population density

  • Question 20
    60 seconds
    Q. How did Bill Gates earn the title “World’s Richest Man”?
    answer choices
    By creating social media sites
    By investing in global satellite communications
    By developing computer software
    By creating innovations in cell phone technology
  • Question 21
    60 seconds

    Which organizations correctly complete this table?

    answer choices
  • Question 22
    60 seconds

    II. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by international action for the enforcement of international covenants.

    —President Woodrow Wilson, Fourteen Points

    Which of the causes underlying World War I was this provision of the Fourteen Points intended to prevent?

    answer choices

    Nationalism and militarism

    Blockades and unrestricted submarine warfare

    Secret treaties and alliances

    Imperialism and self-determination

  • Question 23
    60 seconds

    Skateboarding started in the late 1940s and early 1950s. California surfers wanted to find a way to surf when the water was calm. The modern skateboard originated from attaching wheels to simple wooden boards that resembled surfboards.

    Which of the following developments is best illustrated by this information?

    answer choices

    Diffusion of American popular culture

    Growth of American student exchange programs

    Establishment of cultural imperialism

    Expansion of affirmative action

  • Question 24
    60 seconds
    Q. What was the most important diplomatic effect of the Declaration of Independence for the United States?
    answer choices
    It allowed foreign governments to officially recognize the United States.
    It forced Great Britain to trade with the United States.
    It required Great Britain to pay war reparations to the United States.
    It allowed the United States to establish immigration quotas.
  • Question 25
    60 seconds

    What role did the Supreme Court play in this declaration?

    answer choices

    The court ruled Florida’s use of butterfly ballots violated the Equal Protection Clause.

    The court ruled on the constitutionality of the vote recount in Florida.

    The court determined that campaign contributions are forms of free speech.

    The court ruled that requiring literacy tests to vote was unconstitutional.

  • Question 26
    60 seconds

    In 1884 Toynbee Hall was founded in a poor neighborhood in London. The primary mission of Toynbee Hall was to offer services to those in need, but it also gave university students first-hand experience with the effects of poverty. This allowed the students to develop practical solutions to further assist people in need. Many reformers in the United States soon adopted this model.

    This model was evident in the United States through the works of —

    answer choices

    Frances Willard and her support of the temperance movement

    A. Philip Randolph and his protests during World War II

    Jane Addams and her programs for new immigrants

    Eugene V. Debs and his establishment of the American Railway Union

  • Question 27
    60 seconds
    Q. Which action caused the United States to engage in a “police action” on the Korean Peninsula in 1950?
    answer choices
    The collapse of South Korea’s democratic government
    The assassination of North Korea’s political leader
    South Korea’s blockade of North Korea
    North Korea’s invasion of South Korea
  • Question 28
    60 seconds

    Which technological advancement was developed in installations near these cities during World War II?

    answer choices

    Long-range submarines

    Radio navigation

    Atomic bombs

    Jet engines

  • Question 29
    60 seconds
    Q. The Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor developed in response to the —
    answer choices
    increased need to protect worker interests
    decreased power of political machines
    increased demand for skilled workers
    decreased profitability of the agricultural sector
  • Question 30
    60 seconds

    What was the most likely topic of discussion between these men?

    answer choices

    Limiting the power of major railroad companies

    Creating alternative maritime shipping routes

    Designating additional land as national parks

    Reducing the influence of environmental lobbyists

  • Question 31
    60 seconds

    ________________: A term that originated during President Lyndon Johnson’s administration to describe the perception of a discrepancy between public statements and actual policies.

    Which term completes this definition?

    answer choices

    Hawk mentality

    Credibility gap

    Living-room war

    Flexible response

  • Question 32
    60 seconds

    How did the Voting Rights Act of 1965 contribute to the changes shown in this table?

    answer choices

    It helped reduce voter discrimination at polling sites.

    It increased state revenues associated with poll taxes.

    It contributed to increased involvement of lobbyists in political campaigns.

    It helped voters determine educational policy based on literacy test results.

