Groundwater
7 months ago
aorgonik
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14 QuestionsShow answers
  • Question 1
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What is the best definition of a water table?

    answer choices

    The level to which a river rises when it floods

    The boundary between the land and the ocean

    The top of the saturated zone in an aquifer

    The bottom of the saturated zone in an aquifer

    The top of the unsaturated zone in an aquifer

  • Question 2
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What would cause the water table to lower?

    answer choices

    High rates of evaporation and transpiration

    Low rates of evaporation and transpiration

    Increasing amounts of runoff

    A heavy rainstorm with a lot of precipitation

  • Question 3
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What is infiltration?

    answer choices

    The process by which water sinks into the ground

    The zone where there are still air spaces left between the particles.

    The process by which water vapor turns into liquid water and forms fog or clouds.

    The process by which water does not sink into the ground, but rather travels along the surface.

  • Question 4
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What process transforms the water vapor in the atmosphere to the liquid water in a cloud?

    answer choices

    evaporation

    infiltration

    precipitation

    transpiration

    condensation

  • Question 5
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What process causes liquid water to evaporate from plant leaves and enter the atmosphere as water vapor?

    answer choices

    evaporation

    infiltration

    precipitation

    transpiration

    condensation

  • Question 6
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which soil would have the greatest permeability rate after a rainstorm?

    answer choices

    sand (0.02 cm)

    silt (0.002 cm)

    clay (0.0002 cm)

  • Question 7
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which soil would have the greatest capillarity?

    answer choices

    sand (0.02 cm)

    silt (0.002 cm)

    clay (0.0002 cm)

  • Question 8
    60 seconds
    Q.

    What is capillarity?

    answer choices

    When water cannot infiltrate a substance

    Water being held onto by rock or sediment

    The ability of water to move upward against gravity in a material

    The percentage of empty space in a material

  • Question 9
    60 seconds
    Q.

    These containers have the same volume of beads which are representing soil particles. What is the relative porosity and permeability of each?

    answer choices

    The container on the left has the higher permeability and porosity

    The container on the right has the higher permeability and porosity

    The container on the left has the higher permeability, but they both have the same porosity

    The container on the right has the higher permeability, but they both have the same porosity

  • Question 10
    60 seconds
    Q.

    500 mL of water is added to each tube and allowed to drain out. Which container would have the highest retention of water after it drained? (particle size gets bigger as you move to the right)

    answer choices

    A

    B

    C

    D

    They would all be the same in terms of retention

  • Question 11
    60 seconds
    Q.

    How would the porosity of the poorly sorted sediment compare to the well sorted sediment?

    answer choices

    It would be greater in the poorly sorted sediment

    It would be less in the poorly sorted sediment

    It would be the same in both

  • Question 12
    60 seconds
    Q.

    How does the porosity of frozen soil compare with unfrozen soil?

    answer choices

    It is less in the frozen soil

    It is greater in the frozen soil

    The porosity of both would be the same

  • Question 13
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which surface would have the most runoff from it after a rainstorm?

    answer choices
  • Question 14
    60 seconds
    Q.

    Which surface would be impermeable?

    answer choices
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