Weather Unit Practice Test
7 months ago
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  • Question 1
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The data table below shows apparent air temperature in degrees Fahrenheit (°F). Apparent air temperature is how hot the air feels at different air temperatures and different relative humidity.


    If the air temperature is 90°F and the relative humidity is 70%, the apparent air temperature is

    answer choices

    20°F

    106°F

    71°F

    113°F

  • Question 2
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram shows an activity in which two balloons are filled with equal amounts of air. This activity shows that

    answer choices

    warm air is less dense than cold air

    warm air has no density and cold air does

    warm air is more dense than cold air

    warm air and cold air are equal in density

  • Question 3
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which statement is an inference?

    answer choices

    A thermometer shows that the air temperature is 56°F.

    A mineral sample of galena produced a gray-black streak when tested.

    Based on previous data, ten hurricanes may occur in the year 2013.

    A weather vane indicates the wind is coming from the west.

  • Question 4
    30 seconds
    Q.

    A cold front located in the Midwestern United States generally moves towards the

    answer choices

    North

    South

    East

    West

  • Question 5
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Based on the diagram, which letter in the water-cycle diagram indicates where condensation occurs?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

  • Question 6
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which temperature and moisture conditions describe an air mass that originates over the Atlantic Ocean near the equator?

    answer choices

    warm and dry

    warm and humid

    cool and dry

    cool and humid

  • Question 7
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The photograph shows a satellite image of a

    hurricane. A satellite image of a hurricane helps weather forecasters to

    answer choices

    warn residents of hazardous weather conditions

    explain the effects of global warming on the

    ocean currents

    predict the times of high tide and low tide

    predict the total number of storms to occur in

    one year

  • Question 8
    30 seconds
    Q.

    On a drive up Pikes Peak, a tall mountain in Colorado, if temperature and air pressure readings were taken, the measurements would show

    answer choices

    pressure increasing and temperature decreasing.

    pressure decreasing and temperature increasing

    pressure decreasing and temperature decreasing.

    pressure increasing and temperature increasing.

  • Question 9
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Base your answer on the weather map below and on your knowledge of science. The center of a storm system (Low) over part of the United States and the frontal boundaries associated with this system are shown. Point A represents a location on the map.


    The word Low on the map refers to

    answer choices

    air temperature

    relative humidity

    air pressure

    amount of cloud coverage

  • Question 10
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Base your answer on the weather map and on your knowledge of science. The center of a storm system (Low) over part of the United States and the frontal boundaries associated with this system are shown. Point A represents a location on the map.


    Precipitation is most likely occurring at A because it is located

    answer choices

    on a cold ocean surface

    near the cold front

    on a warm land surface

    near the warm front

  • Question 11
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Base your answers to question on the weather map and on your knowledge of science. The center of a storm system (Low) over part of the United States and the frontal boundaries associated with this system are shown. Point A represents a location on the map.


    In which compass direction will the storm center (Low) most likely move over the next few days if it follows a typical storm track?

    answer choices

    northeast

    northwest

    southeast

    southwest

  • Question 12
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The weather map shows the locations of a warm and a cold front over part of North America.


    The numbered lines on the weather map connect locations with the same ____________

    answer choices

    wind direction

    wind speed

    air temperature

    air pressure

  • Question 13
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Students wish to study the effect of elevation above sea level on air temperature and air pressure. They plan to hike in the Adirondack Mountains from heart Lake, elevation 2,179 feet, to the peak of Mt. Marcy, elevation 5,344 feet.


    Which instruments should they use to collect their data?

    answer choices

    thermometer and barometer

    barometer and wind vane

    thermometer and psychrometer

    barometer and psychrometer

  • Question 14
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The map shows an air mass that formed over the Gulf of Mexico at location A.


    Once air mass A reaches location B, the weather conditions at location B will most likely become ______________

    answer choices

    warmer and drier

    warmer and more humid

    colder and more humid

    colder and drier

  • Question 15
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The arrows in the diagram below show the circulation of air on a sunny day. The air circulation shown is caused by.....

    answer choices

    both hot air and cool air sinking

    both hot air and cool air rising

    hot air sinking and cool air rising

    hot air rising and cool air sinking

  • Question 16
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Dust and ash entering the atmosphere as a result of volcanic eruptions can affect Earth’s


    Hint- eliminate choices that do not fit this unit or that we have not even discussed!

    answer choices

    tidal activity

    weather and climate

    orbital shape

    rotation and revolution

  • Question 17
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which map best represents the surface wind pattern associated with high-pressure and low-pressure systems in the Northern Hemisphere?


    Low = inward and left (counterclockwise)

    High = outward and right (clockwise)

    answer choices
  • Question 18
    30 seconds
    Q.

    A sudden change in the weather at a certain location is most likely caused by _______________

    answer choices

    the arrival of an air mass

    a severe earthquake

    a high ocean tide

    an eclipse of the Moon

  • Question 19
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram shows an air mass entering the United States from the northwest. This air mass formed over the North Pacific Ocean, so it would be

    answer choices

    moist and warm

    moist and cool

    dry and warm

    dry and cool

  • Question 20
    30 seconds
    Q.