  • Question 33
    60 seconds
    Q. What was one economic effect of the Spanish–American War?
    answer choices
    Shipbuilding industries in the United States declined.
    New free and fair trade treaties were established between the United States and developing countries.
    The United States gained direct access to additional natural resources and overseas markets.
    Demand for coal and petroleum as energy sources declined.
  • Question 34
    60 seconds

    Who is the recipient of this award?

    answer choices

    Frances Perkins

    Hillary Clinton

    Sandra Day O’Connor

    Barbara Jordan

  • Question 35
    60 seconds

    Which of the following was implemented in 1913 to solve these problems?

    answer choices

    Each state held party conventions in order to select senators.

    A national referendum was held to standardize the procedures for selecting senators.

    Open primaries were used to limit the choices of senators who could be confirmed by state legislatures.

    A constitutional amendment was ratified that required senators to be elected directly by popular vote.

  • Question 36
    60 seconds
    Q. How did the Brown v. Board of Education decision influence the Civil Rights movement?
    answer choices
    By discouraging activists from relying on the judicial system
    By guaranteeing scholarships to minority college students
    By providing a judicial basis for achieving equality in other areas
    By eliminating social barriers associated with hiring practices
  • Question 37
    60 seconds

    Which factor facilitated statehood for the darker–shaded areas?

    answer choices

    The introduction of barbed wire throughout the Great Plains

    The expansion of railway lines throughout the West

    The acceptance of Mormons by other religious sects in the East

    The peaceful integration of settlers with American Indian populations

  • Question 38
    60 seconds

    The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible. So far as we have already formed engagements, let them be fulfilled with perfect good faith. Here let us stop. Europe has a set of primary interests which to us have none; or a very remote relation. Hence she must be engaged in frequent controversies, the causes of which are essentially foreign to our concerns.

    —George Washington, Farewell Address, 1796

    Which group followed the advice given in this address?

    answer choices

    Expansionists during the Spanish-American War

    Isolationists regarding the Treaty of Versailles after World War I

    Hawks in Congress during the Vietnam War

    Civil libertarians in Congress after the start of the War on Terror

  • Question 39
    60 seconds
    Q. In the late 1800s, Sanford B. Dole contributed to the expansion of the United States by advocating the annexation of —
    answer choices
    Puerto Rico
    the Panama Canal Zone
    the Philippines
  • Question 40
    60 seconds

    In the spring of 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed by Congress and signed by President Chester A. Arthur. This act provided an absolute 10-year moratorium on Chinese labor immigration. . . . When the exclusion act expired in 1892, Congress extended it for 10 years in the form of the Geary Act.

    —“Chinese Exclusion Act (1882),” National Archives and Records Administration, (accessed August 31, 2013)

    What was the main reason given for the creation of these restrictions?

    answer choices

    Preventing the depletion of natural resources

    Discouraging anti-American activism

    Reducing competition for U.S. jobs

    Addressing a lack of urban housing

  • Question 41
    60 seconds

    How did this treaty contribute to the end of the Cold War?

    answer choices

    By reducing tensions associated with the threat of nuclear war

    By providing an exchange of weapons for war hostages

    By allowing secret weapons technologies to be shared

    By establishing an official cease-fire

  • Question 42
    60 seconds

    These gasoline rationing stamps were printed beginning in January 1974, but were never used. Which situation led the U.S. government to print these coupons?

    answer choices

    The economic collapse of the Soviet Union caused by increased defense spending

    A shortage of consumer goods following the end of a global conflict

    Economic deflation caused by increased trade globalization

    An embargo organized by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

  • Question 43
    60 seconds

    Innovations in which industry will most likely make this kind of surgery possible?

    answer choices





  • Question 44
    60 seconds
    Q. How did the Nineteenth Amendment expand the democratic process?
    answer choices
    By prohibiting discrimination in voting on the basis of race
    By eliminating the poll tax
    By prohibiting discrimination in voting on the basis of gender
    By lowering the voting age
  • Question 45
    60 seconds

    Which industry is most responsible for these quality–of–life improvements?

    answer choices



    Medical research


  • Question 46
    60 seconds

    It was during the First World War that a silent pilgrimage took its first steps within the borders of this country. . . . It would not end until the 1970s. . . . Over the course of six decades, some six million black southerners left the land of their forefathers and fanned out across the country for an uncertain existence in nearly every other corner of America....

