One impact of the early expansion of the system of railroads on the physical environment of the United States was-
the movement of tons of rock and debris for construction through mountains
a decline in the price of agricultural products from farms in western territories
the construction of dams and reservoirs for the water to power steam engines
an ability of citizens to travel faster between major cities in northeastern states
One factor that contributed to the growth of slavery in the american South was -
completion of the Transcontinental railroad
demand for cotton in the Textile mills of the North
development of cattle trials that linked Texas with railroads
resistance to westward expansion by American Indian Groups
Many immigrants from Ireland to the urban centers of the northeastern United States during the mid-nineteenth century often found work in —
farming and cattle ranching
factories and municipal services
retail sales at new department stores
professional services such as medicine and law
Many entrepreneurs attempted new businesses in the early nineteenth century because of a confidence that the U.S. government would —
protect property rights
increase tariffs and taxes
establish safety standards
regulate commercial practices
One factor that contributed to growing industrialism in the United States prior to the Civil War was —
a series of political revolutions in European monarchies
a general lack of U.S. government regulations on business
an exclusive trading relationship with U.S. colonies overseas
a growing distrust of European interventions in Latin America
The laissez-faire economic policies of the United States during the nineteenth century led to —
a system of protective tariffs
the creation of a national bank
a largely unregulated market for industry
a decline in immigration to western states
How did Thoreau's idea of civil disobedience influence American society?
Citizens who considered the Civil War unjust refused to comply with the draft.
Western settlers who disagreed with placing railroads on their land dismantled the tracks at night.
Civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr. called on people to refuse to obey laws considered unjust.
American Indian tribes on reservations refused to purchase agricultural products that were not grown on reservation grounds.
Frederick Douglass contributed to the abolitionist reform movement by —
writing legislation that banned enslaving people
informing others about his early life in slavery
creating a secret route for escaped enslaved people
running for president as a member of the Abolition Party
One effect of urbanization that led to the development of the KnowNothing Party was —
unsafe factory conditions
unsanitary living conditions
fear of communist influence
Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott were instrumental in working for women’s rights by —
authoring a variety of publications
leading working women on many strikes
running as candidates for political offices
directing several marches on Washington D.C
Nineteenth century reformers improved the care for disabled people by leading efforts to —
build new hospitals for the mentally ill, deaf and blind
invent new medical devices for people with disabilities
create new jobs for the mentally ill and handicapped populations
pass legislation outlawing discrimination against persons with disabilities
The reform efforts of the women’s rights movement of the nineteenth century helped to bring about —
an increase in wages paid to women
an end to the trading of enslaved people
a shortening of the workday to ten hours
the beautification of overcrowded American cities
How did the Second Great Awakening impact American society?
It led to a rapid expansion of public education.
It highlighted growing social and regional differences.
It resulted in a ban on the international trade of enslaved people.
It ended the overwhelming influence of the Catholic Church over government
Which description is an accurate characterization of the Hudson River School style of painting?
Artists painted landscapes to show man's connection with nature.
Artists moved away from Realism and used abstract shapes and colors.
Artists showed how industry and progress were destroying the environment.
Artists connected Greek and Roman myths to the American historical events.
The work of John James Audubon contributed to a new understanding in science because his studies inspired many who later became —
How did steam power affect agriculture in the United States prior to the Civil War?
Steam-powered shovels helped move massive amounts of earth to clear land for farming.
Steam-powered threshers harvested wheat faster and reduced the need for migrant workers
Steam-powered tractors reduced the number of workers needed and increased field production
Steam-powered boats moved farm products to cities faster and from greater distances than before.
One effect of the opening of the Erie Canal was —
the end of U.S. Navy patrols on the Great Lakes
the decline of commerce delivered by U.S. railroads
the linking of trade between the East and West coasts
the rise of New York City as the center of U.S. commerce
The construction of railroads and canals benefited northern industries by —
increasing the flow of southern products westward
promoting urbanization in the South and West
facilitating the faster movement of products
slowing migration to the cities of the North
The development of a national market for goods and services within the United States was largely a result of —
tariffs on manufactured goods
government safety regulations
improvements in transportation
increased demand for cheap labor
Which new source of power contributed most to the expansion of U.S. industry prior to the Civil War?
Many women experienced expanded economic opportunities during the nineteenth century because —
many men left to fight in a foreign war for several years
raw materials from farms were in high demand by industry
factory jobs provided many women independence and wages
a constitutional amendment recognized women’s voting rights
A major characteristic of the era of early industrialism in the United States prior to the Civil War was —
a population shifting to cities
a decline in the cotton harvest
a boom in oil and gas production
a rapid system for manufacturing cars
Which event was a first step in the American abolitionist movement?
Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Toms’ Cabin was published
States north of Pennsylvania outlawed the practice of enslaving people
William Lloyd Garrison organized the New-England Anti-Slavery Society
American Colonization Society was formed to help formerly enslaved people