    In the diagram, the air mass most likely to affect New York State the next day would be


    Hint! Weather moves from West to East in US

    answer choices

    air mass A

    air mass B

    air mass C

    air mass D

  • Question 21
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The line separating the cold air mass from the warm air mass represents a ________________


    Hint! Remember the air mass is behind the frontal boundary. The boundary is the "leader" of the front and brings the air mass with it.

    Also- it is a curved line

    answer choices

    warm front

    cold front

    line of latitude

    high-pressure system

  • Question 22
    30 seconds
    Q.

    City A is most likely about to experience

    answer choices

    a light rain, followed by warmer temperatures

    heavy rains lasting several days

    no change in weather conditions

    thunderstorms, followed by cooler temperatures

  • Question 23
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which technologies have most improved the accuracy of weather forecasting?

    answer choices

    computers and satellites

    jet engines and nuclear reactors

    water-powered and wind-powered generators

    cloud-seeing methods

  • Question 24
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows what normally happens as air is pushed up a mountain by winds in New York State during the summer.


    The clouds result from the ____________________

    answer choices

    drop in wind speed as the air nears the mountain

    movement of water down the mountainside

    warming of the air as it rises over the mountain

    condensing of water vapor in the air as it rises and cools

  • Question 25
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The amount of which greenhouse gas in the air will increase the most if large forests are cut down to be used for building materials without planting new trees in their place?

    answer choices

    ozone

    methane

    water vapor

    carbon dioxide

  • Question 26
    30 seconds
    Q.

    In the diagram letters A, B, C, and D represent four different processes that occur during the water cycle.


    During which process is water released from land organisms into the atmosphere?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

  • Question 27
    30 seconds
    Q.

    When a strong wind is blowing from one location to another, the two locations most likely have a difference in ____________

    answer choices

    air pressure

    dew point temperature

    cloud cover

    elevation

  • Question 28
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Earth’s weather is primarily caused by the

    answer choices

    drifting of Earth’s crustal plates

    gravitational attraction of the Moon

    uneven heating of Earth’s surface

    changing distance between Earth and the Sun

  • Question 29
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which weather event usually includes heavy precipitation, strong winds, and surface air temperatures below 0°C?


    0°C = freezing point of water

    answer choices

    blizzard

    thunderstorm

    hurricane

    tornado

  • Question 30
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Which statement would most likely be included in a news report about an approaching hurricane?

    answer choices

    Open the windows to equalize air pressure.

    Install snow tires and check the antifreeze in the car radiator.

    Evacuate low-lying areas near the coast.

    Expect wind speed to decrease for the next several hours.

  • Question 31
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The layer that protects us from harmful ultraviolet (uv) rays can be found at a height of 25 miles in the atmosphere. The ozone layer is found in the ________________

    answer choices

    troposphere

    stratosphere

    mesosphere

    thermosphere

  • Question 32
    30 seconds
    Q.

    A temperature of 30oC will most likely be found in the

    answer choices

    troposphere

    stratosphere

    mesosphere

    thermosphere

  • Question 33
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The only layer of the atmosphere where weather occurs is the _________________


    Hint! It is the layer where the water vapor is!

    answer choices

    troposphere

    tropopause

    stratosphere

    stratopause

  • Question 34
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Describe one weather condition that was most likely produced along the fronts as this low pressure system moved across New York State in July.

    answer choices

    cloudy and rainy

    sunny and dry

    clear and sunny

  • Question 35
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Explain why this low-pressure system causes the temperature to be warmer in Syracuse than in Rochester.

    answer choices

    The cold front is nearing Syracuse and Rochester

    The warm front is coming towards Syracuse and the cold front is coming towards Rochester

    The warm front passed over Syracuse bringing warm weather while the cold front passed over Rochester bringing colder weather.

  • Question 36
    30 seconds
    Q.

    In which compass direction will this low-pressure center most likely move?


    Hint! All weather in the United States typically moves from ______ to ______

    answer choices

    Northeast

    Southeast

    Northwest

    Southwest

  • Question 37
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows part of the water cycle. Some processes in the water cycle are represented by A, B, C, and D.


    Which letter represents EVAPORATION?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

  • Question 38
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows part of the water cycle. Some processes in the water cycle are represented by A, B, C, and D.


    Which letter represents CONDENSATION?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

  • Question 39
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows part of the water cycle. Some processes in the water cycle are represented by A, B, C, and D.


    Which letter represents PRECIPITATION?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

  • Question 40
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The diagram below shows part of the water cycle. Some processes in the water cycle are represented by A, B, C, and D.


    Which letter represents RUN-OFF?

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

  • Question 41
    30 seconds
    Q.

    Based on the graph, predict the month in 2007 when the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide would have been highest...


    Hint- which month had the highest concentration each year? Follow the pattern to predict...

    answer choices

    April

    May

    June

  • Question 42
    30 seconds
    Q.

    The general trend in the graph shows an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels from 2002 to 2006.


    Pick the human activities that may have produced this increase.


    Hint- What activities do people do that would cause an increase in carbon dioxide? Check all that apply!

    answer choices

    Driving cars

    factories

    using alternative energies (solar, wind, water, etc)

    recycling

    burning fossil fuels

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