    —Isabel Wilkerson, The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America’s Great Migration, 2010

    What was a primary reason for the demographic shift described in this excerpt?

    answer choices

    Increased demand for sharecroppers in the North

    Limited economic opportunities for African Americans in the South

    Increased availability of manufactured goods in the North

    A lack of educational institutions for African Americans in the South

  • Question 47
    60 seconds

    Which similarity completes this Venn diagram?

    answer choices

    Included debate over the use of line-item veto

    Violated the principle of due process

    Involved debate over the extent of executive and legislative authority

    Deemed unconstitutional by the judicial branch

  • Question 48
    60 seconds
    Q. What prompted the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) to target the “Hollywood Ten”?
    answer choices
    Support for American isolationism in the years leading up to World War II
    Increased political pressure from racial groups regarding civil rights legislation
    Growing anxiety related to the economic effects of the Great Depression
    Fear of communist infiltration within the American entertainment industry
  • Question 49
    60 seconds

    What was the purpose of this type of Office of War Information poster?

    answer choices

    To provide jobs to unemployed artists during an economic crisis

    To help the public understand its role in national security

    To encourage young men to join the war effort

    To protect civil liberties during times of national emergency

  • Question 50
    60 seconds

    Which two amendments should replace the question marks in this excerpt?

    answer choices

    Fifth Amendment and Eighth Amendment

    Third Amendment and Seventh Amendment

    First Amendment and Fourth Amendment

    Second Amendment and Sixth Amendment

  • Question 51
    60 seconds
    Q. What was the reaction of many Americans to the Watergate scandal?
    answer choices
    Confidence in the presidential selection process
    Support for the containment of communism
    Discontent over the antiwar and civil rights protests
    Cynicism about government and elected politicians
  • Question 52
    60 seconds

    The attack took place on American soil, but it was an attack on the heart and soul of the civilized world. And the world has come together to fight a new and different war, the first, and we hope the only one, of the 21st century. A war against all those who seek to export terror, and a war against those governments that support or shelter them.

    —President George W. Bush, news conference, October 11, 2001

    Which event prompted this speech by President Bush?

    answer choices

    The attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon

    The attack on the USS Cole

    The mail-bombing campaign of the Unabomber

    The bombing of a federal building in Oklahoma City

  • Question 53
    60 seconds
    Q. What was one effect of the arrival of the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe during World War I?
    answer choices
    Italy left the Central powers alliance.
    The heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne was assassinated in Sarajevo.
    The Allies were able to launch a major counterattack on the western front.
    Russian forces were able to withdraw from the eastern front.
  • Question 54
    60 seconds

    What was a result of the social problems presented in this 1917 political cartoon?

    answer choices

    Government leaders introduced health-care reform laws.

    Lobbyists focused attention on the power of corporate monopolies.

    Women worked to improve conditions in tenement houses.

    Progressives worked to ratify a prohibition amendment.

  • Question 55
    60 seconds
    Q. In 1919, Charles Schenck was charged with violating the Espionage Act. The Supreme Court ruled that Schenck's actions created a “clear and present danger.” How did the decision in this case affect the rights of U.S. citizens?
    answer choices
    By establishing restrictions on the right to vote
    By protecting the freedoms of religious minorities
    By placing limits on freedom of expression
    By protecting the rights of accused persons
  • Question 56
    60 seconds

    Which action replaces the question mark on this cause-and-effect diagram?

    answer choices

    implements an embargo against Japan

    sends ground troops to fight the Chinese

    bans the sale of weapons to China

    appeases Japanese demands for new territory

  • Question 57
    60 seconds
    Q. Which of the following was a significant effect of New Deal legislation?
    answer choices
    Income tax rates fell to historic lows.
    The federal government took on new roles.
    The regulation of intrastate trade was transferred to the states.
    States became the sole enforcers of immigration law.
  • Question 58
    60 seconds

