Belle inherited a parcel of land on the outskirts of an Mississippi town that has been in her family for generations. Even though her family has never utilized the land, she now wishes to build, along with her brothers, a small family restaurant on the inherited land. Ellie applies for a building permit and finds out that the Iowa legislature recently passed a law preventing further construction on land designated as "protected wetlands." Her land, it turns out, is now designated as "protected wetlands," and she is denied a building permit for any future building on the property. Which amendment comes into play?
The student body of Gulfport High School, a fine public school, took a vote. By a vast majority, they voted to conduct a student-led prayer over the loudspeaker system of their football field before the kick-off of each home game. They elected Toby, the student body president, to conduct the non-denominational prayer. Grace, an atheist, objected. She was neither required to participate, nor punished for refusing. Nonetheless, Grace believes the public prayer itself to be unconstitutional. Which amendment and which part of the Constitution comes into play?
Noah has been found guilty of a heinous crime: attacking and killing his boss in a fit of rage. In the sentencing phase of his trial, Noah's lawyers produced two psychologists who testified to the fact that Noah was, in fact, mentally ill. Benny's lawyers and psychologists argued that the jury should not be allowed to assign the death penalty as punishment for Noah's crimes. It was quite probable, the psychologists testified, that Noah did not fully understand the outcome of his actions, and while this fact does not absolve him of punishment, he should not be put to death. Which amendment comes into play?
Morgan and Peyton were ardent followers of the Amish faith, and following Amish doctrine, did not wish to enroll their children in school beyond 8th grade. Their state legislature, however, had passed a law requiring all children to attend school until age 16. Such a law, Andy and Anna believed, violated the duties required of them as an Amish family, and they refused to comply with the law. The state prosecuted and punished Andy and Anna for violating the law and refusing to send their children to school. Which part of the Constitution comes into play?
Evan was arrested on suspicion of kidnapping and rape. He was taken to the police station, where the victim picked Evan out of a lineup. An officer pointed to a woman in the police station and asked if she was the victim. Evan told them, "Yeah, that's her." The police then took him to an interrogation room where he was questioned for two hours. He verbally confessed to the crime and signed a written statement, prepared by the police, admitting his guilt. Evan's confession included a statement that he was aware of his rights, and that any statements he made could be used against him. However, the police made little effort throughout the interrogation to allow Evan to access a lawyer, or generally notify him of his rights. Which amendment comes into play?
Demery, a respected physician in the community, was accused of murdering her husband, Logan. Demery continually maintained her innocence in Logan's death. The murder trial was a media sensation - reporters were in the courtroom, and were even assigned seats between the jurors and the defendant. The story was all over the local and state press for weeks. Editorials demanded a guilty verdict. The jury was not sequestered and had access to the media coverage. Demery was found guilty. After her conviction, Demery claimed that the extensive media coverage tainted her prosecution and led to an unfair guilty verdict. She appealed her conviction, arguing that the media coverage biased the opinions of those in her community, requiring that her guilty verdict be overturned. Which amendment comes into play?
Ashton, a public high school student, was caught smoking cigarettes in the school bathroom. The teacher who caught Ashton took her to the principal's office, where a school official questioned her about whether or not she was smoking in the bathroom. She denied it. The principal, not believing her story, decided to take further action by looking into Ashton's purse. He found a pack of cigarettes as well as a bag of rolling papers commonly associated with marijuana use. The official then decided to thoroughly search Ashton's purse. He discovered a bag of marijuana and various papers that seemed to indicate that Ashton was dealing marijuana. He placed Ashton on suspension and called the police. Which amendment comes into play?
Matt was a prominent leader of the Ku Klux Klan. At a Klan rally, Matt advocated support for the Klan ideal of "white power." He gave a speech full of racial epithets. He also said, in an apparent threat, "If our President, our Congress, and our Supreme Court continues to suppress the whites, it's possible that there might have to be some revenge taken." He was arrested afterwards for violating a state law that prohibited the advocacy of crime, sabotage, or violence as a means of accomplishing political reform. The law also prohibited the gathering of an society or group formed to teach or advocate such messages. Matt was fined $1000 and sentenced to 10 years in prison. Which amendment comes into play?
Maddie loves her dog and boyfriend equally. It is the year 3000.
Cloning and genetic modifications have made it possible to meld the personalities of dogs with the bodies of humans. Maddie argues for "a right to clone" and asks the court to consider creating a new right in light of the advances in technology since the founding.
Seth creates a flame-throwing hunting gun and is arrested for using it to kill squirrels in their nests. He is arrested for reckless endangerment to wildlife and his gun is destroyed. What Amendment applies?