    This legislation affected how federal employees were hired. The law now required government jobs to be —

    answer choices

    based on the political party affiliation of the applicant

    determined by a merit system based on civil service examinations

    based on the approval of lawmakers

    set aside for business executives of large corporations

  • Question 59
    60 seconds

    We claim for ourselves every single right that belongs to a freeborn American, political, civil and social; and until we get these rights we will never cease to protest and assail the ears of America. The battle we wage is not for ourselves alone but for all true Americans.

    —W. E. B. Du Bois, Niagara Movement Address to the Country, 1906

    How did the ideas presented in this address affect the early Civil Rights movement in the United States?

    answer choices

    By encouraging African Americans to achieve equality through vocational education

    By directly supporting Marcus Garvey’s Black Star Steamship Line

    By encouraging African Americans to accept Jim Crow laws

    By forming the basis for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

  • Question 60
    60 seconds

    Which New Deal agency was created to specifically serve this population?

    answer choices

    Federal Housing Administration

    Securities and Exchange Commission

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    Social Security Administration

  • Question 61
    60 seconds
    Q. Which action is prohibited under provisions of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972?
    answer choices
    A principal refuses to organize athletic events and programs for female sports teams.
    The funding for a music program is cut because of declining tax revenues.
    A teacher attempts to organize a charity basketball game for faculty and students.
    The staffing for a foreign language class is reduced due to lack of interest.
  • Question 62
    60 seconds

    What were photographs such as this one taken by Lewis Hine primarily intended to accomplish?

    answer choices

    Encourage leaders to make segregation in schools illegal

    Document labor conditions during an economic crisis

    Depict the evils of capitalism in communist propaganda

    Focus attention on the need for child labor reforms

  • Question 63
    60 seconds

    Lacrosse gained popularity . . . in the mid-nineteenth century... [in] the urban areas of New York, Philadelphia, and especially Baltimore and Annapolis. Advent of the synthetic stick and conversion of the field to a hockey-like box . . . in the 1930s made lacrosse even more popular. . . . Sporadically disappearing and reappearing, today the old native game enjoys a record following. Organized professional leagues have surfaced during the past two decades, and college intramural and varsity lacrosse, which have long thrived in the northeast, are established at state universities across the South and West.

    —Anthony Aveni, Colonial Williamsburg Journal, 2010

    A student could use this excerpt in a paper about the —

    answer choices

    challenges of preserving American Indian traditional clothing

    movement to reform American Indian schools

    contributions of American Indians to U.S. culture

    pressure on American Indians to assimilate

  • Question 64
    60 seconds

    Which action completes this cause-and-effect diagram?

    answer choices

    Banks lower interest rates

    Elected leaders lower tariff rates

    Companies lay off employees

    Labor unions demand higher wages

  • Question 65
    60 seconds
    Q. What important military contribution did Navajo Code Talkers make during World War II?
    answer choices
    They were part of a volunteer group of U.S. pilots that defended China from Japanese aggression.
    They were one of the groups that transmitted secret military information in the Pacific Theater.
    They were among the first black servicemen to fly as military aviators in the U.S. armed forces.
    They were members of the tank division that helped liberate France after the invasion of Normandy.
  • Question 66
    60 seconds

    Which box lists characteristics of the 1960s?

    answer choices
  • Question 67
    60 seconds

    Which action best explains the differences shown in these photographs?

    answer choices

    The United States gave economic assistance through the Marshall Plan.

    The United States and the Soviet Union created an alliance after World War II.

    U.S. leaders created the United Nations.

    The Soviet Union established the “Iron Curtain” after World War II.

  • Question 68
    60 seconds
    Q. Which action is the best example of a civic responsibility?
    answer choices
    Writing an editorial piece for a newspaper
    Volunteering to sell raffle tickets
    Voting on election day
    Opening a business
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